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運輸用燃料電池市場の分析

Analyzing Transportation Fuel Cells

発行 Aruvian's R'search 商品コード 195617
出版日 ページ情報 英文 130 Pages
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運輸用燃料電池市場の分析 Analyzing Transportation Fuel Cells
出版日: 2011年05月01日 ページ情報: 英文 130 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、自動車などの運輸用の燃料電池の開発状況に関する最新の調査・分析結果を取りまとめ、これまでの経緯、促進要因と技術的・経済的障害、詳細な技術動向、今後の市場展望、主要開発企業・関連企業の概要などの情報を盛り込み、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

エグゼクティブ・サマリー

イントロダクション

  • 運輸業:歴史的展望
  • 燃料電池の開発:初期の努力
  • 運輸用燃料電池:成長過程
  • 燃料電池:将来用途の拡大

燃料電池開発の促進要因

  • 温室効果
  • 大気の状況に関する立法上の注目
  • 化石燃料の減少
  • 国際的な騒乱の経済的影響
  • 消費者の採用と選好
  • MTBEとガソリンとのつながりの消失
  • 逆方向の統合:V2G (vehicle to Grid) 発電

燃料電池の本格的活用への制約

  • 費用
  • 走行距離の限界
  • エネルギー生成から使用までの効率のパラメーター
  • 燃料補充インフラの物理的制約
  • 広範な技術標準の欠如
  • 安全性

燃料電池の技術的基礎

  • 燃料電池の基礎
  • 燃料電池の基本的部品
  • 設計
  • 技術進歩の現状:燃焼式エンジンとの競合
  • 主な技術的障害
  • 各技術間の熾烈な競争
    • 電気(プラグイン式・ハイブリッド)
    • 天然ガス
    • プロパンガス
    • エタノール
    • メタノール
    • ディーゼル
  • 燃料電池の価格:他の技術方式との比較

燃料電池の適用分野

  • 航空宇宙
  • 軽荷重用
  • 中・重荷重用
  • 軍事用
  • その他
  • 鉄道

燃料電池の経済的指標

  • システム・アプリケーション・コスト
  • 内燃機関エンジンの費用 vs. 燃料電池の費用
  • 再充電費用
  • 生成から利用までのエネルギー費用の比較
  • 政府による支援策:インセンティブ付与と投資

市場の可能性

  • 現在の市場普及率:用途別
  • 用途別の潜在的市場予測

主要な燃料電池開発企業

  • Anuvu
  • Astris Energi
  • Ballard
  • Beijing Fuyuan Fuel Cell Group
  • Cellex Power
  • Hydrogenics
  • Intelligent Energy
  • Morgan Fuel Cells
  • Nuvera
  • Plug Power

関連する自動車企業

  • Audi
  • BMW
  • DaimlerChrysler
  • Fiat
  • Ford
  • GM
  • 本田技研
  • Hyundai
  • マツダ
  • 三菱自動車
  • 日産自動車
  • Peugeot
  • スズキ
  • トヨタ自動車
  • Volkswagen

付録

用語集

目次

Abstract

The advent of gasoline-based transportation and the rapid progression of an industry across the globe which has kept on coming up with thousands of models and vehicle variants but not serious looked at an alternative fuel till yet has brought about industry wide concern and the realignment of time and resources to achieving the objective of a cleaner efficient and environmentally compliant fuel. All in order that the sustenance of the transport industry can be ensured as well as justified with building public concern. The demographics of the transport industry can be seen as about 75% of the total fuel consumption is used to fuel highway vehicles, such as cars, trucks, and buses. In addition, highway vehicles are responsible for over 60% of the carbon monoxide emissions and about 20% of greenhouse gas emissions. These figures combined with recent environmental upsurges in the decades have led to the hunt for a fuel source in vehicles which will achieve multiple objectives of: reducing dependency on imported fuel thereby improving national energy security as well as reduce harmful emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases.

As is often quoted "Necessity is the mother of all Inventions", fuel cells have met both the standards of urgent necessity as well as ground breaking invention in this scenario. Many types of Fuel Cell driven prototypes have been unveiled in the past few years wherein Chicago and Vancouver have led the way in introducing Fuel Cells in public transportation as well with trials on buses, trains etc; these initiatives have inspired other cities in North America and Europe to test options of such vehicles in the near future.

The coming decades will see realization of depletion fossil fuel reserves and growing awareness of long term environmental damages caused by incessant usage of such fuels; this will in turn lead the development focus of fuel cells for transport as well as stationary power applications.

However, the rosy picture also presents challenges that should be cleared by every technology before commercialization. Challenges such as cost competitiveness, infrastructure feasibility, power density, efficiency, mileage, cost reduction, component integration, complexity reduction, and increasing safety are the factors which will need to be met in the future to boost the market for fuel cells.

Aruvian' s R' search' s report - Analyzing Transportation Fuel Cells - focuses on the development, feasibility and overall success rate for the introduction of fuel cells as the primary power source in the transportation industry wherein it presents the right credentials to become the fuel of the future and gradually substitute the usage of gasoline in the transportation industry.

The report presents a historical perspective on the identification of transportation as a societal necessity with developing economies and some of the early efforts on fuel cell technology development. These studies have been tabulated in the report to present a perspective on the current as well as extended applications in the transport industry which the fuel cells present in the future.

The reasons or the "need factors" which are driving the demand for the development of fuel cell technologies legislative or resource depletion projections, along with the constraints to the widespread usage of fuel cells as noticed currently are also explained in this report.

The report then delves in detail into the basics of a fuel cell, its basic components and the various fuel cell designs as are being put to test and implementation by various industry participants. The inter technology competition offered to Fuel Cell Technologies along with comparative analysis of FCT with other conventional technologies and the key technical challenges that the technology is facing are examined in this report in detail.

The report also categorizes the transport applications of Fuel Cells along with the economic parameters of Fuel Cell Technology being applied in commercial perspective backed by the government' s role to support this technology through investment and legislation.

Aruvian' s report presents a present and future outlook on the penetration of the Fuel Cells by application in industry usage and a profiling of the major fuel cell developers globally. The report provides a complete and comprehensive position of the Fuel Cell Technology and whether it can prove its credentials to the transportation industry to bring about widespread and far reaching changes to the environmental map of the world.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction

  • B.1 Transportation - Historical Perspective
  • B.2 Development of Fuel Cells - Early Efforts
  • B.3 Transportation Fuel Cells - Growth Phase
  • B.4 Fuel Cells - Extended Future Applications

C. Fuel Cell Development Initiators

  • C.1 The Greenhouse Effect
  • C.2 Legislative Focus on Quality of Air
  • C.3 Diminution of Fossil Fuels
  • C.4 Economic Impacts of International Disturbances
  • C.5 Customer Adoption and Preferences
  • C.6 Expiry of MTBE - Gasoline Linkages
  • C.7 Reverse Integration - V2G Power

D. Constraints to Widespread Fuel Cell Usage

  • D.1 Cost
  • D.2 Vehicle Range Capacity Limitation
  • D.3 Well to Vehicle Efficiency Parameters
  • D.4 Physical Limitation of Fuelling Infrastructure
  • D.5 Absence of Wide Ranging Standards
  • D.6 Safety

E. Technical Basis of Fuel Cells

  • E.1 Fuel Cell Basics
  • E.2 Basic Components of Fuel Cells
  • E.3 Fuel Cell Designs
  • E.4 Current Technology Progression - Competing with the Combustion Engine
  • E.5 Major Technical Roadblocks
  • E.6 Cannibalistic Technological Competition
    • E.6.1 Electric (Plug-In and Hybrid)
    • E.6.2 Natural Gas
    • E.6.3 Propane
    • E.6.4 Ethanol
    • E.6.5 Methanol
    • E.6.6 Diesel
  • E.7 How Fuel Cell Fares to Competing Technological Comparison

F. Categorical Transportation applications of Fuels Cells

  • F.1 Aerospace
  • F.2 Light-Duty
  • F.3 Medium- and Heavy-Duty
  • F.4 Military
  • F.5 Other
  • F.6 Rail

G. Economic Parameters of Fuel Cells

  • G.1 System Application Costs - Fuel Cells
  • G.2 ICE Costs vs. Fuel Cells Costs
  • G.3 Refueling Costs
  • G.4 Well-to-Wheel Cost Comparison
  • G.5 Incentivization and Investment to Support Role of the Government

H. Market Potential

  • H.1 Present Day Market Penetration by Application
  • H.2 Market Potential Forecast by Application

I. Major Fuel Cells Developers

  • I.1 Anuvu
  • I.2 Astris Energi
  • I.3 Ballard
  • I.4 Beijing Fuyuan Fuel Cell Group
  • I.5 Cellex Power
  • I.6 Hydrogenics
  • I.7 Intelligent Energy
  • I.8 Morgan Fuel Cells
  • I.9 Nuvera
  • I.10 Plug Power

J. Automotive Companies involved in the Industry

  • J.1 Audi
  • J.2 BMW
  • J.3 DaimlerChrysler
  • J.4 Fiat
  • J.5 Ford
  • J.6 GM
  • J.7 Honda
  • J.8 Hyundai
  • J.9 Mazda
  • J.10 Mitsubishi
  • J.11 Nissan
  • J.12 Peugeot
  • J.13 Suzuki
  • J.14 Toyota
  • J.15 Volkswagen

K. Appendix

L. Glossary of Terms

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