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抗生物質の置き換え:2018年

Animal Farm Antibiotic Replacements 2018

発行 Animal Pharm 商品コード 633122
出版日 ページ情報 英文 61 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=106.08円で換算しております。
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抗生物質の置き換え:2018年 Animal Farm Antibiotic Replacements 2018
出版日: 2018年05月02日 ページ情報: 英文 61 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、食品の抗生物質残留物や病原菌の抗生物質耐性といったリスクを背景とした、抗生物質の置き換え動向について調査し、抗生物質置き換えの促進因子、治療用途における抗生物質の削減動向、および業界の反応などについてまとめています。

エグゼクティブサマリー

第1章 抗生物質の現在の使用

  • 動物生産における抗生物質の作用機序
  • 動物に使用される抗生物質の市場規模

第2章 抗生物質の使用における問題

  • 食品における抗生物質残留物
  • 病原菌における抗生物質耐性
  • 食用動物への抗生物質使用に対する消費者の反応

第3章 抗生物質置き換えの成長促進因子

  • 飼料用酵素
  • プレバイオティクス
  • プロバイオティクス
  • シンバイオティクス
  • 有機酸
  • 植物化学物質

第4章 治療用途における抗生物質の置き換え

  • 飼料品質・栄養吸収
  • 免疫変調成分 (免疫賦活栄養剤)
  • 胃腸の健康の調節
  • 予防接種

第5章 抗生物質の置き換えに対する業界の反応

  • 乳牛
  • 抗生物質削減プログラム
目次
Product Code: 89855

The widespread use of antibiotics in animal production causes two important problems.

Firstly, there is the risk that antibiotic residues may be found in human food and secondly, is the development of antibiotic resistance in pathogenic micro-organisms. There is pressure from both Governments and consumers on the animal production industry to reduce antibiotic use.

This 50 page report specifies ways in which growth promoters and therapeutic antibiotics are being reduced across the industry.

Table of Contents

Contents

Executive Summary

Chapter 1: Current Use of Antibiotics

  • 1.1. Mode of Action of Antibiotics in Animal Production
    • 1.1.1. Growth Promotion
    • 1.1.2. Antibiotics for Disease Prevention
    • 1.1.3. Therapetic Use
  • 1.2. Market Size of Antibiotics used in Animals

Chapter 2: Problems of Antibiotic Usage

  • 2.1. Antibiotic Residues in Food Products
  • 2.2. Antibiotic Resistance in Pathogenic Bacteria
  • 2.3. Consumer Response to Antibiotic Use in Food Animals

Chapter 3: Replacement of Antibiotic Growth Promoters

  • 3.1. Feed Enzymes
    • 3.1.1. Poultry
    • 3.1.2. Pigs
  • 3.2. Prebiotics
    • 3.2.1. Poultry
    • 3.2.2. Pigs
  • 3.3. Probiotics
    • 3.3.1. Poultry
    • 3.3.2. Pigs
    • 3.3.3. Cattle
  • 3.4. Synbiotics
  • 3.5. Organic Acids
    • 3.5.1. Poultry
    • 3.5.2. Pigs
  • 3.6. Phytochemicals
    • 3.6.1. Poultry
    • 3.6.2. Pigs
    • 3.6.3. Cattle

Chapter 4: Replacement of Therapeutic Use of Antibiotics

  • 4.1. Feed Quality and Nutrient Absorption
    • 4.1.1. Feed Quality
    • 4.1.2. Nutrient Absorption
  • 4.2. Immune Modulating Agents (Immunonutrition)
    • 4.2.1. Egg Yolk Antibodies
      • 4.2.1.1. Poultry
      • 4.2.1.2. Pigs
      • 4.2.1.3. Cattle
    • 4.2.2. Carotenoids
    • 4.2.3. Spray-Dried Animal Plasma
      • 4.2.3.1. Poultry
      • 4.2.3.2. Pigs
    • 4.2.4. Colostrum
  • 4.3. Modulation of Gastrointestinal Health
    • 4.3.1. Probiotics
      • 4.3.1.1. Poultry
      • 4.3.1.2. Pigs
      • 4.3.1.3. Cattle
    • 4.3.2. Predatory Bacteria
    • 4.3.3. Prebiotics
      • 4.3.3.1. Poultry
      • 4.3.3.2. Pigs
      • 4.3.3.3. Cattle
    • 4.3.4. Antioxidants
    • 4.3.5. Bacteriophages
    • 4.3.6. Antimicrobial Peptides
    • 4.3.7. Inhibitors of Pathogens
      • 4.3.7.1. Quorum Sensing Inhibitors
      • 4.3.7.2. Biofilm Inhibitors
    • 4.3.8. Copper and Zinc
    • 4.3.9. Clay Minerals
    • 4.3.10. Glutamine
      • 4.3.10.1. Poultry
      • 4.3.10.2. Pigs
  • 4.4. Vaccination

Chapter 5: Industry Response to Replacement of Antibiotics

  • 5.1. Poultry
  • 5.2. Pigs
  • 5.3. Dairy Cows
  • 5.4. Programmes for Antibiotic Reduction
    • 5.4.1. farmantibiotics.org
    • 5.4.2. ruma.org.uk
    • 5.4.3. Commercial Companies

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Overall sales of antibiotics in the EU
  • Table 2: Average daily gain difference (%) between animals raised with and without antibiotics as growth promoters
  • Table 3: Maximum residue limits (MRL) for selected antibiotics in food products in the EU
  • Table 4: Influence of a probiotic and antibiotics on broiler performance at 5 weeks of age
  • Table 5: A probiotic can replace an antibiotic growth promoter in broilers
  • Table 6: Effect of a synbiotic and a probiotic on broiler performance
  • Table 7: Characteristics of organic acids used in feeds
  • Table 8: Formic acid as a growth promoter in piglets from 6-12 kg liveweight
  • Table 9: Comparison of a phytochemical product with an antibiotic product on pig performance
  • Table 10: Effect of garlic on the performance of weaned piglets
  • Table 11: Effect of Ochratoxin A and Salmonella typhimurium on broiler performance over 21 days
  • Table 12: Effect of encapsulation of egg yolk antibodies on the incidence of diarrhoea in pigs challenged with E. coli
  • Table 13: Effect of dietary lutein on total plasma carotenoids and on the immune response
  • Table 14: Effect of an antimicrobial peptide (MccJ25) on growth and incidence of diarrhoea in weaned pigs over 28 days
  • Table 15: Activity of potentiated glycerol liquid against biofilms. Data are fluorescence/well obtained after resazurin-based viability staining. A lower signal means less surviving cells
  • Table 16: Amount of oxytetracycline used in pigs vaccinated or not vaccinated against Lawsonia intracellularis which causes ileitis
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