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中国のバイオ燃料産業

Analyzing China's Biofuel Industry

発行 Aruvian's R'search 商品コード 164778
出版日 ページ情報 英文 325 Pages
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中国のバイオ燃料産業 Analyzing China's Biofuel Industry
出版日: 2014年12月05日 ページ情報: 英文 325 Pages
概要

バイオ燃料は、輸送部門において長い期間利用されてきました。その始まりは1970年代まで遡り、1980年代初頭には、原油価格の高騰によって多くの国々でかなりの量のバイオ燃料が生産、使用されましが、1980年代半ばに起こった原油価格の崩壊により、バイオ燃料の化石燃料に対する価格優位性が損なわれ、同技術に対する人々の興味は長い間失われていました。しかし、最近の原油価格の高騰により、特に化石燃料の多くを輸入に頼る国々がバイオ燃料に目を向け始めました。

当レポートでは、中国におけるバイオ燃料産業について分析しており、バイオディーゼル、バイオエタノール、バイオマス液化における動向や、主要企業のプロファイルなどを提供しています。

エグゼクティブサマリー

セクション1:バイオ燃料の理解

  • バイオ燃料とは
  • バイオ燃料の経済
  • バイオ燃料の影響
  • エネルギー産業とバイオ燃料の変質

セクション2:中国のエネルギー産業

  • 中国が抱えるエネルギー問題
  • 現実
  • 中国のエネルギー産業のイントロダクション

セクション3:中国のバイオ燃料産業

  • 中国におけるバイオ燃料発展の歴史的背景
  • バイオ燃料普及政策の分析
  • バイオ産業の政府による支配の役割

セクション4:中国におけるバイオディーゼルの分析

  • 中国におけるバイオディーゼルの分析
  • バイオマスの可用性と農業および林業における利用の潜在性
  • 副産物の分析
  • バイオディーゼルの経済、価格、競争力の分析
  • バイオディーゼル発展の障壁
  • ケーススタディ
  • 見通し

セクション5:中国におけるバイオエタノールの分析

  • 中国におけるバイオエタノールの分析
  • バイオマスの可用性と農業および林業における利用の潜在性
  • 副産物の分析
  • バイオエタノールの経済、価格、競争力の分析
  • バイオエタノールの利点の分析
  • バイオエタノール発展の障壁
  • ケーススタディ
  • エタノール燃料生産における発展要因
  • セルロースエタノールの分析
  • 見通し

セクション6:中国におけるバイオマス液化(BTL)の潜在性分析

  • BTLとは
  • 関連機関
  • バイオマスの可用性と潜在性
  • BTLの副産物
  • BTLの経済、価格、競争力の分析
  • BTLの観点

セクション7:中国におけるバイオ燃料産業の見通し

  • 中国のバイオ燃料産業と国家エネルギー政策
  • 液化バイオ燃料の政策の枠組み
  • バイオ燃料の持続可能性ターゲット
  • 中国のエネルギーシナリオとバイオ燃料の役割
  • 液化バイオ燃料の環境への影響
  • 社会経済の影響とバイオ燃料
  • マクロ経済の影響とバイオ燃料
  • 液化バイオ燃料の国際取引
  • 中国の国際取引におけるバイオ燃料の影響

セクション8:中国におけるバイオディーゼル産業のSWOT分析

セクション9:中国におけるバイオエタノール産業のSWOT分析

セクション10:主要企業の分析

付録

用語

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目次

Although biofuels are mainly used to replace or supplement the traditional petroleum-based transportation fuels, they can also be deployed to generate heat and electricity. Being an alternative to fossils, biofuels can be applied to existing vehicles with little or no engine modification. Although they release CO2 when burned in internal combustion engines, they differ from fossil fuels partly because their use reduces the net emission of carbon dioxide and other gases associated with global climate change and partly because they are biodegradable.

Biofuels have had a long history of use in the transport sector. This began in the 1970s and early 1980s when a substantial increase in biofuels production and use in many countries resulted from high oil prices. But biofuels became less competitive vis-à-vis fossil fuels after the collapse of oil prices in the mid-1980s, and global interest in biofuels for transport waned considerably in the 1990s and the first years of the 21st century.

The recent sustained increase in international oil prices has once again highlighted the potential for biofuels to contribute to transport fuel demand, particularly in countries that import the bulk of fossil fuel supplies. Global concerns about the effects of fossil fuel use on the environment, as well as recognition of the benefits of energy supply diversification also support increasing biofuels production and use.

There is a lot happening in the field of biofuels in China, and to capture these, Aruvian's R'search brings you the complete guide to the Chinese Biofuels Industry - Analyzing China's Biofuels Industry.

The report begins with an analysis of the basic know-hows one needs to be familiar with before starting on the fascinating journey of discovering the biofuels industry in China. The economics of biofuels, issues facing the industry, regulatory barriers as well as incentives, technologies involved, major types of biofuels, and many other topics are discussed in depth at the starting of the report.

Divided into eleven sections, Aruvian's report then moves on to Section 2, which analyzes the Chinese Energy Industry. From looking at the energy challenges facing the country to the macroeconomic drivers in China, and the rising demand for energy in the transportation sector, the section also takes a look at the various sectors of the energy industry such as oil, natural gas, electricity, coal, amongst others.

Section 3 is focused on the Chinese Biofuels Industry. History of the industry's development through the years, the biofuel diffusion policy in China, position of the biofuel policy in the Chinese renewable energy plan, the strategic implementation of the biofuel policy, and the dominating role of the Chinese government in the biofuels industry is analyzed in details in the report.

Section 4 is a complete analysis of the biodiesel industry in China. Market overview, statistics, R&D profile, production, and end-use technologies are just some of the points focused on in this section. A comprehensive analysis is carried out on the availability of biomass for biodiesel production and the potential use of these biomass sources in agriculture and forestry. Biomass sources such as Jatropha Curcas, Pistacia chinensis Bunge, Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge, and many others are discussed in this section. Seedcake and Glycerin are analyzed as the by-products. Markets and cost analysis of the by-products of biodiesel are something to watch out for in the report.

The economics, prices and competitiveness of biodiesel in China is touched upon, along with the benefits of biodiesel and the barriers facing the development of biodiesel in China.

The future of biodiesel till 2020 in terms of biodiesel demand and production potential is also included.

Section 5 moves on to analyzing the bioethanol industry in China. Market overview, statistics, end-use technologies, biomass such as sweet sorghum, cassava, sugarcane, etc., are analyzed in the section. By products, economics of bioethanol along with prices and competitiveness is also focused upon. Benefits of bioethanol in China and barriers facing the development of the bioethanol industry in China is also analyzed. A study of the use of cellulose ethanol in China is also explored in-depth.

Section 6 analyzes the potential of biomass to liquids in China. Availability of BTL in the country, potential of BTL, by-products, the economics, prices and competitiveness of BTL is analyzed in the section.

China's biofuel industry and the national energy policy is researched, along with the policy framework on liquid biofuels. China's energy scenario and the role of biofuels is another point researched in section 7.

Section 8 and 9 analyzes China's biodiesel and bioethanol industries in a SWOT Framework Analysis, while section 10 analyzes the leading industry contributors such as Anhui Fengyuan Petrochemical, Biolux, Henan Tianguan Group, etc. The section profiles ten industry players, thus concluding the report.

Grab a copy of this report and get up-to-date on A to Z of the Chinese Biofuels Industry.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Section 1: Understanding Biofuels

  • A. What are Biofuels?
    • A.1. History of Biofuels
    • A.2. Major Biofuels
    • A.3. Uses of Biofuels
    • A.4. What are Direct Biofuels?
    • A.5. Looking at Biobutanol
    • A.6. Looking at Ethanol & Biodiesel
      • A.6.1. Ethanol
      • A.6.2. Biodiesel
    • A.7. Pros & Cons of Biofuels
    • A.8. Future of Biofuels
  • B. Economics of Biofuels
    • B.1. Feedstock Costs
    • B.2. Processing Costs
    • B.3. Cost of Sales & Use
    • B.4. Overall Cost
    • B.5. Retail Cost & Tax Incentives
  • C. Impact of Biofuels
    • C.1. Policy Impact on Biofuels
    • C.1. Environmental & Economic Impact of Biofuels
    • C.1. Impact on Engines
    • C.1. Impact on Rural Development
  • D. Metamorphosis of the Energy Industry & Biofuels

Section 2: Looking at China's Energy Industry

  • A. Looking at the Energy Challenges Facing China
  • B. Looking at Some Facts
    • B.1. Macroeconomic Drivers in China
    • B.2. Rising Demand for Energy in the Transportation Sector
  • C. Introduction to China's Energy Industry
    • C.1. Overview of the Chinese Energy Industry
    • C.2. China's Oil Industry
      • C.2.1. Market Overview
      • C.2.2. Exploration & Production
      • C.2.3. Network of Pipelines
      • C.2.4. Downstream/Refining
    • C.3. China's Natural Gas Industry
      • C.3.1. Market Overview
      • C.3.2. Exploration & Production
      • C.3.3. Network of Pipelines
      • C.3.4. Liquefied Natural Gas in China
    • C.4. China's Coal Industry
    • C.5. China's Electricity Industry
      • C.5.1. Market Overview
      • C.5.2. Conventional Thermal Sources
      • C.5.3. Hydroelectricity

Section 3: China's Biofuels Industry

  • A. Historical Background of China's Biofuels Development
  • B. Analyzing the Biofuel Diffusion Policy
    • B.1. Position of Biofuel Policy in Renewable Energy Plan
    • B.2. Looking at the Strategic Implementation of the Biofuel Policy
    • B.3. Interim Law for Financial Support for the Development of Renewable Energy
    • B.4. Challenges for the Future
      • B.4.1. Enhancing the Production Capacity
      • B.4.2. Concerns with Technology Developments & Costs
      • B.4.3. Introducing International Cooperation related to Ethanol Fuel
      • B.4.4. Role of CNPC & Sinopec in the Development of Ethanol
    • B.5. Conclusion
  • C. Role of Government Domination in the Biofuels Industry
    • C.1. Overview
    • C.2. Government Dominating Production & Policy
    • C.3. Development of Ethanol Preferred over Biodiesel
    • C.4. Increase in Crude Oil Consumption
    • C.5. Corn Inputs for Ethanol
    • C.6. Developing Alternatives for Biofuels
    • C.7. Biodiesel Production Failing to Meet Demand
    • C.8. Very Limited Trade of Biofuels

Section 4: Analyzing Biodiesel in China

  • D. Analyzing Biodiesel in China
    • D.1. Overview
    • D.2. Major Actors Involved in the Industry
    • D.3. R&D in Biodiesel
    • D.4. Biodiesel Production & End-use Technologies
  • E. Availability of Biomass & Potential Use in Agriculture & Forestry
    • E.1. Overview
    • E.2. Jatropha Curcas L.
      • E.2.1. Overview of Jatropha Curcas L.
      • E.2.2. Uses of Jatropha Curcas L. Oil
      • E.2.3. Regions of Production
      • E.2.4. Major Actors
      • E.2.5. Financial Feasibility of Jatropha Curcas L.
      • E.2.6. Land Availability
      • E.2.7. Assessing the Overall Production Potential of Jatropha Curcas L.
    • E.3. Pistacia chinensis Bunge
      • E.3.1. Overview of Pistacia chinensis Bunge
      • E.3.2. Uses of Pistacia chinensis Bunge
      • E.3.3. Regions of Production
      • E.3.4. Major Actors
      • E.3.5. Financial Feasibility of Pistacia chinensis Bunge
      • E.3.6. Land Availability
      • E.3.7. Assessing the Overall Production Potential of Pistacia chinensis Bunge
    • E.4. Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge
      • E.4.1. Overview of Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge
      • E.4.2. Uses of Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge
      • E.4.3. Regions of Production
      • E.4.4. Land Availability
      • E.4.5. Assessing the Overall Production Potential of Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge
    • E.5. Cornus wilsoniana
      • E.5.1. Overview of Cornus wilsoniana
      • E.5.2. Uses of Cornus wilsoniana
      • E.5.3. Regions of Production
      • E.5.4. Land Availability
      • E.5.5. Assessing the Overall Production Potential of Cornus wilsoniana
    • E.6. Other Crops
      • E.6.1. Rape, Brassica napus
      • E.6.2. Soybean, Glycine max
      • E.6.3. Peanut, Arachis hypogaea
      • E.6.4. Sunflower, Helianthus annuus
      • E.6.5. Chinese Dwarf Cherry Seed, Cerasus humilis
      • E.6.6. Willow, Salix viminalis
      • E.6.7. Castor-oil plant, Ricinus communis L.
      • E.6.8. Tung tree, Aleuorites
      • E.6.9. Rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis
      • E.6.10. Oil Palm, Elaeis guineensis
      • E.6.11. Happy Tree, Euphorbia timcalli
      • E.6.12. Sepetir, Sindora maritima Pierre
      • E.6.13. Algae
    • E.7. Analysis of Other Feedstock
      • E.7.1. Agricultural Residues from the Cotton Industry
      • E.7.2. Waste Grease & Low-Grade Oils
  • F. Analyzing the By-Products
    • F.1. Seedcake
      • F.1.1. Overview
      • F.1.2. Major Actors Involved
      • F.1.3. Markets & Cost Analysis
    • F.2. Glycerin
      • F.2.1. Overview
      • F.2.2. Major Actors Involved
      • F.2.3. Markets & Cost Analysis
  • G. Analyzing the Economics, Prices & Competitiveness of Biodiesel in China
  • H. Analyzing the Benefits of Biodiesel in China
    • H.1. Energy Benefits
    • H.2. Environmental Benefits
    • H.3. Social & Economic Benefits
  • I. Barriers to the Development of Biodiesel in China
    • I.1. Restrictions on the Availability of Raw Materials
    • I.2. Issues with Transportation & Collection of Feedstock
      • I.2.1. Problems with Processing Technology
      • I.2.2. Marketing of Biodiesel
      • I.2.3. Lack of Overview for Grease Trap Waste Management
  • J. Case Study: Usage of Plant Oil
  • K. Future Perspective
    • K.1. Biodiesel Demand Scenario: 2020
    • K.2. Production Potential of Biodiesel: 2020

Section 5: Analyzing Bioethanol in China

  • A. Analyzing Bioethanol in China
    • A.1. Overview
    • A.2. Major Forces in the Industry
    • A.3. Bioethanol Production & End-use Technologies
  • B. Availability of Biomass & Potential Use in Agriculture & Forestry
    • B.1. Overview
    • B.2. Sweet Sorghum
      • B.2.1. Overview of Sweet Sorghum
      • B.2.2. Uses of Sweet Sorghum
      • B.2.3. Regions of Production
      • B.2.4. Major Actors Involved
      • B.2.5. Financial Feasibility of Sweet Sorghum
      • B.2.6. Benefits of Sweet Sorghum
      • B.2.7. Land Availability
      • B.2.8. Challenges in the Production of Sweet Sorghum & Uses in Bioethanol Processing
      • B.2.9. Assessing the Overall Production Potential of Sweet Sorghum
    • B.3. Cassava
      • B.3.1. Overview of Cassava
      • B.3.2. Uses of Cassava
      • B.3.3. Regions of Production
      • B.3.4. Major Actors Involved
      • B.3.5. Financial Feasibility of Cassava
      • B.3.6. Benefits of Cassava
      • B.3.7. Land Availability
      • B.3.8. Challenges in the Production of Cassava & Uses in Bioethanol Processing
      • B.3.9. Assessing the Overall Production Potential of Cassava
    • B.4. Sugarcane
      • B.4.1. Overview of Sugarcane
      • B.4.2. Uses of Sugarcane
      • B.4.3. Regions of Production
      • B.4.4. Major Actors Involved
      • B.4.5. Financial Feasibility of Sugarcane
      • B.4.6. Benefits of Sugarcane
      • B.4.7. Land Availability
      • B.4.8. Challenges in the Production of Sugarcane & Uses in Bioethanol Processing
      • B.4.9. Assessing the Overall Production Potential of Sugarcane
    • B.5. Other Agricultural Crops
      • B.5.1. Corn
      • B.5.2. Sweet Potato
      • B.5.3. Agricultural Waste
  • F. Analyzing the By-Products
    • F.1. Overview of the By-Products
    • F.2. Major Actors Involved
    • F.3. Markets & Cost Analysis
  • G. Analyzing the Economics, Prices & Competitiveness of Bioethanol in China
  • H. Analyzing the Benefits of Bioethanol in China
    • H.1. Energy Benefits
    • H.2. Environmental & Health Benefits
    • H.3. Social & Economic Benefits
  • I. Barriers to the Development of Biodiesel in China
    • I.1. Restrictions on the Availability of Raw Materials & Planting Technology
    • I.2. Issues Related to Availability of Manpower & Land
    • I.3. Problems with Processing Technology
    • I.4. Issues with Infrastructure
    • I.5. Marketing of Bioethanol
    • I.6. Cost Related Challenges & Competence of Bioethanol
  • J. Case Study: Usage of Bioethanol as a Fuel for Transport or as Stationary Fuel
  • K. Factors Driving the Development of Fuel Ethanol Production
  • L. Analyzing Cellulose Ethanol in China
    • L.1. The Appeal of Cellulose Ethanol
    • L.2. Cellulosic Resources for Ethanol in China
    • L.3. Case Study: Henan Province
    • L.4. Looking at the Economics of Cellulose Ethanol
    • L.5. Conclusion
  • M. Future Perspective
    • M.1. Bioethanol Demand Scenario: 2020
    • M.2. Production Potential of Bioethanol: 2020

Section 6: Analyzing the Potential of Biomass to Liquids (BTL) in China

  • A. What is BTL?
  • B. Major Actors Involved in the Process
  • C. Availability & Potential of Biomass
  • D. By-Products of BTL
  • E. Analyzing the Economics, Prices & Competitiveness of BTL
  • F. Viewpoint of BTL

Section 7: The Chinese Biofuel Industry in Perspective of...

  • A. Chinese Biofuel Industry & the National Energy Policy
  • B. Policy Framework on Liquid Biofuels
  • C. Sustainability Targets for Biofuels
    • C.1. Overview
    • C.2. Looking at Food Security
    • C.3. Looking at Energy Supply
  • D. China's Energy Scenario & Role of Biofuels
  • E. Impact of Liquid Biofuel on the Environment
  • F. Macroeconomic Impact & Biofuels
  • G. International Liquid Biofuel Trade
  • H. Impact of Biofuels on China's International trade

Section 8: SWOT Framework Analysis of Chinese Biodiesel Industry

  • A. Strengths to Build Upon
  • B. Weaknesses to Overcome
  • C. Opportunities to Exploit
  • D. Threats to Overcome

Section 9: SWOT Framework Analysis of Chinese Bioethanol Industry

  • A. Strengths to Build Upon
  • B. Weaknesses to Overcome
  • C. Opportunities to Exploit
  • D. Threats to Overcome

Section 10: Analyzing the Leading Industry Contributors

  • A. Anhui Fengyuan Petrochemical Ltd
  • B. Biolux
  • C. D1Energy Plc
  • D. Daimler Chrysler
  • E. Handan Gushan Olea Chemical Ltd
  • F. Henan Tianguan Group
  • G. Jilin Fuel Alcohol Company Ltd
  • H. Sichuan Gushan Oil & Fat Chemical Ltd
  • I. Wuxi Huahong Biofuel CO. Ltd
  • J. Zhenghe Bio-Energy Ltd

Section 11: Conclusion

  • A. Appendix
  • B. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Background Prices of Gasoline & Diesel
  • Figure 2: Oil Situation in China
  • Figure 3: Oil Production and Consumption in China, 1993-2015
  • Figure 4: Crude Oil Imports by Source, China, (%), 2013
  • Figure 5: Natural Gas Consumption & Production in China (in Trillion Cubic Feet), 2000-2012
  • Figure 6: Natural Gas Pipelines in China
  • Figure 7: Major Oil and Gas Pipelines in China
  • Figure 8: LNG Import Sources of China (%), 2012
  • Figure 9: Coal Consumption & Production in China (in billion short tons), 2000-2012
  • Figure 10: Installed Electricity Capacity by Fuel Type in China (%), 2012
  • Figure 11: Installed Electricity Capacity by Fuel Type in China (%), 2040
  • Figure 12: Introduction and Production of E10 Ethanol-mixed Gasoline in China
  • Figure 13: Ethanol Production Cost by Material
  • Figure 14: Configuration for Producing Ethanol from Grain Process
  • Figure 15: Flowchart for By-Products from Sorghum bicolor (L.) Cultivation for Bioethanol
  • Figure 16: Energy Balance of Bioethanol Production from Different Feedstock
  • Figure 17: Comparative Raw Exhaust Emission
  • Figure 18: Lifecycle Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Related to Different Types of Ethanol Feedstock
  • Figure 19: Authorized Fuel-Ethanol Plants in China
  • Figure 20: Compatibility of Existing Vehicles with Bioethanol-Gasoline Blend
  • Figure 21: Comparison of Yields of Different Biofuel
  • Figure 22: The World's Largest Producers of Ethanol (%), 2013
  • Figure 23: Biofuels: A Subset of Renewable Energy
  • Figure 24: Global Ethanol Production (%), 2013
  • Figure 25: Chinese Government-Designated Fuel Ethanol Production Plants
  • Figure 26: Regional Biofuels Drivers
  • Figure 27: Biofuels Immediate Value Chain
  • Figure 28: Relative Global Production Economics for Ethanol
  • Figure 29: Map of China's Provinces

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Biofuel Cost in 2012 in US$ per Liter
  • Table 2: EU Taxation Policy for Ethanol
  • Table 3: Estimates and Projections of Liquid Fuel Needs for China in 2030
  • Table 4: Oil Consumption in China (in Million Barrels), 2008-2013
  • Table 5: Refinery Projects in China
  • Table 6: Major LNG Import Terminals in China - Proposed & Current
  • Table 7: China's Medium to Long-Term Renewable Energy Development Plan
  • Table 8: Institutions Involved in R&D Related to Biodiesel
  • Table 9: Technologies for Biodiesel Production
  • Table 10: Comparing Fossil Diesel Oil to Jatropha curcas L Oil
  • Table 11: Distribution of Jatropha curcas L
  • Table 12: Distribution of Pistachia chinensis Bunge
  • Table 13: Distribution of Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge
  • Table 14: Distribution of Cornus wilsoniana
  • Table 15: Cerasus humilis (Bge.) Sok Seed's Fuel Properties
  • Table 16: Cost Comparison of Biodiesel Made from Different Raw Material
  • Table 17: Stationary Use of Fuels for Power Generation, Cooking and Heating
  • Table 18: Growth Scenario in Demand of Diesel as Transportation Fuel Through 2020
  • Table 19: Land Resources for Raw Material Plantation for Biodiesel Production
  • Table 20: Minimum Potential for Biodiesel from Main Oil Plants in 2020
  • Table 21: Total Potential for Biodiesel in 2020
  • Table 22: Institutions Involved in R&D Related to bioethanol
  • Table 23: China's Main Feedstock for Bioethanol Production
  • Table 24: Distribution of Sorghum bicolor
  • Table 25: Financial Feasibility Analysis for Sweet Sorghum
  • Table 26: Distribution of Cassava
  • Table 27: Cost-Benefit Analysis for Cassava Production
  • Table 28: Distribution of Sugarcane
  • Table 29: Economic Comparison between Crop and Crop Destination
  • Table 30: By-Products from Bioethanol Production
  • Table 31: Processing Costs of 100% Bioethanol Per Ton, Without Feedstock Purchase
  • Table 32: Cost Comparison of 95% Alc. Vol. Ethanol made from Different Raw Materials
  • Table 33: Cost Comparison for Stationary Use of Bioethanol for Power Generation, Cooking & Heating
  • Table 34: Estimated Annual Potential Production of Biomass for Energy in China by 2030, EJ/y
  • Table 35: Comparison of Conversion Yields of Corn Stover in China and US
  • Table 36: Major Differences between NREL and Mature Models
  • Table 37: Comparison of Process Economics in China and US
  • Table 38: Growth Scenarios in Demand of Gasoline as Transportation Fuel through 2020
  • Table 39: Land Resources of Energy Crops for Bioethanol Production (2020)
  • Table 40: Institutions Involved in BTL Research
  • Table 41: Summarized Facts on BTL
  • Table 42: Policies on the Development of Renewable Energies
  • Table 43: Major Policies on the First Level
  • Table 44: Major Policies on the Second Level
  • Table 45: Major Policies on the Third Level
  • Table 46: Characteristics of Environmental Policies and Regulations
  • Table 47: Energy and the Millennium Development Goals
  • Table 48: China's Oil Consumption Development and Forecast
  • Table 49: Energy Balance from a Case Study in Guangxi: Production of Sugarcane Biomass
  • Table 50: Energy Balance of Conversion
  • Table 51: Relative Contribution of Different Crops to Environmental Impacts on Soil and Water
  • Table 52: Forecasts for World Ethanol Market 2013
  • Table 53: Summary on Biodiesel Use in China - Present-day & 2020
  • Table 54: Summary on Bioethanol Use in China - Present-day & 2020
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