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樹幹注入技術:2018年

Agrow Trunk Injection Technology 2018

発行 AGROW 商品コード 633125
出版日 ページ情報 英文 70 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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樹幹注入技術:2018年 Agrow Trunk Injection Technology 2018
出版日: 2018年04月20日 ページ情報: 英文 70 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、果樹園、森林、および都市樹木を保護する目的で樹木の維管束組織へ直接製剤を注入する樹幹注入技術および市場について調査し、技術の概要、樹木の病害虫、主な注入成分と製剤、地域別の市場、および樹木種類別の市場に関する詳細な分析を提供しています。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 樹幹注入技術

第3章 樹木の病害・害虫

  • 病害
  • 樹幹注入で扱う樹木の病気
  • 樹幹注入で扱う害虫

第4章 注入成分・製剤

  • 注入殺虫剤
  • 殺菌剤
  • 抗生物質:オキシテトラサイクリンカルシウム
  • 生物農薬 (バイオ農薬)
  • 植物成長調整剤
  • 新規の樹幹注入製剤

第5章 樹幹注入市場

  • 北米
  • 欧州
  • 中東・アフリカ
  • 中米・ラテンアメリカ

第6章 業界情報

  • 北米の樹幹注入専門企業
  • 世界の樹幹注入専門企業
  • 農薬大手

第7章 農業果樹における樹幹注入

  • 林檎
  • アボカド
  • 柑橘類
  • ヤシ (ナツメヤシ、ココナッツ、油ヤシ)
  • ココア
  • マカダミアナッツ
  • ブドウ

第8章 サマリー

目次
Product Code: 89841

Although the trunk injection industry is relatively small, it is showing positive growth. Companies are looking to supply fungicides, insecticides, fertilisers and plant growth regulators (PGRs) in formulations which can be injected directly into the vascular tissue of trees to better protect orchards, forests, and urban trees.

About the author:

Charles Dean is a research consultant based in Paris who covers the crop protection, agricultural, forestry, energy and waste industries, as well as wider planetary resource sustainability issues. He has written several previous reports for Agrow on crop protection markets.

Table of Contents

Contents

Executive Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Trunk injection technologies

Chapter 3: Tree abiotic disorders, diseases and pests

Chapter 4: Injectable ingredients & formulations

Chapter 5: Trunk injection markets

Chapter 6: Industry information

Chapter 7: Trunk injection in agricultural fruit trees

1. Introduction

  • 1.1. Trunk anatomy
  • 1.2. Tree physiology and flow rates
  • 1.3. Tree classifications
    • Angiosperms (hardwoods)
    • Gymnosperms (softwoods)
    • Palms
  • 1.4. Trunk injection timeline
    • In history
    • Commercial use
  • 1.5. Injection guidelines
    • Tree health
    • Injection position
    • Timing
    • Number of injection ports
  • 1.6. Benefits and potential of trunk injection
    • Efficient use of chemicals
    • Efficacy over traditional application methods
    • Environmental benefits
    • Residual activity
    • Other uses of trunk injection
  • 1.7. Limitations
    • Duration of application
    • Limited number of formulations
    • Tree wounding

2. Commercial trunk injection systems

  • 2.1. Methods of trunk interface
    • 2.1.1. Plug interfaces
    • 2.1.2. No-plug interfaces
    • 2.1.3. No-drill interfaces
  • 2.2. Methods of administering chemical
    • 2.2.1. Macro-injection systems
      • Gravity systems
      • Low pressure macro-injection (< 60 PSI)
      • High pressure macro-injection
    • 2.2.2. Micro-injection devices
      • Hand injection devices
      • Passive infusion
  • 2.3. Novel trunk injection technologies

3. Tree abiotic disorders, diseases and pests

  • 3.1. Abiotic disorders
    • 3.1.1. Iron and manganese chlorosis
    • 3.1.2. Dieback
      • Cause, symptoms and identification
      • Occurrence and distribution
  • 3.2. Tree diseases treated with trunk injection
    • 3.2.1. Dutch elm disease
      • Symptoms
    • 3.2.2. Oak wilt
    • 3.2.3. Elm wilt
    • 3.2.4. Thousand cankers disease
    • 3.2.5. Anthracnose
      • Anthracnose treatments
  • 3.3. Insect pests treated with trunk injection
    • 3.3.1. Beetles (Coleoptera)
      • Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis)
      • Bark beetles
      • Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis)
      • Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica)
      • Red palm weevil
    • 3.3.2. Moths and caterpillars (Lepidoptera)
      • Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar)
      • Winter Moth (Operophtera brumata)
    • 3.3.3. Aphids and whiteflies (hemiptera)
      • Hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae)

4. Injectable ais & formulations

  • Water solubility
  • Organic carbon-water partitioning coefficient (Koc)
  • Solution pH
  • 4.1. Injectable insecticides
    • 4.1.1. Imidacloprid
      • Chemistry and history
      • Role in trunk injection
    • 4.1.2. Emamectin
    • 4.1.3. Abamectin
      • Chemistry and history
      • Role in trunk injection
    • 4.1.4. Acephate
      • Chemistry and history
      • Role in trunk injection
    • 4.1.5. Acetamiprid
    • 4.1.6. Other injectable insecticides
  • 4.2. Fungicides
    • 4.2.1. Phosphorous acid
    • 4.2.2. Propiconazole
    • 4.2.3. Thiabendazole
      • Chemistry and history
      • Role in trunk injection
    • 4.2.4. Other injectable fungicides
  • 4.3. Antibiotics: Oxytetracycline Calcium
  • 4.4. Biopesticides
  • 4.5. Plant growth regulators
  • 4.6. Novel trunk injection formulations

5. Trunk injection markets

  • 5.1. North America
    • 5.1.1. USA
    • 5.1.2. Canada
  • 5.2. Europe
    • 5.2.1. Spain
    • 5.2.2. Italy
    • 5.2.3. Russia
  • 5.3. Middle East & Africa
    • 5.3.1. South Africa
    • 5.3.2. Iran
    • 5.3.3. Other MEA
  • 5.4. Central and Latin America

6. Industry information

  • 6.1. North American tree injection specialists
    • 6.1.1. J. J. Mauget
      • Research and development
      • Training and resources
      • Mauget view on growing the industry
    • 6.1.2. Arborjet
      • Research and development
      • Training and resources
      • Arborjet view on growing the industry
    • 6.1.3. Bioforest technologies
      • Research and development
      • Training and resources
    • 6.1.4. Rainbow Tree Care
    • 6.1.5. ArborSystems
    • 6.1.6. TreeCare Products
    • 6.1.7. Mediject
    • 6.1.8. Phyton Corporation
  • 6.2. Global tree injection specialists
    • 6.2.1. Chemjet
      • Chemjet view on growing the industry
    • 6.2.2. Fertinyect
      • Research and development
      • Training and resources
      • Fertinyect view on growing the industry
    • 6.2.3. Difesa Ambientale
  • 6.3. Agrochemical majors
    • 6.3.1. Syngenta
    • 6.3.2. Bayer

7. Trunk injection for agricultural trees

  • 7.1. Apples
    • 7.1.1. Apple tree issues
      • Potato leafhopper
    • 7.1.2. Efficacy of trunk injection
    • 7.1.3. Fruit residues
  • 7.2. Phytophthora root rot in avocados
  • 7.3. Citrus
  • 7.4. Palms (Date, coconut, oil palm)
    • 7.4.1. Efficacy of trunk injection
    • 7.4.2. Fruit residues
  • 7.5. Cocoa
  • 7.6. Macadamia nuts
  • 7.7. Grapevines

8. Summary

  • North American ornamental trees
  • Formulations
  • Global agricultural fruit trees
  • European ornamental trees

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Cross-section of trunk edge showing main layers
  • Figure 2: Cross-section of trunk edge showing all layers
  • Figure 3: Ring-porous, diffuse-porous hardwoods and conifer pore patterns
  • Figure 4: Tree evaporative demand over a 24-hr period, grams water (Kramer, 1937)
  • Figure 5: Obsolete ferric ammonium citrate system
  • Figure 6: Arborplugs, plug positioning and example of minimal tree scar
  • Figure 7: TreeCare ACECAP implant system
  • Figure 8: Rainbow connector tee
  • Figure 9: Arborjet plug-free Stinger needle
  • Figure 10: The ArborSystems' Wedgle injection system
  • Figure 11: Effect of lenticular blade on tree xylem and liquid uptake (the "BITE" system)
  • Figure 12: Mediject gravity system for treatment of iron chlorosis
  • Figure 13: Arborjet Tree IV
  • Figure 14: The Arborprof macro-injection system
  • Figure 15: Mauget low pressure capsule applicator
  • Figure 16: University of California global map of soil pH, 2016
  • Figure 17: Pin Oak (Quercus palustris) trunk injected for iron chlorosis before (left) and after
  • Figure 18: DED symptoms: leaf yellowing, internal stem streaks and coremia
  • Figure 19: The Emerald Ash Borer: adult, larvae and larval galleries
  • Figure 20: Spread of EAB in North Eastern states, 2012-2015
  • Figure 21: Asian Longhorned Beetle: adult, larvae and exit holes
  • Figure 22: Japanese Beetle and example of foliar damage
  • Figure 23: Gypsy moth adults, caterpillar and public awareness campaigns
  • Figure 24: Spread of Gypsy moth throughout North Eastern US states, 2012-2015
  • Figure 25: Hemlock Woolly Adelgid
  • Figure 26: World map of trunk injection markets (USD)
  • Figure 27: USA company market shares
  • Figure 28: Canada company market shares
  • Figure 29: Chemjet split of end use
  • Figure 30: Potato leafhopper images: a. PLH nymph and b. "Hopperburn" damage on a sugar maple
  • Figure 31: Efficacy of insecticides injected into apple trees (% mortality)
  • Figure 32: Concentrations of phosphorous acid in avocado tree tissue samples (mg/kg)
  • Figure 33: Concentrations of OTC in citrus tree tissue samples (mg/kg, 28 days, 2 ports)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Water movement rates of different tree species (m / hr)
  • Table 2: Tree classifications and characteristics
  • Table 3: History of trunk injection
  • Table 4: Plug interfaces
  • Table 5: High pressure macro-injection systems
  • Table 6: Recent key trunk injection technology patents
  • Table 7: Fungal pathogens responsible for anthracnose
  • Table 8: Trunk injection ai Koc and water solubility
  • Table 9: Injectable imidacloprid products
  • Table 10: Emamectin products (USA)
  • Table 11: Abamectin products
  • Table 12: Acephate products (USA)
  • Table 13: Other Mauget injectable fungicides
  • Table 14: Phosphorous products (USA)
  • Table 15: Propiconazole products (USA)
  • Table 16: Global thiabendazole registrations
  • Table 17: Other Mauget injectable fungicides
  • Table 18: Oxytetracycline products
  • Table 19: Injectable PGR products
  • Table 20: Recent patents for trunk injection formulations
  • Table 21: Trunk injection market size estimates (USD)
  • Table 22: Trunk injection product registrations, Italy
  • Table 23: Trunk injection product registrations, Russia
  • Table 24: Trunk injection product registrations, South Africa
  • Table 25: Global presence of trunk injection specialists
  • Table 26: J. J. Mauget in numbers
  • Table 27: J. J. Mauget studies
  • Table 28: J. J. Mauget patents
  • Table 29: Arborjet company information
  • Table 30: Bioforest Technologies in numbers
  • Table 31: Syngenta trunk injection registrations
  • Table 32: Bayer trunk injection registrations
  • Table 33: Apple fruit residues
  • Table 34: Date fruit residues
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