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市場調査レポート - 237850

石油コークス:世界市場と見通し

Petroleum Coke: Global Industry Markets & Outlook, 6th Edition 2012

発行 Roskill Information Services, Ltd.
出版日 ページ情報 英文 245 Pages, 131 Tables and 66 Figures
価格
石油コークス:世界市場と見通し Petroleum Coke: Global Industry Markets & Outlook, 6th Edition 2012
出版日: 2012年07月20日 ページ情報: 英文 245 Pages, 131 Tables and 66 Figures
概要

2012年の世界における石油コークスの生産量と消費量は、力強い成長を見せています。2012年初頭の石油コークス価格は、2011年のそれに比べ、安価(45米ドル/トン:米国の港における輸出価格)でした。米国の中国向け石油コークスの輸出量は、過去最高を記録し、また、価格は下落を続けています。

当レポートでは、世界における石油コークスの生産量と消費量、国際取引や価格の動向をまとめており、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

第1章 サマリー

第2章 イントロダクション

第3章 世界の石油コークス生産量

第4章 石油コークスの生産国と消費国

第5章 世界の石油コークス消費量

  • 世界の消費量
  • 世界の消費量:国・エンドユーズ別
  • 世界の消費量:産業別

第6章 石油コークスの最終用途

第7章 石油コークスの国際取引

第8章石油コークスの価格

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次

World production and consumption of petroleum coke is seeing a dynamic increase in 2012. Oil refiners are pricing their petroleum coke products aggressively against steam coal to maintain and win market share. Low shipping freight costs are facilitating movement of petroleum coke across the world and opening up new geographical markets.

Petroleum coke is a by-product that is torn by the demands of five giants (the oil refining, electricity generation, cement, steel and aluminium industries), that sometimes pull it in opposite directions. Oil refiners would like to produce higher sulphur petroleum coke and use the coking process so that they can maximise their refinery margins. The crude steel and aluminium industries require higher purity, low sulphur cokes for the production of high quality electrodes. The use of petroleum coke as a fuel in cement plants and electricity generation provides a convenient outlet for fuel-grade petroleum coke and is a useful alternative to steam coal for these energy users.

In early 2012, petroleum coke prices were relatively low (US$45/t spot prices reported for exports from US ports) compared with 2011. US petroleum coke exports, particularly those destined for China, were at record highs and appear to be keeping prices down and international trade brisk. Roskill examines future supply and demand trends particularly looking at the impact of the controversial Keystone XL pipeline for American petroleum coke.

Get accurate answers from independent exports

  • Asian petroleum coke markets: Where is the growth coming from?
  • American petroleum coke producers: What are the implications of Obama's decision on Keystone XL?
  • What are the key drivers of demand worldwide?
  • Where is new business growth?
  • What supply projects are coming on stream worldwide and when?

Asia: Average value of imports of uncalcined petroleum coke
from US Gulf States (US$/t)

Table of Contents

1. Summary

2. Introduction

  • 2.1. Marketable petroleum coke production processes
    • 2.1.1. Delayed coking
    • 2.1.2. Fluid coking
    • 2.1.3. Flexicoking
  • 2.2. Types of green petroleum coke
    • 2.2.1. Sponge coke
    • 2.2.2. Shot coke
    • 2.2.3. Petroleum needle coke
  • 2.3. Calcined coke
  • 2.4. Factors affecting levels of petroleum coke production
    • 2.4.1. Trends in petroleum production
    • 2.4.2. Trends in gasoline demand
    • 2.4.3. Crude oil feedstock quality

3. Overview of world petroleum coke production

  • 3.1. Petroleum coke production capacity
  • 3.2. Petroleum coke production
    • 3.2.1. Outlook for petroleum coke production

4. Notes on countries producing and consuming petroleum coke

  • 4.1. Production of petroleum coke in Albania
    • 4.1.1. ARMO Albanian Refining and Marketing of Oil
  • 4.2. Production of petroleum coke in Argentina
    • 4.2.1. Producers and calciners of petroleum coke in Argentina
      • 4.2.1.1. Exxon Mobil Refining and Supply
      • 4.2.1.2. Repsol-YPF SA
      • 4.2.1.3. Copetro SA
  • 4.3. Production of petroleum coke in Aruba
  • 4.4. Production of petroleum coke in Australia
  • 4.5. Production of petroleum coke in Austria
  • 4.6. Production of petroleum coke in Azerbaijan
  • 4.7. Production of calcined petroleum coke in Bahrain
    • 4.7.1. Aluminium Bahrain (Alba)
  • 4.8. Production of petroleum coke in Belgium
  • 4.9. Production of petroleum coke in Brazil
    • 4.9.1. Petroleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras)
  • 4.10. Production of petroleum coke in Canada
    • 4.10.1. Conventional producers and processors of petroleum coke in Canada
    • 4.10.2. Petroleum coke production from oil sands operations in Canada
      • 4.10.2.1. Husky Energy Corporation
      • 4.10.2.2. Suncor Energy
      • 4.10.2.3. Syncrude Canada Ltd
      • 4.10.2.4. Other
      • 4.10.2.5. Keystone Pipeline
  • 4.11. Production of petroleum coke in Chile
    • 4.11.1. Producer of petroleum coke in Chile
      • 4.11.1.1. Empresa Nacional de Petroleo
  • 4.12. Production of petroleum coke in China
    • 4.12.1. Producers of petroleum coke in China
      • 4.12.1.1. China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)
      • 4.12.1.2. China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. (Sinopec)
      • 4.12.1.3. PetroChina Co. Ltd./China National Petroleum (CNPC)
    • 4.12.2. Calcined coke producers in China
  • 4.13. Production of petroleum coke in Colombia
  • 4.14. Production of petroleum coke in Croatia
    • 4.14.1. Industrija Nafte d.d. (INA)
  • 4.15. Production of petroleum coke in Egypt
    • 4.15.1. Producers of petroleum coke in Egypt
      • 4.15.1.1. Middle East Oil Refinery (MIDOR)
      • 4.15.1.2. Suez Petroleum Processing Co.
  • 4.16. Production of petroleum coke in Finland
  • 4.17. Production of petroleum coke in France
  • 4.18. Production of petroleum coke in Germany
    • 4.18.1. Producers of petroleum coke in Germany
      • 4.18.1.1. BP PLC
      • 4.18.1.2. Mineralelraffinerie Oberrhein GmbH (MiRO)
      • 4.18.1.3. OMV Deutschland GmbH
  • 4.19. Production of petroleum coke in Greece
  • 4.20. Production of petroleum coke in Hungary
    • 4.20.1. MOL Hungarian Oil & Gas Plc
  • 4.21. Production of petroleum coke in India
    • 4.21.1. Producers and processors of petroleum coke in India
      • 4.21.1.1. Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL)
      • 4.21.1.2. Indian Oil Company Ltd. (IOCL)
      • 4.21.1.3. Bharat Oman Refineries Ltd (BORL)
    • 4.21.2. Petroleum coke calciners in India
      • 4.21.2.1. Goa Carbon Ltd.
      • 4.21.2.2. Rain CII
  • 4.22. Production of petroleum coke in Indonesia
    • 4.22.1.1. PT Pertamina
  • 4.23. Production of petroleum coke in Italy
  • 4.24. Production of petroleum coke in Japan
    • 4.24.1. Producers of petroleum coke in Japan
      • 4.24.1.1. Cosmo Oil Co. Ltd.
      • 4.24.1.2. Fuji Oil Co. Ltd.
      • 4.24.1.3. Japan Energy Corp.
      • 4.24.1.4. JX Nippon Oil and Energy Corporation
  • 4.25. Petroleum coke production in Kazakhstan
  • 4.26. Production of petroleum coke in South Korea
    • 4.26.1. Hyundai Oil Refinery Co.
  • 4.27. Production of petroleum coke in Kuwait
    • 4.27.1. Kuwait National Petroleum Co. (KNPC)
    • 4.27.2. Petroleum Coke Industries Co. (PCIC)
  • 4.28. Production of petroleum coke in Malaysia
    • 4.28.1. Petronas
  • 4.29. Production of petroleum coke in Mexico
    • 4.29.1. Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex)
  • 4.30. Production of petroleum coke in Myanmar
    • 4.30.1. Myanma Petrochemical Enterprise
  • 4.31. Production of petroleum coke in Norway
    • 4.31.1. Producers of petroleum coke in Norway
      • 4.31.1.1. Mongstad Refining
  • 4.32. Production of petroleum coke in Romania
    • 4.32.1. Producers and processors of petroleum coke in Romania
      • 4.32.1.1. Astra SA
      • 4.32.1.2. SNP Petrom
      • 4.32.1.3. Petrotel SA
      • 4.32.1.4. Rafo SA
      • 4.32.1.5. Rompetrol Group
      • 4.32.1.6. Rafinaria Drmneti
      • 4.32.1.7. Elsid
  • 4.33. Production of petroleum coke in Russia
    • 4.33.1. Producers and processors of petroleum coke in Russia
      • 4.33.1.1. JSC Bashneftekhimzavody (Bashneft)
      • 4.33.1.2. LUKOIL
      • 4.33.1.3. Rosneft
  • 4.34. Production of petroleum coke in Saudi Arabia
    • 4.34.1. Saudi Aramco
    • 4.34.2. Saudi Company Modern Mining
  • 4.35. Production of petroleum coke in South Africa
    • 4.35.1. Shell and BP South African Petroleum Refineries Pty Ltd. (Sapref)
  • 4.36. Production of petroleum coke in Spain
    • 4.36.1. Producers of petroleum coke in Spain
      • 4.36.1.1. Repsol-YPF
      • 4.36.1.2. BP PLC
  • 4.37. Production of petroleum coke in Syria
    • 4.37.1. Homs Refinery Co.
  • 4.38. Production of petroleum coke in Taiwan
    • 4.38.1. Chinese Petroleum Corp. (CPC)
    • 4.38.2. Formosa Petrochemical Co. (FPCC)
  • 4.39. Production of petroleum coke in Turkey
  • 4.40. Production of petroleum coke in Turkmenistan
  • 4.41. Production of petroleum coke in Ukraine
  • 4.42. Production of petroleum coke in the UK
    • 4.42.1. ConocoPhillips UK
  • 4.43. Production of petroleum coke in the USA
    • 4.43.1. Trends in US petroleum coke production
    • 4.43.2. US petroleum coke consumption and international trade
    • 4.43.3. US petroleum coke production capacity
    • 4.43.4. Producers of petroleum coke in the USA
      • 4.43.4.1. BP United States
      • 4.43.4.2. Chevron Corp.
      • 4.43.4.3. CITGO Petroleum Corporation
      • 4.43.4.4. Coffeyville Resources LLC (formerly Farmland Industries)
      • 4.43.4.5. ConocoPhillips
      • 4.43.4.6. Delek US Holdings Inc.
      • 4.43.4.7. Exxon Mobil Corp.
      • 4.43.4.8. Flint Hills Resources
      • 4.43.4.9. Holly Frontier Corporation
      • 4.43.4.10. Hunt Refining Co.
      • 4.43.4.11. Husky Energy Corporation
      • 4.43.4.12. LyondellBasell Industries
      • 4.43.4.13. Marathon Petroleum Corporation
      • 4.43.4.14. Motiva Enterprises LLC
      • 4.43.4.15. National Co-operative Refinery Association
      • 4.43.4.16. Pasadena Refining System
      • 4.43.4.17. PBF Energy Corporation
      • 4.43.4.18. Shell Deer Park Refining Co.
      • 4.43.4.19. Shell Oil Products US
      • 4.43.4.20. Sunoco Inc.
      • 4.43.4.21. Tesoro Petroleum Corp.
      • 4.43.4.22. Total Petrochemicals USA
      • 4.43.4.23. Valero Energy Corp.
    • 4.43.5. Petroleum coke calcining operations in the USA
    • 4.43.6. US marketers and distributors of petroleum coke
  • 4.44. Production of petroleum coke in Uzbekistan
    • 4.44.1. Uzbekneftegaz
  • 4.45. Production of petroleum coke in Venezuela
    • 4.45.1. Producers of petroleum coke in Venezuela
      • 4.45.1.1. Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA)
      • 4.45.1.2. Orinoco Belt upgraders
      • 4.45.1.3. Petroleum coke calcination in Venezuela
  • 4.46. Production of petroleum coke in the US Virgin Islands
    • 4.46.1. Hovensa LLC

5. Overview of world consumption of petroleum coke

  • 5.1. World consumption of petroleum coke
  • 5.2. Consumption of petroleum coke by region and end use sector
  • 5.3. Consumption of petroleum coke by industry

6. End uses for petroleum coke

  • 6.1. Consumption of petroleum coke as a fuel
    • 6.1.1. The use of petroleum coke as a fuel in oil refineries
    • 6.1.2. The use of petroleum coke as a fuel in the cement industry
      • 6.1.2.1. Cement production and consumption
      • 6.1.2.2. Outlook for petroleum coke consumption in cement production
    • 6.1.3. The use of petroleum coke as a fuel in power generation
      • 6.1.3.1. Consumption of petroleum coke as a fuel in generating electricity
    • 6.1.4. The use of petroleum coke as a fuel in titanium dioxide production
  • 6.2. The use of petroleum coke in carbon and graphite electrodes and other non-fuel applications 43
    • 6.2.1. Manufacture of carbon and graphite products
    • 6.2.2. Production of carbon and graphite electrodes
      • 6.2.2.1. GrafTech International Ltd.
      • 6.2.2.2. Graphite India Ltd. (GIL)
      • 6.2.2.3. HEG Ltd.
      • 6.2.2.4. SGL Carbon Group
      • 6.2.2.5. Showa Denko
      • 6.2.2.6. Tokai Carbon
    • 6.2.3. The use of carbon and graphite in the aluminium industry
      • 6.2.3.1. Manufacture of carbon anodes for aluminium
      • 6.2.3.2. Carbon cathodes or potlining for aluminium
      • 6.2.3.3. Consumption of petroleum coke in the aluminium industry
    • 6.2.4. The use of carbon and graphite electrodes in steelmaking
      • 6.2.4.1. Manufacture of EAF electrodes for steelmaking
      • 6.2.4.2. World steel production
    • 6.2.5. The use of carbon and graphite in ferroalloys production
      • 6.2.5.1. Ferrosilicon and silicon metal
      • 6.2.5.2. Ferrosilicon capacities and producing companies
      • 6.2.5.3. Ferromanganese, silico-manganese and other manganese products
      • 6.2.5.4. Ferrochromium
    • 6.2.6. The use of carbon and graphite in phosphorus production
    • 6.2.7. The use of carbon and graphite in calcium carbide production
    • 6.2.8. The use of carbon and graphite in silicon carbide production
    • 6.2.9. The use of petroleum coke in magnesium metal production
    • 6.2.10. The use of petroleum coke in the chlor-alkali industry
      • 6.2.10.1. Chlorine
      • 6.2.10.2. Caustic soda
    • 6.2.11. Other applications for petroleum coke
  • 6.3. The use of petroleum coke in carburisers and recarburisers
  • 6.4. The use of petroleum coke in refractories
  • 6.5. Other carbon products containing petroleum coke
    • 6.5.1. Chemical applications for petroleum coke
    • 6.5.2. Mechanical applications for petroleum coke
    • 6.5.3. Aerospace and nuclear reactor applications for petroleum coke

7. International trade in petroleum coke

  • 7.1. International trade in green petroleum coke
  • 7.2. International trade in calcined petroleum coke

8. Petroleum coke prices

  • 8.1. Uncalcined petroleum coke prices
    • 8.1.1. Thermal coal
  • 8.2. Calcined petroleum coke prices

List of Tables:

  • 1. World: Production of petroleum coke by grade, 2006, 2011 and 2016
  • 2. World: Consumption of petroleum coke by end use, 2006, 2011 and 2016
  • 3. Compositions of different types of petroleum coke and graphite
  • 4. Typical end-uses for different types of petroleum coke
  • 5. CTE values for commercial grades of green petroleum coke
  • 6. Comparison yields from delayed coking and fluid coking methods
  • 7. Comparison of product properties by coking method
  • 8. Uncalcined petroleum coke analysis by coking process
  • 9. Investment and economics of coking technology, 1998-2001
  • 10. Economics of a typical flexicoking and fluid coking unit (US Gulf Coast, Q1, 1996), licenced by Exxon Research & Engineering
  • 11. Characteristics of petroleum coke produced in a delayed coker
  • 12. Product yields in the SYDEC delayed coking process by operation
  • 13. Characteristics of petroleum coke produced by the fluid bed method
  • 14. Yields from flexicoking Arabian Heavy residuum
  • 15. Characteristics of petroleum coke produced by flexicoking
  • 16. Properties of coke produced by flexicoking
  • 17. Typical properties of calcined sponge and needle cokes
  • 18. General specifications for anode grade petroleum coke
  • 19. World: Production of cars, 2002 to 2011
  • 20. World: Production of light commercial vehicles by region, 2002 to 2011
  • 21. World: Marketable petroleum coke production capacity by country and company, 2012
  • 22. World: Estimated total production of all petroleum coke, including catalyst petroleum coke, 2009 to 2012 and 2016
  • 23. Australia: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2010
  • 24. Austria: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2010
  • 25. Belgium: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2010
  • 26. Petrobras: Summary of petroleum coke capacity, 2012
  • 27. Canada: Petroleum coke conventional capacity, 2012
  • 28. Canada: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2010
  • 29. Canada: Type of petroleum coke by producer, 2012
  • 30. China: Petroleum coke production capacity, by leading national oil companies, 2012
  • 31. China: Small petroleum coke producing companies, by location, 2012
  • 32. India: Existing producers and their capacities, 1 January 2012
  • 33. India: New capacities coming on stream, 2012 to 2016
  • 34. IOCL: Specifications of green and calcined petroleum coke products
  • 35. Indonesia: International trade in petroleum coke, 2007 to 2011
  • 36. Italy: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2010
  • 37. Japan: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2010
  • 38. Mexico: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2004 and 2008 to 2010
  • 39. Mexico: International imports of petroleum coke, 2007 to 2011
  • 40. Pemex: Operating and planned petroleum coke production capacity
  • 41. Romania: Petroleum coke production capacity by refinery, 2012
  • 42. Russia: Petroleum coke production capacity, 2012
  • 43. Spain: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2011
  • 44. Repsol-YPF: Properties of green fuel grade petroleum coke
  • 45. Ukraine: Coking capacity and estimated petroleum coke production by refinery, 2011
  • 46. UK: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2010
  • 47. USA: Coke production rate in US refineries, 1991 to 2011
  • 48. USA: Petroleum coke supply and consumption, 2008 to 2010
  • 49. USA: Petroleum coke capacity, by state, 2012
  • 50. USA: Economics model for a coking refinery, 2012
  • 51. USA: Petroleum coke production capacity, by company, 2012
  • 52. USA: Estimated production of petroleum coke by company, product type and quality, 2012
  • 53. USA: ConocoPhillips: Petroleum coke capacity, 2012
  • 54. USA: ConocoPhillips: Primary crude oil characteristics and sources, 2012
  • 55. Exxon Mobil: Petroleum coke production capacity, 2012
  • 56. Shell Oil Products: Crude and petroleum coke capacity, 2012
  • 57. Valero Energy: Petroleum coke capacity, 2012
  • 58. USA: Calcined petroleum coke production capacity by non-refining company
  • 59. CII Carbon: Specifications of calcined petroleum coke types
  • 60. Capex Group: Supply of petroleum coke for distribution by origin, 2012
  • 61. PDVSA: Petroleum coke production capacity, 2012
  • 62. Venezuela: Petroleum coke upgrading projects
  • 63. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in all forms by country, 2008 to 2010
  • 64. OECD: Estimated consumption of petroleum coke by end use sector, 2008 to 2011
  • 65. OECD: Estimated consumption of petroleum coke by region and end use sector, 2009
  • 66. OECD Americas: Summary of petroleum coke consumption by end use sector, 2008 to 2010
  • 67. OECD Americas: Consumption of petroleum coke by end use sector and country, 2008 to 2010
  • 68. OECD Europe: Summary of petroleum coke consumption by end use sector, 2008 to 2010
  • 69. OECD Europe: Consumption of petroleum coke by end use sector and country, 2008 to 2010
  • 70. OECD Asia Oceania: Summary of petroleum coke consumption by end use sector, 2008 to 2010
  • 71. OECD Asia Oceania: Consumption of petroleum coke by end use sector and country, 2008 to 2010
  • 72. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in the energy sector by country, 2008 to 2010
  • 73. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in the transformation sector by country, 2008 to 2010
  • 74. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in the industry sector by country, 2008 to 2010
  • 75. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in non-energy uses by country, 2008 to 2010
  • 76. World: List of gasification plants using petroleum coke as their primary feedstock, 2010
  • 77. Advantages and disadvantages of petroleum coke as a fuel for cement kilns
  • 78. USA & Canada: Summary of fuel types used in cement plants
  • 79. World: Production of cement by principal countries, 2005 to 2011
  • 80. Holcim: Thermal energy mix of cement clinker production, 2008 to 2010
  • 81. Major inputs required to produce 1t of TiO2 by the Tiwest chloride process
  • 82. World: TiO2 pigment production capacity via the chloride route, 2012
  • 83. USA: Production of synthetic graphite by end use, 2008 and 2009
  • 84. Typical range of coker operating conditions for producing anode and needle grades of petroleum coke
  • 85. General specification of anode grade petroleum coke
  • 86. Typical specifications for the principal grades of petroleum coke
  • 87. Typical characteristics of artificial and natural graphites
  • 88. World: Principal UHP (ultra high power) graphite electrode producers
  • 89. Average physical properties of bench scale anodes produced from three different petroleum cokes
  • 90. Proportionate cost of inputs to Sderberg and pre-bake aluminium plants, 1990
  • 91. Factors determining net consumption of anodes
  • 92. World: Primary aluminium production by region, 1993 to 2011
  • 93. World: Estimated consumption of calcined petroleum coke in primary aluminium production by region, 1993 to 2011
  • 94. Physical properties of graphite electrodes for electric arc furnaces
  • 95. World: Production of crude steel by leading countries, 1995 to 2011
  • 96. World: Production of crude steel by leading companies, 2010
  • 97. Estimated consumption of petroleum coke in graphite electrodes for EAF steelmaking, 1995 to 2011
  • 98. World: Average annual periodic growth rates of crude steel production by region, 1980 to 2011
  • 99. Crude steel production by principal steelmakers, 2009 and 2010
  • 100. World: Estimated consumption of petroleum coke and other carbon reductants in ferroalloys, 2011
  • 101. World: Production of ferroalloys in EAFs by alloy type, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • 102. World: Production of ferroalloys in electric arc furnaces by country, 2000, 2005 and 2010
  • 103. World: New silicon and ferrosilicon projects, 2011
  • 104. World: Production of ferromanganese in EAFs, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2011
  • 105. World: Production of ferromanganese in blast furnaces, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2011
  • 106. World: Production of silico-manganese, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • 107. Europe: Chlorine production capacity by leading producers, 2011
  • 108. Comparison of the gas analysis of Desulco, synthetic graphite and calcined petroleum coke recarburiser materials
  • 109. Zhenjiang Coking & Gas Group: Specifications of carbon raiser products
  • 110. World: International trade in green petroleum coke, 2007 to 2011
  • 111. Exports of green petroleum coke by principal countries, 2007 to 2011
  • 112. Imports of green petroleum coke by principal countries, 2007 to 2011
  • 113. Exports of green petroleum coke by major exporters to principal countries of destination, 2009
  • 114. Exports of green petroleum coke by major exporters to principal countries of destination, 2010
  • 115. Exports of green petroleum coke by major exporters to principal countries of destination, 2011
  • 116. Imports of green petroleum coke by major importers from principal countries of origin, 2009
  • 117. Imports of green petroleum coke by major importers from principal countries of origin, 2010
  • 118. Imports of green petroleum coke by major importers from principal countries of origin, 2011
  • 119. World: International trade in calcined petroleum coke, 2007 to 2011
  • 120. Exports of calcined petroleum coke by principal countries, 2007 to 2011
  • 121. Imports of calcined petroleum coke by principal countries, 2007 to 2011
  • 122. Exports of calcined petroleum coke by major exporters to principal countries of destination, 2009
  • 123. Exports of calcined petroleum coke by major exporters to principal countries of destination, 2010
  • 124. Exports of calcined petroleum coke by major exporters to principal countries of destination, 2011
  • 125. Imports of calcined petroleum coke by major importers from principal countries of origin, 2009
  • 126. Imports of calcined petroleum coke by major importers from principal countries of origin, 2010
  • 127. Imports of calcined petroleum coke by major importers from principal countries of origin, 2011
  • 128. Coal to petroleum coke BTU comparisons, April 2012
  • 129. Selected countries: Average values of international trade in uncalcined petroleum coke, 1994 to 2011
  • 130. USA: Exports of non calcined petroleum coke, December 2011 to April 2012
  • 131. Calcined petroleum coke prices, 2012

List of Figures:

  • 1. North America: Competitive price environment for fuel grade petroleum coke, 2007 to 2012
  • 2. World: Production of crude oil, 1990 to 2011
  • 3. World: Estimated crude oil reserves by region, 2010/2011
  • 4. World: Division of production of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles by region, 2011
  • 5. World: Production of cars by region, 1997 to 2011
  • 6. USA: Consumption of transportation gasoline, 2009 to 2035
  • 7. USA: Gravity and sulphur content of crude oils being processed, 1985-2011
  • 8. World: Petroleum coke production capacity by principal country, 2012
  • 9. World: Ownership of petroleum coke production capacity by principal company, 2012
  • 10. World: Production of fuel grade petroleum coke by region, 2011
  • 11. World: Production of petroleum coke in all forms, 2001 to 2016
  • 12. Turkey: Imports of uncalcined petroleum coke by country of origin, 2002 to 2011
  • 13. UK: Inferred exports of calcined petroleum coke, 2007 to 2011
  • 14. USA: Refinery marketable petroleum coke production capacity 1982 to 2011
  • 15. USA: Exports of green coke by principal destination, 2011
  • 16. USA: Refinery net production of petroleum coke by PAD District, 2010
  • 17. USA: Leading producers of petroleum coke, by capacity, 2012
  • 18. Venezuela: Inferred exports of uncalcined petroleum coke, 2002 to 2011
  • 19. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in all forms, 1992 to 2010
  • 20. OECD: Estimated consumption of petroleum coke by region and end use sector, 2009
  • 21. OECD: Estimated consumption of petroleum coke by region and end use sector, 2009
  • 22. OECD: Estimated consumption of petroleum coke by region and energy/non-energy applications, 2009
  • 23. OECD: Estimated consumption of petroleum coke by region and energy/non-energy applications, 2009
  • 24. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in the energy sector, 1991 to 2011
  • 25. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in the transformation sector, 1991 to 2010
  • 26. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in the industry sector, 1991 to 2011
  • 27. OECD: Estimated consumption of petroleum coke in non-energy uses, 1991 to 2011
  • 28. World: Consumption of petroleum coke by end use, 2011 and 2016
  • 29. World: Production of cement, 1993 to 2011
  • 30. OECD: Consumption of petroleum coke in the transformation sector, 1990, 2008 to 2010
  • 31. USA: Cost of petroleum coke and coal delivered to power plants, 1996 to 2011
  • 32. USA: Cost of petroleum coke and coal delivered to power plants, 1996 to 2011
  • 33. World: TiO2 production capacity by process and major countries, 2012
  • 34. World: Production of primary aluminium by region, 1993 to 2011
  • 35. Comparison of growth rates in crude steel production in principal regions, 2001-2011
  • 36. World: Production of crude steel by process, 1995 to 2010
  • 37. World: Production of crude steel by region and process route, 2010
  • 38. World: Production of ferroalloys in EAFs by type, 2010
  • 39. China and rest of world: Production of ferroalloys, 1995 to 2010
  • 40. World: Ferrosilicon production, 1985 to 2010
  • 41. World: Production of ferrosilicon, 2000 to 2010
  • 42. World excluding China: Production of ferrosilicon, 2001 to 2010
  • 43. Capacities of principal ferrosilicon producing companies, 2010
  • 44. World: Chlorine production capacity by region, 2012
  • 45. Europe: Consumption of chlorine by end use, 2010
  • 46. USA: Consumption of chlorine by end use, 2010
  • 47. Europe: Consumption of caustic soda by end use, 2010
  • 48. Exports of green petroleum coke by principal countries, 2007 to 2011
  • 49. USA: Exports of green petroleum coke to principal partners, 2007 to 2011
  • 50. Spain and China: Uncalcined petroleum coke imports, 2007 to 2011
  • 51. World: Baltic Dry Index of ocean freight costs, 2003 to 2012
  • 52. Imports of calcined petroleum coke from the USA, 2011
  • 53. USA: Index of cost to power plants of petroleum coke, coal and crude oil, 1996 to 2011
  • 54. Japan: Imports of uncalcined petroleum coke: Price as a % of thermal coal price from Australia
  • 55. US Gulf: Spot prices for 6-6.5% S, HGI of 40 uncalcined petroleum coke, 2011 to 2012
  • 56. Venezuela: Spot prices for 4% S, HGI of 45 uncalcined petroleum coke, December 2011 to May 2012
  • 57. US Gulf: Spot prices for 5-6% S, HGI of <50 uncalcined petroleum coke, December 2011 to May 2012
  • 58. US West Coast: Spot prices for 4% S, HGI of 50 uncalcined petroleum coke, December 2011 to May 2012
  • 59. US Gulf: Spot prices for 4-5.5% S, HGI of 50 uncalcined petroleum coke, December 2011 to May 2012
  • 60. USA: Average value of exports of non calcined petroleum coke to selected major importers, 2002 to 2011
  • 61. Asia: Average value of imports of non calcined petroleum coke, 2000 to 2011
  • 62. Selected countries: Average values of international trade in uncalcined petroleum coke, 1994 to 2011
  • 63. Thermal coal price FOB South Africa compared with petroleum coke price fob US Gulf, 2002 to 2011
  • 64. Thermal coal price C&F Western Europe (ARA) compared with petroleum coke price C&F ARA, 2002 to 2011
  • 65. Thermal coal price C&F Europe and FOB South Africa compared with petroleum coke price C&F Europe and FOB US Gulf, 2002 to 2011
  • 66. Selected countries: Average values of trade in calcined petroleum coke, 1994 to 2011
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