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低温・高温超電導ワイヤーの世界市場・技術・競合企業 2015-2020年:MRIの先にある電気機器および核融合電力

Low And High Temperature Superconductor Wire: Beyond Magnetic Resonance Imaging To Electrical Equipment And Then Fusion Power - Global Markets, Technologies and Competitors: 2015-2020 Analysis And Forecasts

発行 Amadee & Company, Inc. 商品コード 346433
出版日 ページ情報 英文 323 Pages
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低温・高温超電導ワイヤーの世界市場・技術・競合企業 2015-2020年:MRIの先にある電気機器および核融合電力 Low And High Temperature Superconductor Wire: Beyond Magnetic Resonance Imaging To Electrical Equipment And Then Fusion Power - Global Markets, Technologies and Competitors: 2015-2020 Analysis And Forecasts
出版日: 2015年12月08日 ページ情報: 英文 323 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、世界の超電導市場について詳細に調査し、産業の概要、低温・高温超電導ワイヤーのアプリケーション、MRIスキャナーへの応用とMRI技術・市場、および次世代の超電導ワイヤー向け商業アプリケーションなどについて、分析しています

コンテンツ

エグゼクティブサマリー

イントロダクション

  • レポートの目的
  • 調査手法と情報源
  • 統計に関する注釈

超電導:科学・技術・産業概要

  • 最初の発見
  • 超電導を説明する3つのパラメーター
  • 超電導の100年を超える歴史:時代別
  • 科学と発見の時代
  • 技術と革新の時代
  • 起業家精神の時代
  • 製品と利益の時代
  • 新しい材料・用途の時代
  • 産業統合の時代
  • 将来の超電導技術、ほか

超電導体市場

  • 超電導体の目的
  • 市場区分
  • 既存のアプリケーション
  • 新興のアプリケーション
  • 新興の大規模アプリケーション
  • 新興の電子アプリケーション
  • 市場:既存アプリケーション別
  • 市場:新興アプリケーション別
  • 低温超伝導体 vs. 高温超伝導体アプリケーション
  • MRI以外の機会、ほか

超電導ワイヤー市場

  • LTSおよびHTSの定義
  • 産業アプリケーションで用いられている超伝導体の特徴
  • 低温超伝導体
  • マトリクス材としての銅
  • 技術的超超電導の製造フロー
  • NbTi導体の一般的な設計
  • Nb3Sn (青銅) 導体の一般的な設計
  • Nb3Sn (内部スズ) 導体の一般的な設計
  • NbTi vs. Nb3S の特徴
  • NbTi の製造プロセス、ほか

磁気共鳴画像診断 (MRI) 市場

  • MRIの概要
  • MRIの技術
  • MRIの商品化された超電導
  • 磁気強度測定
  • MRI磁石の種類
  • 抵抗磁石MRIのメリット/デメリット
  • 永久磁石MRIのメリット/デメリット
  • 超電導磁石MRIのメリット/デメリット
  • MRIは超電導材料の大部分を使用
  • 電界強度、ほか

高温超電導のユーティリティ市場

  • HTSの導入障壁
  • 削減されるべきHTSワイヤーコスト
  • HTS装置のアプリケーション
  • ケーブル
  • 3軸ケーブル
  • 変圧器
  • 限流器
  • モーター・発電機
  • 超電動磁気エネルギー貯蔵 (SMES)
  • ユーティリティが利用可能な超電導製品の市場、ほか

核融合、超電導、ITER (国際熱核融合実験炉) プロジェクト および発電市場

  • 無限に近いエネルギーの約束
  • 超電導、主要なイネーブリング技術
  • 2050年までに2倍の電力が必要
  • ITERは最大の超電導プロジェクト
  • 持続可能なエネルギーシステムの必要性
  • 将来の世界の人口
  • 将来の世界の電気エネルギー要件
  • エネルギー需要が著しく成長する予測
  • 利用可能な燃料の比エネルギー
  • エネルギー問題の規模、ほか

企業プロファイル

図表

目次

Superconductivity-the absence of electrical resistance in certain materials at very low temperatures-continues to be of great scientific, technological and commercial interest. The purpose of Superconductors is to generate high magnetic fields. And in terms of magnetic fields, Superconductors rule.

It has been 104 years since the initial discovery of superconductivity in 1911. Since then, only one, major commercial application has developed: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in the 1980s. Even so, MRI along with other superconductor applications has developed into a global market worth billions.

A renaissance of superconductivity applications could appear in the next 3-7 years (2018-2023) and will be based not on incremental progress in the existing technologies but rather on a radical breakthrough in a different, highly attractive and rapidly growing industries, including clean energy and electric power equipment.

The primary focus of this report is Superconductor Wire-both Low Temperature and High Temperature. Superconductor Wire is what makes Superconductivity applications possible.

The secondary focus of this report is on applications for Superconductor Wire. The major application for Superconductor Wire to date is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners. MRI technologies and markets are thus examined in detail in this report.

The question is: what will be the next generation commercial applications for Superconductor Wire? At present, the new applications are thought to be electrical equipment and nuclear fusion power. So, both these technologies and potential markets are discussed in detail in this report.

Included in the report are detailed analyses of:

  • Global Market For Superconductivity: Existing vs. Emerging Applications by Type and Low Temperature vs. High Temperature Superconductors.
  • Global Market for Low Temperature and High Temperature Superconductor Wire.
  • Global Superconductor Wire Market by Application.
  • Producers of Low Temperature and High Temperature Superconductor Wire.
  • Low Temperature and High Temperature Superconductor Wire Sales and Market Shares by Producer.
  • Global MRI Market, Metrics and Producers.
  • Global Market for Utility Equipment Including Cables, Medium and High Voltage Transformers, Medium and High Voltage Switchgear and Motors.

The report also includes comprehensive evaluations of:

  • The Seven Eras in Superconductor Technology.
  • Existing and Emerging Superconductor Applications.
  • Low Temperature Superconductor vs. High Temperature Superconductor Applications
  • Opportunities Beyond MRI.
  • Utilities Markets for High Temperature Superconductors.
  • Future World Electric Energy Requirements.
  • Nuclear Fusion and Superconducting Tokamaks.
  • ITER Project: Conductor Procurement Companies, Procurement Costs by Product, Conductor Costs, LHC Conductor Costs.
  • Installed Cost Goals for Fusion Power and the Global Power Generation Market.
  • Fusion Entrepreneurs: Private Sector Companies Doing Fusion Power R&D and Capital Investments in These Companies.

Additionally, profiles of 24 leading foreign and U.S. Superconductor wire manufacturers are given, along with 30 tables and 115 figures.

Table of Contents

CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION

  • Report Objectives
  • Methodology and Sources
  • Statistical Notes

SUPERCONDUCTIVITY: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

  • Original Discovery
  • Three Parameters Describing Superconductors
  • 100+-Year History of Superconductivity by Era
  • Era of Science and Discovery (1908-1961)
  • Era of Technology and Innovation (1962-1970)
  • Era of Entrepreneurship (1971-1981)
  • Era of Products and Profits (1982-1990)
  • Era of New Materials and Applications (1991-2003)
  • Era of industry Consolidation (2004-2007)
  • Future of Superconductivity Technology
  • Kondratiev Waves and Technology Innovation
  • Superconductivity Technology Waves
  • Bust Phase of Technology Cycle
  • Electrical Equipment and Fusion Energy

SUPERCONDUCTOR MARKET

  • Purpose of Superconductors
  • Market Segments
  • Existing Applications
  • Emerging Applications
  • Emerging Large-Scale Applications
  • Emerging Electronic Applications
  • Market by Existing Applications
  • Market by Emerging Applications
  • Low Temperature Superconductor vs. High Temperature Superconductor Applications
  • Opportunities Beyond MRI
  • Problems with HTS
  • Government Projects Will Fund HTS
  • Need for Young Minds

SUPERCONDUCTOR WIRE MARKET

  • LTS and HTS Definitions
  • Properties of Superconductors Used in Industrial Applications
  • Low Temperature Superconductors
  • Copper as a Matrix Material
  • Production Flow for Technical Superconductors
  • General Design of NbTi Conductor
  • General Design of Nb3Sn (Bronze) Conductor
  • General Design of Nb3Sn (Internal Tin) Conductor
  • Properties NbTi vs. Nb3Sn
  • NbTi Manufacturing Process
  • LTS Present Applications
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
  • High Energy Physics
  • Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES)
  • Nuclear Fusion
  • Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer II (AMS II)
  • Other Applications
  • High Temperature Superconductors and Magnet Technology
  • Magnesium Diboride
  • MgB2-based MRI Magnets
  • MgB2 Conductor Developments
  • Columbus Superconductors PIT Technique
  • MgB2 Challenges Remain
  • OpenSky 0.5 T MgB2 MRI Scanner
  • Development of HTS Conductors
  • HTS Critical Parameters
  • HTS Conductor Cost
  • Stress Limitations
  • Reliable Manufacturing
  • Persistent Joints
  • Quench Protection
  • YBCO Conductor Manufacturers
  • HTS YBCO Challenges
  • YBCO Unlikely in MRIs
  • First HTS MRI Scanner
  • HTS Commercial Development Requirements
  • Realization of Commercial HTS Industry
  • LTS vs. HTS Price Trends
  • Global Superconductor Wire Market
  • Low and High Temperature Superconductor Wire Markets
  • Superconductor Wire Market by Application
  • Competitive Environment

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING MARKET

  • MRI Overview
  • MRI Technology
  • MRI Commercialized Superconductivity
  • Magnet Strength Measure
  • Types of MRI Magnets
  • Advantages/Disadvantages of Resistive-Magnet MRIs
  • Advantages/Disadvantages of Permanent-Magnet MRIs
  • Advantages/Disadvantages of Superconducting-Magnet MRIs
  • MRI Uses Majority of Superconducting Materials
  • Field Strength
  • Advantages of Higher Field MRIs
  • Challenges / Disadvantages / Limitations of Higher-Field MRIs
  • Lower Field Scanners Fading Away
  • 3 Tesla Scanners Now Predominant
  • Changing Definition of High Field
  • Magnet Shape and Orientation
  • Design Issues
  • Open Vs. Cylindrical Systems
  • Magnet Design
  • Compactness and Accessibility
  • Uniformity and Persistence
  • Stray Magnetic Field and Shielding
  • Refrigeration
  • NbTI vs. HTS Conductors
  • Magnesium Diboride Magnets
  • Global MRI Production: 2015-2020
  • Upside Limits on MRI Production
  • Global MRI Production by Type: 2015
  • Superconducting Components Share of MRI Production
  • Global MRI Installed Base
  • U.S. MRI Installed Base by Type
  • Cylindrical Vs. Open Installed Systems
  • Bore Size in New Installations
  • U.S. MRI Site Budgets for Systems
  • MRI Procedures Done in the U.S. Annually
  • U.S MRI Procedures Done Compared to Other Countries
  • U.S. Sites Where MRI Procedures Are Performed
  • U.S. MRI Procedures by Study
  • MRI Procedures by Site
  • MRI Scanners by Site
  • MRI Producer Market Shares
  • MRI Site Purchase Plans by System Type
  • MRI Site Purchase Plans by Producer
  • MRI System Global Producers
  • Superconducting MRI Magnet Producers
  • Japan MRI Market
  • China MRI Market
  • Russia MRI Market

UTILITIES MARKETS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS

  • HTS Barriers to Adoption
  • HTS Wire Cost Must Be Reduced
  • HTS Equipment Applications
  • Cable
  • Triaxial Cable
  • Transformers
  • Fault Current Limiters
  • Motors and Generators
  • Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES)
  • Utilities Available Market for Superconductor Products
  • Global Utility Cable/Lines Market
  • Global Superconducting Cable Market
  • Global Utility Transformer Market
  • Global Fault Current Limiter Market
  • Global Utility Switchgear Market
  • Global Utility Motors Market
  • Sakura Internet DC Power Transmission Project
  • Sakura Cable Manufactured by SEI
  • Superconducting Cable and DC Transmission Reduce Power Consumption by 30%
  • New Addressable Market
  • Technical Issues

NUCLEAR FUSION, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, ITER PROJECT AND POWER GENERATION MARKETS

  • Promise of Near Limitless Energy
  • Superconductivity the Key Enabling Technology
  • Twice as Much Power Needed by 2050
  • ITER Is the Largest Applied Superconductivity Project
  • Sustainable Energy System Needed
  • Future World Population
  • Future World Electric Energy Requirements
  • Huge Growth In Energy Demand Forecast
  • Specific Energy of Available Fuels
  • Scale of the Energy Problem
  • Future Power Requirements Needed
  • Carbon-Free Energy Sources
  • Nuclear
  • Carbon Sequestration
  • Renewables
  • Sustainable Energy Policies
  • Nuclear Power
  • Fusion vs. Fission Reactions
  • Nuclear Fusion
  • Nuclear Fusion Fuels
  • Nuclear Fusion Products
  • Nuclear Fusion Reactor
  • Challenges of Fusion
  • Plasma Confinement
  • Tokamaks
  • Conventional vs. Superconducting Tokamaks
  • Advantages of Superconductivity
  • Drawbacks of Superconductivity
  • Superconducting Fusion Machines
  • Superconductor Materials Development
  • Superconducting Wire Production
  • ITER Project Overview
  • Project Management
  • ITER Site Construction
  • ITER Tokamak and Magnet System
  • Feeders
  • Largest Superconducting Magnet Built
  • ITER Magnet System Supply
  • ITER Conductors Overview
  • TF and CS Conductors
  • Conductor Manufacture
  • Jacketing Lines
  • Quality Assurance, Quality Control and ITER Conductor Database
  • Features of ITER TF Coils
  • Conductor Production Status
  • ITER HTS Leads
  • ITER Conductor Procurement Companies
  • ITER Procurement Costs by Product
  • ITER Conductor Costs
  • ITER Conductor Costs vs. LHC Conductor Costs
  • Installed Cost Goals for Fusion Power
  • Global Power Generation Market
  • Private Sector Companies Doing Fusion Power R&D
  • Fusion Entrepreneurs
  • Capital Going to Private Sector R&D

COMPANY PROFILES

  • Advanced Conductor Technologies
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, CORC cables, Fusion HTS Cables)
  • Allegheny Technologies Incorporated
    • (Company Overview, Electrical Energy Products, Superconductivity)
  • American Superconductor Corporation
    • (Company Overview, Wind. Grid, HTS YBCO Wire, Resilient Electric Grid Systems, REG Cable, Ship Protection Systems, Fault Current Limiters, FACTS System, Superconductor Core Technologies, Customers, Competition Wind and Grid, HTS Patents, Legal Issues, Financials)
  • ASG Superconductors SpA
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity)
  • Bruker Corporation
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, NMR Competitive Environment, Superconducting Wire Competitors, Financial)
  • CAN SUPERCONDUCTORS
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Products)
  • Companhia Brasileira de Metalurgia e Mineração S.A.
    • (Company Overview, Secret Process, Niobium Powder, Brazil's Richest Family)
  • Deutsche Nanoschicht GmbH
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology JV)
  • Grid Logic
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Superconducting Nanocomposites, Core/Shell Particle and Sensitive Material Powders, Nanostructured Materials, 3D Printing Using Any Metal or Metal Matrix Composite, 3D Printing Using Metal or Metal Matrix Composites)
  • Hyper Tech Research, Inc
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, CTFF Process, Nb3Sn Wire)
  • Japan Superconductor Technology, Inc
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Superconducting Wire, ITER Coils, 1 GHz NMR Wire, Future NMR Magnets, Superconducting Magnet Record, Customers)
  • Luvata Pori OY
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, MRI, CERN, ITER, CEA Saclay)
  • Metal Oxide Technologies Inc
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Modified MOCVD)
  • Nexans SA
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Superconducting Materials, Superconducting Magnetic Bearings, HTS Current Leads, Magnetic Shielding, Superconducting Helical Coils, Superconducting Cable Systems, Superconducting Fault Current Limiters)
  • Oxford Instruments plc
    • (Company Overview, Operating Segments, Industrial Products, Superconductivity, Nb-Ti/Resistive Matrix Wire, Nb3Sn/Distributed Barrier Wire, Nb-Ti/Wire in Channel Superconducting Wire, Nb-Ti/Copper Matrix Monolith Superconducting Wire, Advanced Superconductors, BSCCO - 2212 Conductors, Technology Support)
  • SH Copper Products Co. Ltd.
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Technologies, High Purity Oxygen Free Copper, Hydrostatic Extrusion, Cabling, Aluminum Stabilized Conductor, R&D Activity, R&D Activity, Mass Production Process of Wires and Cables, Products, ITER)
  • Structured Materials Industries
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Facilities, Clients, Superconducting MOCVD Projects, Superconductor Subcontractor Capabilities)
  • Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, BSCCO Wire, HTS DC Cable Project in Russia, AmapaCity HTS Cable Project)
  • SuNam Co., Ltd.
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, 2G Wire, Production Process, Korean Government Coated Conductor Project, Technology Development Strategy and Goals)
  • Superconductor Technologies, Inc.
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, HTS Conductus® Wire, Low-Cost HTS Coated Conductor, Solution Deposition Planarization, Ion Beam Assisted Deposition, Slitting and Template Sizing, Reactive Co-evaporation and Cyclic Deposition Reaction, Finishing and Shipping, Strategy, Target Markets, HTS Wire Platform, Superconducting High Power Transmission Cable,
  • Superconducting Fault Current Limiter, Superconducting Rotating Machines-Motors and Generators, Superconducting High Field Magnets, Robinson Research Institute, New Record for Current Handling, Financial)
  • SuperOx
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Technology Profile, 2G HTS Wire Architecture, Moscow Operations, Japan Operations, Applications, 2G HTS Wire Blocks for Magnetic Levitation, Superconducting Cables, Accelerator Magnets)
  • SuperPower Inc.
    • (Company Overview, Furukawa Electric Purchase, Superconductivity, Manufacturing Facilities, Value Proposition, 2G HTS Wire Architecture, Layer Functions, Recent Step-Wise Improvements, New initiatives, Bonded Tapes, Cable Configurations, Insulation Options, Pricing)
  • TVEL Fuel Company
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, Products, ITER)
  • Western Superconducting Technologies Co., Ltd
    • (Company Overview, Superconductivity, NbTi and Nb3Sn Wires, ITER)

TABLES

  • 1. Global Market For Superconductivity: Existing vs. Emerging Applications by Type and Low Temperature vs. High Temperature Superconductors: ($ Million): 2015-2020
  • 2. Properties NbTi vs. Nb3Sn
  • 3. Parameters of the ASG MgB2 Magnet Used in the Paramed OpenSky MRI System
  • 4. Low Temperature and High Temperature Superconductor Wire Prices by Critical Temperature and Type ($/kA-m): 2015
  • 5. Global Market for Superconductor Wire ($ Million, Million Meters, Average Selling Price in $/kA-m): 2015-2020
  • 6. Global Market for Low Temperature and High Temperature Superconductor Wire ($ Million): 2015-2020
  • 7. Global Superconductor Wire Market by Application ($ Million): 2015-2020
  • 8. Producers of Low Temperature and High Temperature Superconductor Wire: 2015
  • 9. Low Temperature Superconductor Wire Sales and Market Shares by Company ($ Million): 2015
  • 10. Typical Parameters of Cylindrical MRI Magnets
  • 11. Requirements To MRI Magnets
  • 12. Global MRI Production Volume (Units), Value ($ Million), Average Selling Price ($/Unit): 2015-2020
  • 13. Global MRI Production Volume by Type (Units), Value ($ Million), Average Selling Price ($/Unit): 2015
  • 14. Superconducting Components Share of 1.5 T and 3+ T MRI Production ($ Million): 2015
  • 15. U.S. MRI Scanner Installed Base by Type: 2013-2020
  • 16. MRI System Producers: 2015
  • 17. Global Market for Utility Medium- and High-Voltage Utility Cables and Lines ($ Million): 2015-2020
  • 18. Global Market for Utility Medium and High Voltage Transformers ($ Million): 2015-2020
  • 19. Global Market for Utility Medium and High Voltage Switchgear ($ Million): 2015-2020
  • 20. Global Market for Utility Motors ($ Million): 2015-2020
  • 21. World Energy Intensity: 1900-2000
  • 22. World Energy Intensity: 1980-2030
  • 23. World Renewable Energy Resources By Type (TW)
  • 24. ITER Procurements by Product, Procurement Type, Investment (kIUA) and Country
  • 25. ITER Conductor And Magnets Procurement Costs by Type (kIUA)
  • 26. Large Hadron Collider Conductors and Components Costs by Type (CHF Million
  • 27. Global Installed Costs for Coal, Gas, Nuclear, Hydroelectric and Renewable Power Generation Plants ($/MW): 2015-2020
  • 28. Global Power Generation Equipment Market by Product Class Including Coal, Gas, Nuclear, Hydroelectric, Renewables ($ Billion): 2015-2019
  • 29. American Superconductor Income Statement: 2011-2014
  • 30. Superconducting Technologies Inc. Income Statement: 2010-2014

FIGURES

  • 1. Superconducting Region
  • 2. Production Flow for Technical Superconductors
  • 3. Luvata OK 55 NbTi Conductor for NMR Cross-Section
  • 4. Luvata OKSn 11600 Conductor Cross-Section
  • 5. Nb3Sn Formation
  • 6. Luvata Fusion Type Conductor Cross-Section
  • 7. NbTi Manufacturing Process
  • 8. Phase I of NbTi Wire Manufacture: Mono
  • 9. Mono NbTi Rods: 25mm - 2.5mm
  • 10. Phase II of NbTi Wire Manufacture: Multi
  • 11. MRI System and LTS Conductors
  • 12. NMR System and LTS Conductors
  • 13. LTS Conductors for High Energy Physics
  • 14. View of CERN LHC Tunnel 100 Meters Below the Earth's Surface Showing Superconducting Magnets Inside the Tubes
  • 15. Compact Myon Solenoid (CMS) Is One of Two Large General Purpose Particle Physics Detectors on LHC
  • 16. LHC Compact Myon Solenoid (CMS) Conductors
  • 17. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) Nb-Ti Conductors
  • 18. International Thermonuclear Experiment Reactor (ITER) and NbTi and Nb3Sn Conductors
  • 19. Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer II and NbTi Conductors
  • 20. Input Cooling Power in Per Cent of Requirements at 4.2 K Vs. Temperature of LTS, MgB2, HTS
  • 21. MgB2 Wire Manufactured in Various Configurations
  • 22. Paramed OpenSky MRI Scanner
  • 23. Development of HTS 2G Wire: 1985-2014
  • 24. Development of HTS 2G Wire by Country: 2006-2017
  • 25. HTS Throughput Variables
  • 26. Price for 2G HTS Conductor (Euro/1000 kAm): 2014-2019
  • 27. Price vs. Cost for HTS Conductor (Euro/1000 kAm): 2014-2019
  • 28. Cross-Section of a Traditional Cylindrical MRI Scanner and Its Components (Multi-coil Design)
  • 29. Patient Comfort and Compactness
  • 30. Typical Coil Configuration of A Cylindrical Actively Shielded MRI Magnet
  • 31. Progress in MRI Refrigeration Technology
  • 32. MRI Exams Performed Per Thousand Population by U.S. Vs. OECD Various Countries: 2014
  • 33. Triad Cable Components
  • 34. HTS Triaxial Cables
  • 34. LS Cable 22-kV Triad Cable
  • 35. InnoPower 220-kV Fault Current Limiter
  • 36. History Of World Energy Production By Source Type (EJ/Year): 1900-2010
  • 37. Shares of Various Energy Sources In World Energy Production, Showing Energy Transitions (%): 1900-2010
  • 38. Projections Of Energy Demand And Supply: 1970-2100
  • 39. Specific Energy Of Large-Scale Fuels
  • 40. Power Units: The Terawatt Challenge
  • 41. Global Energy Consumption By Source (TW): 2001
  • 42. Global Energy Reserves And Resource Base By Type and Conventional vs. Unconventional in Exa Joules
  • 43. Global Primary Power Use By Source And Year (TW): 1990-2050
  • 44. Nuclear Requirements to Get 10 TW Of Power
  • 45. 1 GW (Electric) or 3 GW (Thermal) Annual Production Requirements by Fuel Source
  • 46. Fission and Fusion Nuclear Reactions
  • 47. Nuclear Fusion Reaction
  • 48. Nuclear Fusion Fuels
  • 49. Nuclear Fusion Products
  • 50. Nuclear Fusion Reactor
  • 51. Challenges of Fusion
  • 52. Plasma Confinement
  • 53. Tokamaks
  • 54. Conventional vs. Superconducting Tokamaks
  • 55. Large Superconducting Magnet Systems
  • 56. Large Cryostat Systems
  • 57. Superconducting Fusion Machines
  • 58. Superconducting Materials and Their Critical Current Density
  • 59. Superconducting Wire Production
  • 60. ITER Parties Procurement Allocations
  • 61. ITER Site Construction
  • 62. ITER Tokamak Schematic
  • 63. ITER Tokamak Scale
  • 64. ITER Magnet System
  • 65. ITER Feeder System
  • 66. ITER Magnet Suppliers by Type and Country
  • 67. ITER Strand Zoo: Conductors by Type and Suppliers
  • 68. Main Steps of ITER CICC Manufacture
  • 69. ITER Strand Production by Company and Country
  • 70. ITER Jacketing Lines Around the World
  • 71. ITER Conductor QA/QC Flow Diagram
  • 72. ITER Strand Production Status by Type (Tonnes)
  • 73. ITER TF Strand Billet Weight Distribution by Country
  • 74. Companies by Country Contributing to ITER Conductor Procurement
  • 75. Proximity Effect Magnesium Diboride-Based ScNc Particles
  • 76. Japan Superconducting Technology Superconducting Wire Products Specs
  • 77. Japan Superconducting Technology ITER Nb3Sn Wire
  • 78. Japan Superconducting Technology NMR Superconducting Wire Products
  • 79. Oxford Instruments Nb-Ti/Wire in Channel Superconducting Wire
  • 80. SH Copper Products Hydrostatic Extruder and the Principle of Hydrostatic Extrusion
  • 81. SH Copper Products Nb3Sn Cables
  • 82. SH Copper Products Aluminum Stabilized NbTi Cables
  • 83. SH Copper Products Internal Tin Nb3Sn Wires RHQT Processed and JR Nb3Al Wires
  • 84. SH Copper Products Mass Production Process of Wires and Cables
  • 85. SH Copper Products Rectangular NbTi Wires
  • 86. SH Copper Products Round and Rectangular Nb3Sn Wires
  • 87. SH Copper Products Aluminum Stabilized NbTi Conductor Process
  • 88. Hitachi Metals Nb3Sn Wire and Cable Products for ITER
  • 89. Range of Elements that Structured Materials Industries' MOCVD Technology Has or Can Produce
  • 90. Structured Materials Industries MOCVD Tools
  • 91. Structured Materials Industries Analytic Capabilities
  • 92. Structured Materials Industries Clients
  • 93. SuNam 2G Wire Specifications Table
  • 94. Cross-Section of SuNam Superconducting Wire
  • 95. SuNam 2G Wire Architecture
  • 96. SuNam 2G Wire Production System
  • 97. SuNam RHEED Vision System
  • 98. SuNam RCE Vision System
  • 99. SuNam Coated Conductor Goals
  • 100. SuNam HTS Revenue and Capex Goals
  • 101. SuNam HTS Product and Price Goals: 2014-2019
  • 102. Conductus® Wire Materials
  • 103. Conductus® Solution Deposition Planarization
  • 104. Conductus® Ion Beam Assisted Deposition
  • 105. Conductus® Reactive Co-evaporation and Cyclic Deposition Reaction System
  • 106. SuperOx Technology Profile: 2006-2015
  • 107. SuperOx 2G HTS Tape Architecture
  • 108. SuperOx 2G HTS Tape Applications
  • 109. SuperOx 2G HTS Wire Blocks for Magnetic Levitation
  • 110. Furukawa History in Low Temperature Superconductors
  • 111. SuperPower Manufacturing Facilities
  • 112. SuperPower (RE)BCO Superconductor Architecture
  • 113. SuperPower Bonded Tapes Production
  • 114. SuperPower Cable Configurations
  • 115. 69 kV FCL Transformer High Voltage Module
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