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世界のGTL(Gas to Liquids)市場の分析

Analyzing Gas to Liquids Market 2017

発行 Aruvian Research 商品コード 231924
出版日 ページ情報 英文 260 Pages
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世界のGTL(Gas to Liquids)市場の分析 Analyzing Gas to Liquids Market 2017
出版日: 2017年08月01日 ページ情報: 英文 260 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、世界のGTL(ガス液化:Gas to Liquids)市場について分析し、全体的な市場構造・技術動向や、コスト面での特徴、解決すべき課題、LNG(液化天然ガス)との比較、期待される効果や利用方法、主な企業・プロジェクトの概略といった情報を盛り込んでお届けします。

第1章 エグゼクティブ・サマリー

第2章 GTL技術の概略

  • 天然ガスの歴史的背景
  • 天然ガス市場の現状
  • 天然ガスの探査
  • GTLの導入
  • GTL(Gas to Liquids)とは何か
  • GTLの歴史的背景
  • GTLのソリューションの選択肢
  • 技術上の利点
  • GTLの重要性
  • GTLへの投資
  • 世界各地のGTL商業化への活動
  • GTLの事業見通し

第3章 GTLのエネルギー市場への影響

  • 資源消費

第4章 GTL技術

  • フィッシャー・トロプシュ(F-T)法
  • 合成ガス
  • 主要な技術手法への注目
    • ExxonMobilでの手法
    • Rentechでの手法
    • Sasolでの手法
    • Shellでの手法
    • Statoilでの手法
    • Syntroleumでの手法

第5章 GTL市場の現状

第6章 GTLの市場の可能性

  • 温室効果ガス削減への貢献
  • 技術戦略

第7章 GTLの経済性

  • GTLの資本コスト
  • GTLプロセスにおける燃料コスト
  • GLTの運転保守(O&M)コスト
  • GTL製品からのその他の収益
  • Rentechの複合生産戦略

第8章 主な問題

  • 規模の問題
  • 高い資本コスト
  • 内部エネルギーの統合
  • 気体分離装置の技術的問題
  • 合成ガス発生エリアでの技術的問題
  • フィッシャー・トロプシュ合成法の技術的問題
  • GTLプロジェクトの資金面での問題
  • 大気汚染

第9章 GTLプロジェクトの設計方法

  • イントロダクション
  • プロセス・エンジニアリングの機会
  • 燃料システム
  • 資本コストとプロセス効率性との比較
  • 設計上の課題
  • 設計と建設に関する考察
  • GTL施設の建設スケジュール

第10章 GTL技術の促進要因

  • 地球気候変動
  • 石油価格の上昇
  • ガスの「貨幣化」

第11章 運送業でのGTL燃料の利用

第12章 GTL技術の利用による排出削減

第13章 GTLとLNGの比較

  • イントロダクション
  • 市場の可能性:LNG対GTL
  • 技術の比較
  • 効率性の比較
  • 資本コストの比較
  • 製品の比較
  • 結論

第14章 GTL市場の代表的企業

第15章 現在進行中の主なGTLプロジェクト

第16章 GTLの将来

第17章 付録

第18章 用語集

目次

Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) fuels can be produced from natural gas, coal, and biomass using a Fischer-Tropsch chemical reaction process. The liquids produced include naphtha, diesel, and chemical feed stocks.

For decades, western economies have supported Middle Eastern states that essentially have one product to offer in trade - oil. The world's dependence on Middle Eastern oil is so complete that United States foreign policy and our national security are held hostage by the knowledge that if the region becomes unstable to the degree that oil no longer flows, western economies collapse, energy prices skyrocket, and the standard of living of the industrial world plummets. No other common energy source exists in enough quantity or form to replace oil.

The GTL industry can be viewed as an alternative to oil refining. The basic technology of the industry dates back to 1923 when two German scientists, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch (FT), invented a process that could convert natural gas to a hydrocarbon mixture which could then be upgraded into petroleum products. The FT technology provides an alternative to traditional crude oil refining, as liquid petroleum products, most notably diesel fuel, can be produced from a non-liquid input, natural gas.

The GTL process needs low-cost natural gas, less than $1 per million BTUs, to compete with traditional diesel fuel. Some remote natural gas sources, called "stranded gas," that are not otherwise economically available may be ideally suited to this process, like Alaska.

GTL diesel can be used neat or blended with today's diesel fuel and used in existing diesel engines and infrastructure. These fuels provide an opportunity to reduce dependence on petroleum based fuels and reduce tailpipe emissions. GTL fuel has virtually no sulfur, aromatics, or toxics. It can be blended with non-complying diesel fuel to make the fuel cleaner so it will comply with new diesel fuel standards.

Aruvian Research brings you an in-depth focus on the technology of Gas to Liquids. Analyzing Gas to Liquids Market 2017 focuses on all aspects of the Fischer Tropsch process, conversion processes utilized on natural gas, the major companies which are investing in this technology, the reasons for investing in GTL and the investment scenario in the technology, and the financial difficulties faced during financing of projects.

The report looks at the growth factors, challenges and barriers, the concept of using GTL fuel for transportation, the economic feasibility of GTL technologies and GTL projects, the effect of GTL on the energy market, and of course, the basics of Gas to Liquid technologies. A lot more awaits you inside this comprehensive intelligent analysis of GTL technology and market.

The engineering process involved in GTL is a value enhancer to this edition, along with a look at how GTL can reduce emissions in the atmosphere.

An in-depth analysis of all major companies participating actively in GTL developments is also included in the report. Companies included in the report are:

  • Cosmo Oil
  • Chiyoda Corporation
  • General Electric
  • Qatar Petroleum
  • Statoil
  • Syntroleum
  • Royal Dutch Shell
  • Rentech
  • PetroSA
  • ExxonMobil
  • ConocoPhillips
  • Sasol Limited
  • Chevron
  • BP plc

Company profiles, financial analysis, GTL activities, business segments, and SWOT analyses are all part of this new and updated version of Analyzing Gas to Liquids Market 2017.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Gas to Liquids

  • B.1 History of Natural Gas
  • B.2 Present Day Status of Natural Gas Markets
  • B.3 Exploiting Natural Gas
  • B.4 Introduction to Gas-to-Liquids
  • B.5 What is Gas to Liquids?
  • B.6 History of GTL
  • B.7 Solution Options for GTL
  • B.8 Benefits of the Technology
  • B.9 Importance of GTL
  • B.10 Investing in GTL
  • B.11 Worldwide GTL Commercialization Activity
  • B.12 Business Outlook for GTL

C. GTL & Implications for the Energy Market

  • C.1 Resource Consumption

D. GTL Technologies

  • D.1 Fischer-Tropsch Process
  • D.2 Syngas
  • D.3 Looking at the Major Technological Processes
    • D.3.1 ExxonMobil Process
    • D.3.2 Rentech Process
    • D.3.3 Sasol Process
    • D.3.4 Shell Process
    • D.3.5 Statoil Process
    • D.3.6 Syntroleum Process

E. Market Status of Gas to Liquids

F. Market Potential of GTL

  • F.1 Greenhouse Gas Contributions
  • F.2 Technological Strategies

G. Economics of GTL

  • G.1 Capital Cost of GTL
  • G.2 Fuel Cost in GTL Process
  • G.3 O&M Cost of GTL
  • G.4 Other Revenues from GTL Products
  • G.5 Rentech's Polygeneration Strategy

H. Major Issues & Challenges

  • H.1 Challenges in Size
  • H.2 High Capital Cost
  • H.3 Internal Energy Integration
  • H.4 Air Separation Unit Technical Issues
  • H.5 Syngas Generation Area Technical Issues
  • H.6 F-T Synthesis Technical Issues
  • H.7 Problems with Financing GTL Projects
  • H.8 Air Pollution

I. How to Engineer a GTL Project

  • I.1 Introduction
  • I.2 Opportunities in Process Engineering
  • I.3 The Fuel System
  • I.4 Looking at Capital Cost vs. Process Efficiency
  • I.5 Engineering Challenges
  • I.6 Looking at Engineering and Construction
  • I.7 Schedule for Building a GTL Facility

J. Factors Promoting GTL Technology

  • J.1 Global Climate Change
  • J.2 Gas Monetization

K. Using GTL Fuel for Transportation

L. Reducing Emissions by Using GTL Technology

M. Comparing GTL and LNG

  • M.1 Introduction
  • M.2 Market Potential: LNG versus GTL
  • M.3 Technological Comparison
  • M.4 Efficiency Comparison
  • M.5 Comparison of Capital Costs
  • M.6 Product Comparison
  • M.7 Conclusion

N. Leading Players in GTL

  • N.1 BP Plc
    • N.1.1 Company Overview
    • N.1.2 Business Segments
    • N.1.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.1.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.1.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.2 Chevron Corporation
    • N.2.1 Company Overview
    • N.2.2 Business Segments
    • N.2.3 Sasol Chevron & Focus on GTL
    • N.2.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.2.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.3 Sasol Limited
    • N.3.1 Company Overview
    • N.3.2 Business Segments
    • N.3.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.3.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.3.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.4 ConocoPhillips
    • N.4.1 Company Overview
    • N.4.2 Business Segments
    • N.4.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.4.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.4.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.5 Exxon Mobil
    • N.5.1 Company Overview
    • N.5.2 Business Segments
    • N.5.3 Financial Analysis
    • N.5.4 SWOT Analysis
  • N.6 Royal Dutch Shell Plc
    • N.6.1 Company Overview
    • N.6.2 Business Segments
    • N.6.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.6.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.6.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.7 Statoil ASA
    • N.7.1 Company Overview
    • N.7.2 Business Segments
    • N.7.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.7.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.7.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.8 General Electric Company
    • N.8.1 Company Overview
    • N.8.2 Business Segments
    • N.8.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.8.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.8.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.9 Chiyoda Corporation
    • N.9.1 Company Overview
    • N.9.2 Business Segments
    • N.9.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.9.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.9.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.10 Cosmo Oil Company
    • N.10.1 Company Overview
    • N.10.2 Business Segments
    • N.10.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.10.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.10.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.11 Qatar Petroleum
    • N.11.1 Company Overview
    • N.11.2 Business Segments
    • N.11.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.11.4 Financial Analysis
    • N.11.5 SWOT Analysis
  • N.12 Syntroleum
    • N.12.1 Company Overview
    • N.12.2 Business Segments
    • N.12.3 Focus on GTL
  • N.13 PetroSA
    • N.13.1 Company Overview
    • N.13.2 Business Segments
    • N.13.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.13.4 SWOT Analysis
  • N.14 Rentech
    • N.14.1 Company Overview
    • N.14.2 Business Segments
    • N.14.3 Focus on GTL
    • N.14.4 SWOT Analysis

O. Major GTL Projects

  • O.1 Escravos Gas-to-Liquids Project, Niger Delta, Nigeria
  • O.2 Oryx Gas-to-Liquids Complex, Ras-Laffan, Qatar
  • O.3 Marathon, Syntroleum - Gas-to-Liquids Demonstration Plant, Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • O.4 Shell Bintulu
  • O.5 Sasol Chevron Project in Australia

P. Future of Gas to Liquids

Q. Appendix

R. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Control over Production of Remaining Commercial Reserves of Natural Gas
  • Figure 2: Hydrocarbon Value Hierarchy
  • Figure 3: GTL Capacity Projection
  • Figure 4: Gas-to-Products (GTP) Options
  • Figure 5: Existing and Planned GTL Plants Globally
  • Figure 6: Energy Consumption of the GTL & Refinery Based System (TJ)
  • Figure 7: Energy Consumption of the GTL & Refinery Based System
  • Figure 8: Comparison of GTL-FT Barrel vs. Conventional Barrel
  • Figure 9: The Three Major Processes Involved in Converting Natural Gas into Syncrude
  • Figure 10: The Rentech Process
  • Figure 11: Sasol Slurry Process
  • Figure 12: Estimated Profit for Maximum and Minimum Wax Configuration (in USD per Barrel), 2015-2040
  • Figure 13: Life Cycle GHG Contributions of Refinery System Compared to the GTL System
  • Figure 14: GHG Contributions for GTL Fuel, Conventional Diesel & Ultra-Low
  • Figure 15: GHG Contributions for GTL Fuel, Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel in Comparison
  • Figure 16: Integrated GTL Capital Cost Breakdown
  • Figure 17: Energy Issues in the Process
  • Figure 18: Acidification Contributions of GTL
  • Figure 19: Comparing Acidification Contributions of GTL Fuel, Conventional Diesel & Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel
  • Figure 20: Photo-Oxidant Creation Contributions of GTL
  • Figure 21: Particulate Emissions of GTL vs. Refinery Based System
  • Figure 22: Basic GTL Flow Scheme
  • Figure 23: Indicative GTL Process Cost Breakdown
  • Figure 24: Bulk Material Quantities
  • Figure 25: GHG Contributions
  • Figure 26: Projected Potential Efficiency Improvements
  • Figure 27: Gas Liquefaction Process
  • Figure 28: Gas to Liquids FT Process
  • Figure 29: Breakdown of LNG Capital Costs
  • Figure 30: Capital Cost Breakdown of GTL
  • Figure 31: Tail Pipe Emissions GTL versus LNG
  • Figure 32: GTL Capacity Projection
  • Figure 33: Strategic Plan for GTL
  • Figure 34: Developing GTL Technologies
  • Figure 35: The Fischer Tropsch Process
  • Figure 36: Overview of GTL
  • Figure 37: Synthesis Gas: Feedstocks and Products
  • Figure 38: Water-Gas Shift
  • Figure 39: Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis
  • Figure 40: Fischer-Tropsch Reaction Network
  • Figure 41: Slurry Reactor for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

List of Tables

  • Table 1: System Definitions for Life Cycle Assessment Studies
  • Table 2: Technical Comparison between GTL and LNG
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