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米国のオイルシェール市場

Analyzing the US Oil Shale Market

発行 Aruvian's R'search 商品コード 166728
出版日 ページ情報 英文 146 Pages
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米国のオイルシェール市場 Analyzing the US Oil Shale Market
出版日: 2013年03月01日 ページ情報: 英文 146 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、米国のオイルシェール市場を調査分析し、オイルシェールに関する基本的な情報や、米国のオイルシェール産業の動向をまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします、

エグゼクティブサマリー

オイルシェールを理解する

  • オイルシェールとは?
  • オイルシェールの歴史
  • オイルシェールの地質学
  • オイルシェールの等級
  • オイルシェールの用途
  • オイルシェールに含まれる有機物
  • オイルシェールの熱成熟
  • オイルシェール開発の長短
  • 予測されるオイルシェールの発展規模

オイルシェール産業

米国オイルシェール産業を分析する

  • 米国におけるオイルシェールの歴史
  • 米国のオイルシェール埋蔵量
  • 研究開発の道筋
  • 民間の産業イニシアチブ

規制の枠組みを分析する

  • 立法の歴史
  • 連邦および州の方策

米国オイルシェール産業の成長ファクター

  • 上昇する石油価格
  • エネルギー安全保障
  • 経済的利点
  • 雇用ファクター

米国オイルシェール産業成長の障壁

  • 資源を求める競争
  • 供給と処分
  • 処理問題
  • 使用済み土地の荒廃
  • 技術問題
  • 大気汚染
  • 水質汚染
  • 温室効果ガスの排出
  • 採算上のリスク
  • インフラ問題

オイルシェール精製技術

  • イントロダクション
  • 歴史背景
  • オイルシェールの精製法
  • オイルシェールの乾留
  • 熱伝導による現場変換
  • 合成燃料生産
  • 坑内採鉱

環境への影響に着目する

  • イントロダクション
  • 露天採掘および乾留法
  • 大気汚染
  • 温室効果ガスの排出
  • 現場処理

オイルシェールの採算性を考察する

  • イントロダクション
  • 上昇する石油価格
  • オイルシェールへの投資
  • エネルギー利用率に基づくオイルシェールの現実性
  • 水利用率に基づくオイルシェールの現実性
  • 生産コスト
  • 技術のコスト
  • 連邦所有地の貸与
  • 建設コスト

将来展望:世界のオイルシェール市場

  • 概観
  • 将来的土地利用の問題への取り組み
  • オイルシェール開発と大気環境
  • 温室効果ガスの排出低減

事例研究:米国のオイルシェールとアルバータ州のタールサンドを比較する

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付録

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目次

Abstract

The term oil shale generally refers to any sedimentary rock that contains solid bituminous materials (called kerogen) that are released as petroleum-like liquids when the rock is heated in the chemical process of pyrolysis. Oil shale was formed millions of years ago by deposition of silt and organic debris on lake beds and sea bottoms. Over long periods of time, heat and pressure transformed the materials into oil shale in a process similar to the process that forms oil; however, the heat and pressure were not as great. Oil shale generally contains enough oil that it will burn without any additional processing.

While oil shale is found in many places worldwide, by far the largest deposits in the world are found in the United States in the Green River Formation, which covers portions of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming. Estimates of the oil resource in place within the Green River Formation range from 1.2 to 1.8 trillion barrels. Not all resources in place are recoverable; however, even a moderate estimate of 800 billion barrels of recoverable oil from oil shale in the Green River Formation is three times greater than the proven oil reserves of Saudi Arabia.

Aruvian's R'search presents an analysis of the US oil shales market. Aruvian's research report Analyzing the US Oil Shale Market analyzes the basics of oil shales and the US oil shale industry.

The report starts by explaining the basics about oil shales, what are oil shales, the geology of oil shales, formation of oil shales, and of course, the applications of oil shales. The advantages and disadvantages of oil are also discussed in the first section, along with the projected scale of oil shale development.

Moving on, we analyze the US oil shale industry, wherein the Green River Formation and the Devonian Shales from the United States have been analyzed in depth.

We also explore the factors driving growth in the US oil shales industry such as the increase in oil prices, energy security, and economic benefits, amongst others. Challenges to the growth of the US oil shale market is also discussed in details. Issues such as economics of oil shales, supply and disposition factors, have been looked into in this section.

No report will be complete without an analysis of the oil shale extraction technologies and we explore the technological side of this industry, wherein we explain the processes of oil shale retorting, conventional refining, in-situ retorting, underground mining, synthetic fuel production, etc.

The environmental impact of oil shales and the economics of oil shales are further discussed in the report.

A clear differentiating and unique factor offered in Aruvian's report is a comprehensive case study that compares the US oil shales to the tar sands of Alberta, which equips the user with a more real time scenario of the industry.

We sum up with an analysis of the leading industry players such as American Shale Oil, Chevron Shale Oil Company, Oil Shale Exploration Company, and many others.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Understanding Oil Shales

  • B.1 What is an Oil Shale?
  • B.2 History of Oil Shales
  • B.3 Understanding Oil Shale Geology
    • B.3.1 Classification of Oil Shales
    • B.3.2 Composition of Oil Shales
    • B.3.3 How Oil Shales Form
  • B.4 Grading of Oil Shales
  • B.5 Applications of Oil Shales
  • B.6 Organic Matter in Oil Shales
  • B.7 Thermal Maturity of an Oil Shale
  • B.8 Pros & Cons of Developing Oil Shales
  • B.9 Projected Scale of Oil Shale Development

C. Oil Shale Industry

D. Analyzing the Oil Shale Industry in the United Statesv

  • D.1 History of Oil Shale in the US
  • D.2 US Oil Shale Reserves
    • D.2.1 Looking at the Great Green River Formation
      • D.2.1.1 Green River Basin
      • D.2.1.2 Piceance Basin
      • D.2.1.3 Washakie Basin
      • D.2.1.4 Uinta Basin
    • D.2.2 Looking at the Devonian Shales
  • D.3 Research & Development Scenario
    • D.3.1 Federal Initiatives
      • D.3.1.1 Department of the Interior
      • D.3.1.2 Department of Energy
      • D.3.1.3 Energy Policy Act of 2005
      • D.3.1.4 Ad Hoc Working Group
    • D.3.2 Private Industry Initiatives

E. Analyzing the Regulatory Framework

  • E.1 History of Legislatives
  • E.2 Federal and State Measures
    • E.2.1 Energy Policy Act 2005
    • E.2.2 Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR)
    • E.2.3 Oil Shale Task Force
    • E.2.4 DOE Fossil Energy Program
    • E.2.5 Governor's Energy Policy
    • E.2.6 DOE Synthetic Fuels Program
    • E.2.7 U.S. Synthetic Fuels Corporation
    • E.2.8 Defense Department Initiatives

F. Growth Factors for the US Oil Shale Industry

  • F.1 Rising Oil Prices
  • F.2 Energy Security
  • F.3 Economic Benefits
  • F.4 Employment Factors

G. Barriers to Growth for the US Oil Shale Industry

  • G.1 Competing for Resources
  • G.2 Supply and Disposition
  • G.3 Processing Issues
  • G.4 Disturbances in Land Used
  • G.5 Technological Issues
  • G.6 Air Pollution
  • G.7 Water Pollution
  • G.8 Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • G.9 Economic Risk
  • G.10 Infrastructure Hurdles

H. Oil Shale Extraction Technologies

  • H.1 Introduction
  • H.2 Historical Background
  • H.3 Shale Oil Extraction Process
  • H.4 Oil Shale Mining
  • H.5 Retorting of Oil Shale
    • H.5.1 In-Situ Retorting
  • H.6 Thermally Conductive In-Situ Conversion
    • H.6.1 Conventional Refining
  • H.7 Synthetic Fuel Production
  • H.8 Underground Mining

I. Looking at the Environmental Impact

  • I.1 Introduction
  • I.2 Surface Mining and Retorting Process
  • I.3 Air Pollution
  • I.4 Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • I.5 In-situ Processing

J. Considering the Economics of Oil Shales

  • J.1 Introduction
  • J.2 Rising Oil Prices
  • J.3 Investment in Oil Shales
  • J.4 Viability of Oil Shales based on Ratio of Energy Utilized
  • J.5 Viability of Oil Shales based on Ratio of Water Utilized
  • J.6 Production Cost
    • J.6.1 Capital Costs for Production of Oil
    • J.6.2 Plant Operating Costs
  • J.7 Costs of Technology
    • J.7.1 Surface Retorting
    • J.7.2 Thermally Conductive In-Situ Conversion
  • J.8 Leasing of Federal Lands
  • J.9 Construction Costs

K. Future Perspective: Global Oil Shales Market

  • K.1 Outlook
  • K.2 Tackling the Issue of Land Usage in the Future
  • K.3 Oil Shale Development and Air Quality
  • K.4 Lowering the Emissions of Greenhouse Gases

L. Case Study: Comparing US Oil Shale to Alberta Tar Sand

M. Leading Industry Contributors

  • M.1 American Shale Oil
  • M.2 Chattanooga Corporation
  • M.3 Chevron Shale Oil Company
  • M.4 EGL Resources, Inc.
  • M.5 Exxon Mobil Corporation
  • M.6 Independent Energy Partners
  • M.7 Mountain West Energy
  • M.8 Oil Shale Exploration Company
  • M.9 Shell Oil Company
  • M.10 Red Leaf Resources

N. Appendix

  • N.1 Figures & Tables

O. Glossary of Terms

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