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農薬・総合的病害虫管理 (IPM:Integrated Pest Management)

Agrow Pesticides Integrated Pest Management

発行 AGROW 商品コード 657080
出版日 ページ情報 英文 78 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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農薬・総合的病害虫管理 (IPM:Integrated Pest Management) Agrow Pesticides Integrated Pest Management
出版日: 2018年06月05日 ページ情報: 英文 78 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、世界の主な地域・国における総合的病害虫管理 (IPM:Integrated Pest Management) 政策・戦略について調査し、IPMの導入推進因子・抑制因子の分析、生物学的作物保護の各種手法、IPMにおける化学品利用の動向、主要地域における政策とIPMの導入動向、産業動向と参入企業、将来の展望などをまとめています。

背景

エグゼクティブサマリー

イントロダクション

  • IPMの推進因子
  • IPM対策パッケージの設計
  • IPMパッケージの実装
  • IPMの影響分析

第2章 生物学的作物保護

  • 生物学的作物保護の各種タイプ
    • 益虫
    • 微生物
      • 細菌
      • 真菌
      • ウイルス
      • 線虫
    • 天然製品
      • ニーム油 (アザジラクチン)
      • 除虫菊抽出物
      • その他
    • 情報化学物質

第3章 化学品とIPM

  • IPMにおける化学品利用
  • 噴霧タイミング
  • 主な化学品
    • イミダクロプリド
    • エスフェンバレレート
    • ピリミカルブ
    • インドキサカルブ
    • ジフルベンズロン
    • ピメトロジン
    • ブプロフェジン
    • シロマジン
    • メトキシフェノジド
    • クロラントラニリプロール
    • その他
  • 塩基性物質
    • キトサン塩酸塩
    • 粘土状炭
    • 水酸化カルシウム
    • リン酸二アンモニウム
    • フルクトース
    • 過酸化水素
    • ビール

第4章 政策・導入動向

  • 政策:国別
    • 北米
      • 米国
      • カナダ
    • 欧州
      • 英国
      • ブルガリア
      • クロアチア
      • キプロス
    • 近東
      • イラン
      • トルコ
      • ヨルダン
    • アジア・アフリカ
      • FFS (Farmer Field Schools)
      • インドネシア
      • インド
      • 中国
      • ネパール
      • 西アフリカ

第5章 IPM産業

  • 生物学的作物保護産業
    • 微生物製造業者
    • 益虫
    • 天然製品
    • 情報化学物質
  • 農薬大手の参入
    • Syngenta
    • Bayer

第6章 カノーラとベルタアーミーワーム (米国)

  • IPMの対応

第7章 タジキスタンにおける小麦

  • 害虫の問題
  • IPMの対応
  • 影響評価

第8章 バングラデシュにおけるナス・ひょうたん

  • 害虫の問題
  • IPMの対応
  • 影響評価
  • 導入

第9章 ケニアにおけるマンゴー

  • 害虫の問題
  • IPMの対応
  • 影響評価

第10章 IPMの展望

  • フィールドワークベースのアクション
  • 技術ベースのアクション

第11章 サマリー

第12章 付録

目次
Product Code: 89856

‘Agrow Pesticides Integrated Pest Management’ report explores how integrated pest management (IPM) policies and strategies are being implemented across different countries and regions.

It also discusses the drivers and barriers to IPM adoption and the pesticides used. Detailed within are government IPM policies, the companies actively involved in the IPM segment, and the trends in R&D.

Table of Contents

Contents

Executive Summary

Introduction

  • 1.1. Drivers of IPM
  • 1.2. Designing a package of IPM measures
    • 1.2.1. Understanding pest and host biology
    • 1.2.2. Establishing an action threshold
    • 1.2.3. Developing a set of recommended measures
      • Preventative cultural measures
      • Biological crop protection
      • Habitat manipulation
  • 1.3. Implementing an IPM package
    • 1.3.1. Damage and pest identification
    • 1.3.2. Scouting
    • 1.3.3. Implementing measures
    • 1.3.4. Evaluation and recording of results
  • 1.4. Assessing the impacts of IPM

Chapter 2: Biological crop protection

  • 2.1. Types of biological crop protection
    • 2.1.1. Beneficial insects
    • 2.1.2. Microbial
      • Bacteria
      • Fungi
      • Viruses
      • Nematodes
    • 2.1.3. Natural products
      • Neem oil (Azadirachtin)
      • Pyrethrum extract
      • Other commercial natural products
    • 2.1.4. Semiochemicals

Chapter 3: Chemicals and IPM

  • 3.1. Chemical use in IPM
  • 3.2. Spray timing
  • 3.3. Selective chemicals used in IPM
    • Imidacloprid
    • Esfenvalerate
    • Pirimicarb
    • Indoxacarb
    • Diflubenzuron
    • Pymetrozine
    • Buprofezin
    • Cyromazine
    • Methoxyfenozide
    • Chlorantraniliprole
    • Other selective chemicals
  • 3.4. Basic substances
    • Chitosan hydrochloride
    • Clayed charcoal
    • Calcium hydroxide
    • Diammonium phosphate
    • Fructose
    • Hydrogen peroxide
    • Beer

Chapter 4: Policy and adoption

  • 4.1. Policies by country
    • 4.1.1. North America
      • USA
      • Canada
    • 4.1.2. Europe
      • UK
      • Bulgaria
      • Croatia
      • Cyprus
    • 4.1.3. Near East
      • Iran
      • Turkey
      • Jordan
    • 4.1.4. Asia and Africa
      • Farmer Field Schools
      • Indonesia
      • India
      • China
      • Nepal
      • West Africa
    • 4.1.5. Communication, diffusion and adoption

Chapter 5: The IPM industry

  • 5.1.1. The biological crop protection industry
    • Microbial manufacturers
    • Beneficial insects
    • Natural products
    • Semiochemicals
  • 5.1.2. Involvement of the agrochemical majors
    • Syngenta
    • Bayer

Chapter 6: Bertha armyworm in US Canola

  • The IPM response

Chapter 7: Wheat in Tajikistan

  • Pest problems
  • The IPM response
  • Impact assessment

Chapter 8: Aubergine and gourd in Bangladesh

  • Pest problems
  • The IPM response
  • Impact assessment
  • Adoption

Chapter 9: Mango in Kenya

  • Pest problems
  • IPM response
  • Impact assessment

Chapter 10: The future of IPM

  • 10.1. Fieldwork-based actions
  • 10.2. Technology-based actions

Chapter 11: Summary

Chapter 12: Annex

  • 12.1. Acronyms
  • 12.2. Tobacco and IPM
  • 12.3. Sugarcane in Pakistan
  • 12.4. Push-pull biological control used in IPM
  • 12.5. Data tables on biologicals

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Cases of aphid chemical resistance, 1996 - 2016
  • Figure 2: The economic injury level concept (EIL)
  • Figure 3: Equation for calculating an EIL
  • Figure 4: The action threshold (AT)
  • Figure 5: The IPM Pyramid showing available measures and their compatibility
  • Figure 6: Examples of intercropping
  • Figure 7: Placing of water-sensitive paper on plants
  • Figure 8: Examples of good water coverage, excessive run-off and non-uniform coverage
  • Figure 9: Response of predator densities in a soybean field with surrounding vegetation
  • Figure 10: Effect of beetle banks on beetle populations in cropping systems
  • Figure 11: Diagram of bio-bed layers (tobacco)
  • Figure 12: Example scouting patterns
  • Figure 13: Scouting timings of pests in blueberry
  • Figure 14: Depiction of economic threshold in practical terms
  • Figure 15: Global biological CP market ($ million, 2010-2016)
  • Figure 16: Examples of parasitoid beneficial insects
  • Figure 17: Effect of Sericothrips release (number) on Ulex europaeus control (%)
  • Figure 18: "Tricho cards" used to release Trichogramma insects
  • Figure 19: The effect of Beauveria bassiana insecticide on European corn borer
  • Figure 20: Chrysanthemum harvest used for extraction of pyrethrum
  • Figure 21: Toxicity of natural product insecticides on whitefly (% mortality)
  • Figure 22: Pheromone traps and pheromone disruption
  • Figure 23: Optimal timing of spray applications in IPM
  • Figure 24: Results of IPM survey in Jordan (%)
  • Figure 25: A typical Farmer Field School
  • Figure 26: IPM awareness training for schoolchildren in India
  • Figure 27: Net income on Chinese cotton production with and without IPM
  • Figure 28: Suggested use of methods and media for the diffusion of IPM
  • Figure 29: Extension meeting in Nepal, 2002
  • Figure 30: Continuum from conventional pest control to IPM
  • Figure 31: Bertha armyworm life stages
  • Figure 32: Unitrap to monitor bertha armyworm
  • Figure 33: A Sunn pest on wheatcorn
  • Figure 34: IPM impact on wheat yield (kg/plot)
  • Figure 35: Main aubergine growing districts in Bangladesh (million tonnes)
  • Figure 36: Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) growth stages
  • Figure 37: Aubergine damage caused by eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB)
  • Figure 38: Reported cases of Lepidoptera Pyralidae chemical resistance each year
  • Figure 39: A EFSB sex pheromone-kept aubergine field showing correct height
  • Figure 40: Pheromone trap spacing in a gourd field
  • Figure 41: Percentage change in production costs and profitability (IPM, Bangladesh)
  • Figure 42: Functions of the Augmentorium
  • Figure 43: Mango revenue less cost of input (Ksh/acre)
  • Figure 44: Push-pull strategies

List of Tables

  • Table 1: US crop losses from insects (%)
  • Table 2: Definitions of measurable IPM impacts (International Potato Centre)
  • Table 3: IPM systems recommending use of imidacloprid
  • Table 4: IPM systems recommending use of esfenvalerate
  • Table 5: IPM systems recommending use of pirimicarb
  • Table 6: IPM systems recommending use of indoxacarb
  • Table 7: IPM systems recommending use of diflubenzuron
  • Table 8: IPM systems recommending use of pymetrozine
  • Table 9: IPM systems recommending use of buprofezin
  • Table 10: IPM systems recommending use of cyromazine
  • Table 11: IPM systems recommending use of methoxyfenozide
  • Table 12: IPM systems recommending use of chlorantraniliprole
  • Table 13: Measures used by IPM farmers (USA)
  • Table 14: DAFF (Canada) IPM projects 2017
  • Table 15: Available IPM guides in Bulgaria
  • Table 16: Countries involved in FAO programme GTFS/REM/070/ITA
  • Table 17: Frequencies of obstacles to IPM adoption in developing countries
  • Table 18: M&A activity in the biopesticide industry (2010-2017)
  • Table 19: Source countries of beneficial insects imported to India
  • Table 20: Bayer products
  • Table 21: EILs for bertha armyworm in canola
  • Table 22: Recommended IPM measures developed for bertha armyworm in Canola (USA)
  • Table 23: IPM measures explored for wheat (Tajikistan)
  • Table 24: Recommended IPM measures developed for EFSB in Aubergine (Bangladesh)
  • Table 25: Recommended IPM measures developed in mango (Kenya)
  • Table 26: Acronyms
  • Table 27: Economic thresholds for key tobacco insect pests
  • Table 28: Yield losses from important sugarcane insect pests
  • Table 29: Recommended IPM measures developed for sugarcane (Pakistan)
  • Table 30: Economics of biological crop protection
  • Table 31: Instructions on release of beneficial insects
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