市場調査レポート - 166483

カーボンナノチューブ・カーボンナノファイバー・フラーレン・グラフェン・ナノダイヤモンドの製造と利用:世界の技術調査・市場分析

Production and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes, Carbon Nanofibers, Fullerenes, Graphene and Nanodiamonds: A Global Technology Survey and Market Analysis

発行 Innovative Research and Products (iRAP)
出版日 ページ情報 英文 531 Pages
価格
カーボンナノチューブ・カーボンナノファイバー・フラーレン・グラフェン・ナノダイヤモンドの製造と利用:世界の技術調査・市場分析 Production and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes, Carbon Nanofibers, Fullerenes, Graphene and Nanodiamonds: A Global Technology Survey and Market Analysis
出版日: 2011年02月28日 ページ情報: 英文 531 Pages
概要

ナノカーボン製品には、単層カーボンナノチューブ(SWNT)、多層カーボンナノチューブ(MWNT)、フラーレン、グラフェン、カーボンナノファイバー、ナノダイヤモンドが含まれます。これらすべての製品の生産能力は、2008年の996メトリックトンから2009年には2,190トン、2010年には4,065トンへと拡大しており、その後は24.8%のCAGRで推移し、2015年には12,300トンにまで成長すると予測されています。2010年の総生産高は4億3,500万ドルと推計されており、2015年には13億ドルに達すると予測されています。

当レポートでは、各種ナノカーボン製品の技術と市場について調査分析し、製品タイプ別の生産容量・生産量・生産額、世界の製造業者のプロファイル、ナノカーボンの各種製造技術、ナノカーボンのアプリケーションとエンドユーザー市場などについてまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

イントロダクション

エグゼクティブサマリー

CNTの技術と産業:概要

  • 経緯
  • ナノチューブのタイプ
  • CNTの品質と特性
  • カーボンナノチューブのプライシングと価値動向

CNTの生産能力・生産量・生産額

  • 多層カーボンナノチューブ (MWNT)
  • 単層カーボンナノチューブ (SWNT)
  • フラーレン
  • カーボンナノファイバー
  • グラフェン
  • 世界の生産能力
  • 生産能力:地域別

カーボンナノチューブ製造業者

  • アジアのナノカーボン製造業者(89社)
  • 欧州の製造業者(31社)
  • 北米の製造業者(85社)

ナノカーボン製造手法

  • CNT製造手法
  • 製造技術の新たな開発
  • 分離・精製
  • CNT生成の機器・材料・技術・システムとCNTアプリケーション

ナノカーボン アプリケーション・市場

  • 市場成長因子
  • カーボンナノチューブ アプリケーション
  • 航空宇宙
  • 自動車
  • 塗装
  • 複合材
  • カーボンナノチューブマスターバッチ製造
  • 金属
  • 建設業
  • エネルギー
  • 電子デバイス
  • 玩具
  • 海洋・海上
  • サーフボード・カヤック
  • ステルス対応消音スピーカー
  • 医療
  • MEMS・NEMS
  • MOEMS(MICRO OPTICAL ELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEM)
  • 多層カーボンナノチューブによるナノロータリーデバイス
  • 計測学
  • マイクロ流体
  • 軍事
  • オプティクス・フォトニクス
  • センサー・プローブ
  • スポーツ用品
  • テキスタイル、など

CNT対応製品・製造業者(700件以上)

特許分析

付録

目次

Nanotechnology is one of the most important technologies in this century and it is evoking a new industrial revolution. Nanotechnology is changing basic research in the fields of information technology, biological science, environmental science, energy sources, material science, and others. The trend of industrial elements toward small features, high density, fast transmission, low energy cost and high production rate, has generated a greater requirement of miniaturization for elemental materials. Nanomaterial containing nanostructures are the best material to fulfill these needs. Carbon nanotubes are among the most broadly discussed, researched and applied.

Since their discovery in 1991, carbon nanotubes have attracted much attention and research funding, due to the strength of their cylindrical structure, which is constructed of a hexagonal array of carbon atoms. Their structure, as well as the unique electrical, magnetic, and optic characteristics have generated a huge potential of industrial and scientific applications. The fields of carbon nanotube applications include: photo-electric elements, electric elements, biomedical science, energy materials, and artificial diamonds. International technology and industry are focused on this technology, without regard to countries, or research fields. International industrial giants with interest in this technology include IBM, Intel, and NASA in the United States, NEC, Samsung and Showa Denko Companies in Japan, and Max-Planck Institute in Germany. International technology companies are keenly interested in the application of the carbon nanotube to current and future technologies. There can be as many as 40 billion carbon nanotubes contained in a square millimeter.

Carbon nanotubes are microscopic, tube-shaped structures, which essentially have a composition of a graphite sheet rolled into a tube. Carbon nanotubes have unique, interesting and potentially useful electrical and mechanical properties, and offer potential for various uses in electronic devices. Carbon nanotubes also feature extremely high electrical conductivity, very small diameters (much less than 100 nanometers), large aspect ratios (i.e. length/diameter ratios greater than 1000), and a tip-surface area near the theoretical limit (the smaller the tip-surface area, the more concentrated the electric field, and the greater the field enhancement factor). These features make carbon nanotubes ideal for electron field emitters, white light sources, lithium secondary batteries, hydrogen storage cells, transistors, and cathode ray tubes (CRTs).

Carbon nanotubes can be used in applications that include Field Emission Devices, memory devices (high-density memory arrays, memory logic switching arrays), Nano-MEMs, AFM imaging probes, distributed diagnostics sensors, and strain sensors. Other key applications include: thermal control materials, super strength and light weight reinforcement and nanocomposites, EMI shielding materials, catalytic support, gas storage materials, high surface area electrodes, and light weight conductor cable and wires.

Other carbon nano products include graphene, a flat two-dimensional sheet of carbon atoms, which is reminiscent of chicken wire and is used as substitutes for carbon nanotubes. Fullerenes, originally called Buckminster fullerenes for their geodesic dome shape, (which also resemble microscopic soccer balls) find use in chemical planarization. Carbon nanofibers find use as battery and composite additives.

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

The goal of the study was to perform an exhaustive look at the field of nanocarbon materials, with a focus on single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT), multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNT) and fullerenes, while also investigating carbon nanofiber production and technology. More than 180 companies were found to be manufacturing nanocarbon materials that measured 100 nanometers, or less. Those companies are profiled in the report, which includes contact information. Companies that have gone out of business, or merged with other companies in the past two years, are also noted.

Further, an exhaustive search was made of companies, which are incorporating carbon nanotubes and other nanocarbon materials into products that are now being sold. In addition, the study looked at products, which are under development, and are likely to enter the market in the next five to ten years. The activities of more than 900 companies and institutions in the past two years are noted.

The study set out to find the extent to which carbon nanotubes are being actively researched for new products, and by how many companies. The author found that there are about 160 companies worldwide, which are pursuing the manufacture of various forms of nanocarbon. There are more than 1,000 companies and institutions that are developing, or producing products, which incorporate carbon nanotubes. While sales may be measured in thousands of tons for the first time in 2010, the activity in developing new products is intense, and new manufacturing techniques that overcome prior problems are being developed by a wide range of companies.

The study set out to determine the cost of constructing carbon nanotube and other forms of nanocarbon manufacturing facilities, as well as the cost of the chemicals and processes needed to accomplish that goal.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Nanotechnologies can advantageously be used to provide elements embedded, or associated with paths (e.g. thermal, power, signal, and data), control devices (e.g. switch and valve), sensors (e.g. temperature, vibration, strain, radiation and light), and “intelligent” devices (e.g. processor and Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)).

Nanotechnology refers to technology development at the atomic, molecular, or macromolecular levels, in length scale of approximately 1-100 nanometer range. Nanotechnology offers significant performance improvements over the capabilities of today' s technology. For example, Carbon Nanotube (CNT) is a new form of carbon configurationally equivalent to a two dimensional graphene sheet rolled into a tube. The nanotubes have diameters, which range from a few nanometers to <100 nanometers). Their lengths vary from micrometers to millimeters, at current state of technology development.

Carbon nanotube has the potential to improve tensile strength of steel by several hundred times, aluminum thermal conductivity by 600 times, while improving copper electrical conductivity by orders of magnitude.

There are a number of advantages in using nanotube materials: data signal, and power paths can be constructed with nano material exhibiting superior electrical conductivity. Also, the nano material exhibits superior thermal conductivity and can be used to construct the thermal paths (e.g. in terms of nano heat pipe). Such material is being currently developed in various private and government institutions worldwide. Nano sensors, such as optical and photovoltaic, are also being developed by private companies and government institutions, as are nano electromechanical systems (NEMS).

With this background of CNT enabling many nanotechnology applications, iRAP felt a need to conduct a detailed study, which includes current and emerging technologies, new developments and market opportunities. Since carbon nanofibers, fullerenes, graphene and nanodiamonds are in the same family of materials, we have included them in this study.

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY

The study counts more than 700 companies incorporating carbon nanotubes into products for aerospace and aviation, automotive, composites and coatings, energy, environmental, information technology, manufacturing, medical, MEMS and NEMS, military and defense, advanced polymers, sensor, as well as sports and textile applications. Additionally, more than 180 companies are manufacturing nanocarbon materials, including single wall nanotubes, multiwall carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, nanodiamonds, carbon nanofiber and graphene.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The primary focus of the report is the production of multi-wall carbon nanotubes and single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT). However, attention is paid to producers of nano-carbon fibers that range above and below the threshold for nanotechnologies, having a measurement smaller than 100 nanometers. The report examines production of carbon nanomaterial in Europe, Asia and North America

Attention is also paid to producers and consumer of graphene, which is basically an unrolled carbon nanotube, consisting of a single atom layer of carbon molecules. The report provides a brief, but thorough, update on activities in the field of carbon nanomaterials for the past two years and projects their growth through 2015.

Both the International Standards Organization (ISO) and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) subdivide nanomaterials into “nano-objects” and “nano-structured materials.” According to ISO TS 27687, nano-objects include nanoplates, nanofibers and nanoparticles, and are nano-scale at least in their exterior measurements. In other words, they measure between one and 100 nanometers in length, width or height. Another ISO working group is currently working on the hierarchy and definitions of nanostructured materials, which include materials with a nanoscale structure within the material or on its surface. Prominent examples are nanocomposites, agglomerates and larger aggregates.

These kinds of aggregates and agglomerates are composed of primary particles (<100 nm), which occur at an intermediate stage during the manufacturing process and react with each other under the relevant process conditions to form larger stable aggregates. In these aggregates, the primary particles are firmly connected by a chemical bond. For their part, the aggregates form micrometer-size agglomerates as a result of van der Waals forces.

The nanographite structure/metal nanoparticle composites have clear industrial applications. For example, due to its mechanical and/or electrical properties, the nanographite composites can be used in structures ranging from clothes and sports gear, to combat jackets and space elevators, as well as in semiconductors, fluorescent indicator tubes, fuel cells, and gas storage. Furthermore, the composite can also have biomedical/biotechnological applications, such as vectors for gene therapy, cosmetics, drug delivery systems, and biosensors.

A nanofiber is an ultra-fine fiber having a diameter of 1-800 nm, and has various physical properties that cannot be gained from a conventional fiber. A nanofiber web, used as a membrane type porous materia,l may be usefully applied to various fields, such as filters, wound dressings, artificial supporters, defensive clothes against biochemical weapons, separation membranes for secondary batteries, and nanocomposites.

TO WHOM THE STUDY CATERS

The study caters to those who wish to know the depth and breadth of the markets for carbon nanotubes and other nano-carbon materials. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have recently attracted considerable attention due to their unique electronic, mechanical and structural properties. Carbon nanotubes have been shown to be electrically conductive, while concurrently having high tensile strength and elasticity, as well as the ability to absorb gas molecules as nanocapillaries, the potential of further chemical functionalization, and chemical and thermostability. These qualities make carbon nanotubes prime candidates for use in nanomolecular and/or electronic devices.

REPORT SUMMARY

Nanocarbon products include single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT), fullerenes, graphene, carbon nanofiber and nanodiamonds. Production capacity for all products increased from 996 metric tons in 2008 to more than 2190 tons in 2009 and 4065 tons of capacity in 2010, and is expected to exceed 12,300 tons in 2015, a compound annual growth rate of 24.8% a year. Total production value is expected to reach about $435 million in 2010 and reach a value of $1.3 billion in 2015.

Major findings of this report are:

  • Production capacity far exceeds actual production. Only about 340 tons of carbon nano products were produced in 2008, about 500 tons in 2009 and about 710 tons are expected to have been produced in 2010, which represents about 17% of capacity. However, actual production is expected to reach more than 9300 tons in 2015, representing a growth rate of 67.3% annually and about 80% of production capacity.
  • Prices for all products are expected to fall by an average of about 12% a year for the next five years.
  • Growth is chiefly driven by multi-walled carbon nanotubes. World production capacity for multi-wall carbon nanotubes exceeded 390 tons in 2008, reached 1,500 tons in 2009, and is expected to exceed 3,400 tons per year (tpy) by the end of 2010. Producytion capacity for MWNT is projected to reach 9,400 tons by 2015.
  • SWNTs are the most expensive nano carbon product. They are much more difficult to produce than MWCNTs and are best suited for electronic applications. In 10 to 15 years, SWNT are expected to replace silicon as the key material in computer chips.
  • Despite the quickly growing capacity for carbon nanotubes, demand has not yet caught up with capacity. However, manufacturers have been increasing capacity in order to be ready to capitalize on that future demand, which is expected to grow rapidly over the next five to ten years.
  • For both SWNTs and MWNTs, Asia' s production capacity is two to three times higher than that estimated for North America and Europe combined; Japan is the prominent leader in the production of MWNTs, but China and Korea are rapidly catching up. Use of CNTs in lithium-ion battery electrodes is the current driving force of ton-scale MWNT production in Japan.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY
  • SCOPE AND FORMAT
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • WHOM THE STUDY CATERS TO
  • AUTHOR' S CREDENTIALS
    • AUTHOR' S CREDENTIALS (CONTINUED)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE A NANOCARBON GLOBAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY (TONS)
    • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (CONTINUED)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE A NANOCARBON GLOBAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY 2010-2015 (TONS)
  • SUMMARY TABLE B GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF CARBON NANO MATERIALS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 (TONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE B GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF CARBON NANO MATERIALS BY TYPE, 2010-2015 (TONS)
    • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (CONTINUED)
  • SUMMARY TABLE C PRICE SUMMARY FOR NANO CARBON MATERIALS PER TON (PRICES ARE IN THOUSANDS (K) AND MILLIONS (M) PER METRIC TON)
  • SUMMARY TABLE D NANOCARBON PRODUCTION VALUE ACCORDING TO TYPES.2010-2015 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE C NANOCARBON PRODUCTION VALUE ACCORDING TO TYPES.2010-2015 ($ MILLIONS)
    • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (CONTINUED)

CNT TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

  • FIGURE 1. COMPARISON OF DIAMETERS OF VARIOUS FIBROUS CARBON BASED MATERIALS
  • FIGURE 2. NANOCARBON FAMILY
    • HISTORY
    • TYPES OF NANOTUBES
      • FIGURE 3. TYPES OF NANOTUBES: MWNT, DWNT, SWMT, ARMCHAIR, ZIGZAG CHIRAL
      • TABLE 1. TYPES OF CARBON NANOTUBES SUPPLIED
  • SINGLE WALL NANO TUBE (SWNT)
    • FIGURE 4. TYPES OF SINGLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBES: METALLIC, SEMICONDUCTOR AND SEMI-METAL
    • FIGURE 5. SINGLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBE TYPES
  • ARMCHAIR/METALLIC SWNT
  • CHIRAL/SEMICONDUCTING SWNT
  • ZIGZAG/SEMI-METAL SWNT
  • FET GRADE SWNT
  • MULTIPLE WALL NANOTUBE (MWNT)
  • DWNT/DOUBLE WALL NANOTUBE
  • INDUSTRIAL GRADE MWNT
  • RESEARCH GRADE MWNT
  • ALIGNED MWNT
  • FUNCTIONALIZED SWNT & MWNT
  • BUCKY PAPER
  • CARBON NANOFIBERS
    • FIGURE 6. CARBON NANOFIBERS
  • GRAPHENE
    • GRAPHENE (CONTINUED)
    • GRAPHENE (CONTINUED)
    • GRAPHENE (CONTINUED)
  • THERMALLY EXFOLIATED GRAPHITE OXIDE
  • AA STACKED GRAPHENE
  • GRAPHENE NANOMESH
    • GRAPHENE NANOMESH (CONTINUED)
  • NANOPATTERNED GRAPHENE
  • FULLERENES
    • FULLERENES (CONTINUED)
  • NANODIAMONDS
  • NANODIAMOND SYNTHESIZED AT DREXEL UNIVERSITY
    • NANODIAMOND SYNTHESIZED AT DREXEL UNIVERSITY (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 7. NANODIAMONDS
      • FIGURE 8. “MARIMO (CLADOPHORA SAUTERI)” CARBON
  • CNT QUALITIES AND PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 2. CARBON NANOTUBE QUALITIES
    • TABLE 3. CARBON NANOTUBE TECHNOLOGY FACTORS
    • TABLE 4. COMPARISON OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CARBON NANOTUBES
    • TABLE 5. SWNT AND MWNT PROPERTIES COMPARISON
    • TABLE 6. TENSILE STRENGTH COMPARISON (MEGAPASCAL-MPA)
    • FIGURE 9. TENSILE STRENGTH COMPARISON ULTIMATE STRENGTH (MPA)
    • FIGURE 10. RELATIVE SPECIFIC STRENGTH (KN" M/KG)
    • TABLE 7. RELATIVE SPECIFIC STRENGTH KILONEWTON PER SQUARE METER (KN M2/KG)
  • PRICING AND VALUE TRENDS FOR CARBON NANOTUBES
  • MULTIWALL CARBON NANOTUBES PRICES AND VALUES
    • TABLE 8. PRICES FOR MULTI-WALL NANOTUBES BASED ON DIAMETER AND QUANTITY
    • TABLE 9. MWNT GROWTH 2010-2015
    • FIGURE 11. PRICING TREND FOR MULTIWALL CARBON NANOTUBES ($1,000 PER TON)
    • TABLE 10. MULTI-WALL CARBON NANOTUBES: PRICE, CAPACITY, PRODUCTION, VALUE, 2010-2015
    • TABLE 11. MULTI WALLED CARBON NANOTUBE -MWNTS PRICES
    • TABLE 12. GRAPHITIZED MULTI WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES PRICING
  • SINGLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBES PRICES AND VALUES
    • TABLE 13. SINGLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBES: CAPACITY, PRICE, PRODUCTION, 2010-2015
    • FIGURE 12. PRICING TREND FOR SWNT NANOTUBES (MILLIONS OF DOLLARS PER TON)
    • TABLE 14. SINGLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCTION SCENARIOS, 2010-2015
    • TABLE 15. SINGLE WALLED CARBON NANOTUBE PRICES
    • TABLE 16. NOH FUNCTIONALIZED CARBON NANOTUBES -OH CNTS PRICING
    • TABLE 17. COOH FUNCTIONALIZED CARBON NANOTUBES -COOH CNTS PRICING
    • TABLE 18. SHORT CARBON NANOTUBES (SHORT CNTS) PRICING
    • TABLE 19. SHORT OH FUNCTIONALIZED CARBON NANOTUBES PRICES
    • TABLE 20. SHORT COOH FUNCTIONALIZED CARBON NANOTUBE PRICES
    • TABLE 21. INDUSTRIAL GRADE CARBON NANOTUBES - IGCNTS PRICES

CNT MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION CAPACITY, PRODUCTION AND VALUE

  • TABLE 22. NANOCARBON GLOBAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY (TONS)
  • FIGURE 13. ILLUSTRATION OF NANOCARBON PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY TYPES, 2010-2015 (TONS)
  • TABLE 23. MARKET SHARES OF CARBON NANOMATERIAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY 2010 AND 2015
  • FIGURE 14. SHARES OF CARBON NANOMATERIAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY 2010 & 2015
  • TABLE 24. NANOCARBON FULL CAPACITY VALUE ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 15. NANOCARBON FULL CAPACITY VALUE, 2010-2015
  • TABLE 25. MARKET SHARE OF NANOCARBON MATERIALS FULL CAPACITY VALUE, 2010 AND 2015
  • FIGURE 16. MARKET SHARE OF NANOCARBON MATERIALS FULL CAPACITY VALUE 2010 2015
  • TABLE 26. NANOCARBON GLOBAL PRODUCTION, 2010-2015 (TONS)
  • FIGURE 17. NANOCARBON GLOBAL PRODUCTION, 2010-2015
  • TABLE 27. NANOCARBON PRODUCTION VALUE 2010-2015 (MILLIONS $)
  • FIGURE 18. NANOCARBON PRODUCTION VALUE, 2010-2015
  • TABLE 28. MARKET SHARE VALUES AND PERCENTAGES IN 2010 AND 2015
  • FIGURE 19. 2010 AND 2015 MARKET SHARE VALUE BY TYPE OF CARBON NANOMATERIAL
  • TABLE 29. PRICE SUMMARY FOR CARBON NANOMATERIALS PER TON (PRICES ARE IN THOUSANDS (K) AND MILLIONS (M) OF DOLLARS PER METRIC TON)
  • MULTI-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES (MWNT)
    • TABLE 30. MWNT CAPACITY, PRODUCTION, PRICE AND VALUE 2010-2015
    • FIGURE 20. MULTIWALL NANOTUBES PRODUCTION CAPACITY 2004-2015
    • FIGURE 21. VALUE OF MWNT, 2010-2015
    • TABLE 31. MWNT CARBON NANOTUBES: CAPACITY, PRODUCTION, VALUE PRICE, VALUE SCENARIOS, 2010-2015
    • TABLE 32. TOP MWNT PRODUCERS BY CAPACITY
    • TABLE 33. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CNT PRODUCTION 1983-2015
  • SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES (SWNT)
    • TABLE 34. SWNT GROWTH CAPACITY, PRODUCTION VALUE AND PRICE 2010-2015
    • FIGURE 22. SWNT PRODUCTION 2004-2015
    • TABLE 35. SINGLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBES: CAPACITY, PRODUCTION, VALUE, PRICE, SCENARIOS, 2010-2015
    • TABLE 36. TOP SWNT PRODUCERS
    • TABLE 37. TIMELINE FOR SWNT PRODUCTION
      • TABLE 37. (CONTINUED)
  • FULLERENES
    • TABLE 38. FULLERENES: CAPACITY, PRICE, PRODUCTION, 2010-2015
    • TABLE 39. FULLERENES: CAPACITY, PRICE, PRODUCTION SCENARIOS, 2010-2015
    • FULLERENES (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 40. FULLERENE MARKET LEADERS
      • TABLE 41. TIMELINE FOR FULLERENE PRODUCTION
        • TABLE 41. (CONTINUED)
  • CARBON NANOFIBER
    • TABLE 42. CARBON NANOFIBER GROWTH TONS AND PRICE PER POUND AND VALUE $ MILLIONS
    • TABLE 43. CARBON NANOFIBER SCENARIOS, GROWTH TONS AND PRICE PER POUND AND VALUE $ MILLIONS
    • TABLE 44. TOP TEN CARBON NANOFIBER MANUFACTURERS, CAPACITY
    • TABLE 45. CARBON NANOFIBER PRODUCTION TIMELINE
  • GRAPHENE
    • TABLE 46. GRAPHENE GROWTH AND PRICE PER POUND AND VALUE
    • TABLE 47. GRAPHENE GROWTH SCENARIOS TONS AND PRICE PER POUND AND VALUE
    • TABLE 48. TOP GRAPHENE MANUFACTURERS
    • TABLE 49. GRAPHENE PRODUCTION TIMELINE
  • WORLD PRODUCTION CAPACITY
    • TABLE 50. NANO CARBON PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY REGION 2009, 2010, 2015
    • FIGURE 23. CARBON NANOTUBE PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY REGION 2009, 2010, 2015
    • FIGURE 24. NANO CARBON PRODUCTION SHIFT 2009, 2010, AND 2015 REGION, TONS, MARKET SHARE 2009 BY REGION, TONS, MARKET SHARE 2010
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY REGION
  • ASIA
    • TABLE 51. ASIAN PRODUCTION CAPACITY, 2009-2015
      • TABLE 51. (CONTINUED)
  • EUROPE
    • TABLE 52. EUROPE CARBON NANOTUBE CAPACITY BY COMPANY
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • TABLE 53. NORTH AMERICA CARBON NANOTUBE CAPACITY BY COMPANY
  • CARBON NANOTUBE MANUFACTURERS
  • ASIAN NANO CARBON MANUFACTURERS (89)
  • CHINA
    • TABLE 54. CHINESE CARBON NANOTUBE MANUFACTURERS
  • ALPHANANO TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
  • ARKNANO/FEIBO (SHANGHAI) CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
  • CARBON NANO MATERIALS R&D CENTER/ CHENGDU DESRAN TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
  • HENAN UNION ABRASIVES CORP.
  • HEJI
  • QINHUANGDAO TAIJI RING NANO-PRODUCTS CO., LTD.
  • SHANGHAI ELECTRIC INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC & TRADING CO., LTD.
  • SHENYANG GINA NEW MATERIALS
  • SHENZHEN DYNANONIC CO., LTD.
  • SHENZHEN NANOTECH PORT CO.(NTP)
    • TABLE 54. (CONTINUED)
  • TSINGHUA-NAFINE NANO-POWDER
  • YUHANG
    • TABLE 54. (CONTINUED)
  • INDIA
    • TABLE 55. INDIAN CARBON NANOTUBE MANUFACTURERS
  • CARBON NANO MATERIALS
  • INDIAN OIL CORPORATION
  • INNOVATIONS UNIFIED TECHNOLOGIES
  • INTELLIGENT MATERIALS PVT LTD.
  • MONAD NANOTECH PVT.
  • NANOFACTOR MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES
  • NANOSHEL
  • TECHNANO MATERIALS PVT LTD.
  • CHEMPURE PVT LTD.
  • JAPAN
    • TABLE 56. JAPANESE CARBON NANOTUBE MANUFACTURERS
  • CARBON NANOTUBE RESEARCH INSTITUTE (CNRI)
  • FLOX CORPORATION
  • FRONTIER CARBON CORPORATION
  • GSI CREOS
  • HITACHI ZOSEN CORP.
  • HODOGAYA CHEMICAL
  • HONJO CHEMICAL
    • TABLE 56. (CONTINUED)
  • IDEAL STAR
  • JFE HOLDINGS
  • MITSUBISHI CORPORATION
  • MITSUBISHI GAS CHEMICAL CORPORATION
  • MITSUBISHI/ FRONTIER CARBON CORP
  • MITSUI & CO.
  • MITSUYA BOEKI
  • NANO CARBON TECHNOLOGIES (NCT)
  • NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
  • NEC CORPORATION
  • NEW METALS AND CHEMICALS CORPORATION, LTD.(TOKYO, JP)
    • TABLE 56. (CONTINUED)
  • NIKKISO
    • TABLE 56. (CONTINUED)
  • SANKEI GIKEN KOGYO
  • SHOWA DENKO CARBON (SDK)
  • SUMITOMO CORP.
  • TOHO TENAX
  • TOKYO FUTURE STYLE, INC.
  • TOKYO CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
  • TORAY INDUSTRIES INC.
  • TOYO TANSO CO.
    • TABLE 54. (CONTINUED)
  • KOREA
    • TABLE 57. KOREAN CARBON NANOTUBE MANUFACTURERS
  • APPLIED CARBON NANO TECHNOLOGY CO.
  • BOHONG CO., LTD.
  • CARBON NANO-MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
  • CARBON NANOTECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • EM-POWER CO., LTD.
  • GSNANOTECH CO., LTD.
  • HANWHA CHEMICAL CORP
  • HANWHA NANOTECH CORPORATION/(FORMERLY ILJIN NANOTECH)
    • TABLE 57. (CONTINUED)
  • KUMHO PETROCHEMICAL
  • NANOBEST CORP.
  • NANOKARBON
  • NANOSOLUTION CO., LTD.
  • NEXEN NANO TECH CO., LTD.
  • SAMSUNG SDI
  • WORLDTUBE CO., LTD.
    • TABLE 57. (CONTINUED)
  • OTHERS: AUSTRALIA, IRAN, TAIWAN, VIETNAM, ISRAEL
    • TABLE 58. CARBON NANOTUBE MANUFACTURERS: AUSTRALIA, IRAN, TAIWAN, VIETNAM
  • A.Y.Y.T. - TECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATION AND DATA UPDATE LTD.
  • ADVANCE NANOPOWER INC.
  • AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
  • CARBONNANO PTE LTD.
  • EDEN ENERGY
  • HON HAI INDUSTRIAL (FOXCONN)
  • INSTITUTE FOR MATERIAL SCIENCES
  • IRCHEMIE
  • TECO NANOTECH (TW)
  • YEDA RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LTD.
  • EUROPEAN MANUFACTURERS (31)
    • TABLE 59. EUROPEAN CARBON NANOTUBE MANUFACTURERS (16)
  • ALFA AESAR (UK)
  • AMO GMBH (AT)
  • ARKEMA (FR)
  • BAYER MATERIAL SCIENCES (DE)
  • CANATU OY (FL)
  • CARBEN SEMICON LTD.(RU)
  • CARBON NT&F 21 (AT)
    • TABLE 59. (CONTINUED)
  • CARBO-TEC GMBH (DE)
  • C-POLYMERS (AT)
  • ELECTROVAC (AT)
  • FUTURECARBON GMBH (DE)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL POLYTECHNIQUE DE TOULOUSE ( INPT ) (FR)
  • IOLITEC IONIC LIQUID TECHNOLOGIES GMBH (DE)
    • TABLE 59. (CONTINUED)
  • KAERIA SARL (FR)
  • MEMAPLAST (DE)
    • TABLE 59. (CONTINUED)
  • NANOCARBLAB (NCL) (RU)
  • NANOCYL (BE)
  • NANOTHINX (GR)
  • NEOTECHPRODUCT RESEARCH & PRODUCTION COMPANY, LTD.(RU)
  • N-TEC (NO)
  • PLASMACHEM GMBH
    • TABLE 59. (CONTINUED)
  • Q-FLO LTD.
  • ROSSETER HOLDINGS LTD.(CYPRUS)
  • SCHUNK GRAPHITE TECHNOLOGY, LLC (DE)
  • SGL GROUP (DE)
  • SOLENNE (NE)
  • SURREY NANOSYSTEMS (UK)
  • THOMAS SWAN & CO. (UK)
  • TIMCAL GRAPHITE & CARBON (CH)
    • TABLE 59. (CONTINUED)
  • NORTH AMERICA (85)
    • TABLE 60. NORTH AMERICAN CARBON NANOTUBE MANUFACTURERS (85)
  • ADVANCED DIAMOND TECHNOLOGIES
  • ADVANCED ENERGY TECHNOLOGY INC.
  • AHWAHNEE INC.
  • AMERICAN DYE SOURCE, INC.
  • AMERICAN ELEMENTS
  • AMI DODUCO, INC.
  • ANGSTRON
  • APEX NANOMATERIALS
  • APPLIED NANOTECH, INC.
  • APPLIED SCIENCES, INC.
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • ASBURY CARBONS, INC.
  • ATOMATE CORPORATION
  • BLUE NANO INC.
  • BREWER SCIENCE
  • BUCKEYE COMPOSITES
  • BUCKYUSA
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • CABOT
  • CARBOLEX
  • CARBON SOLUTIONS INC.
  • CATALYTIC MATERIALS LLC
  • CATALYX NANOTECH
  • CHEAP TUBES INC.
  • CNANO
  • CONTINENTAL CARBON COMPANY
  • E-CITY NANO TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • FULLERENE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION/ MITSUBISHI
  • GENERAL NANO LLC (GN)
  • GRAPHENE SOLUTIONS
  • HELIX MATERIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
  • HONDA RESEARCH INSTITUTE USA, INC.
  • HRL LABORATORIES, LLC
  • HYPERION
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • IDAHO SPACE MATERIALS, INC.
  • KLEAN INDUSTRIES
  • JENLAUR LTD.
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • LIFTPORT GROUP
  • LITMUS NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • LUNA NANOWORKS/LUNA INNOVATIONS
  • MATERIALS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER)
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH (MTR) LTD.
  • MICROTECHNANO
  • MKNANO
  • MOLECULAR NANOSYSTEMS
  • MP BIOMEDICALS
  • NANO-C
  • NANOCOMP TECHNOLOGIES
  • NANOCRAFT
  • NANOCS
  • NANODYNAMICS
  • NANOGRAPHITE MATERIALS
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • NANOINTEGRIS
  • NANOLAB
  • NANOLEDGE
  • NANOMAS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
  • NANONB CORP
  • NANO-PROPRIETARY, INC.
  • NANOSHEL LLC
  • NANOSTRUCTURED & AMORPHOUS MATERIALS, INC.
  • NANOSYS, INC.
  • NANOTAILOR
  • NANOTECHLABS
  • NANTERO
  • NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL-CNRC
  • PYROGRAF PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • RAYMOR INDUSTRIES INC.
  • READE
  • RICE UNIVERSITY SMALLEY INSTITUTE FOR NANOSCALE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • SELAH TECHNOLOGIES
  • SES RESEARCH
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH
  • SKYSPRING NANOMATERIALS INC.
  • SOUTHWEST NANOTUBES (SWENT™)
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • STANFORD MATERIALS
  • STANFORD NANOELECTRONICS GROUP
  • SUPERIOR GRAPHITE CO.
  • TAILORED MATERIALS CORPORATION INC.
  • TDA RESEARCH
  • THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION
  • UNIDYM/ARROWHEAD RESEARCH
  • VORBECK MATERIALS CORP.
  • XG SCIENCES
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • XINTEK, INC.
  • Y-CARBON
  • ZYVEX PERFORMANCE MATERIALS
    • TABLE 60. (CONTINUED)
  • NANO CARBON PRODUCTION METHODS
  • CNT PRODUCTION METHODS
  • CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION (CVD)
  • CCVD
  • HWCVD
  • ARC DISCHARGE
    • FIGURE 25. ADVANCED ARC DISCHARGE PROCESS DEVELOPED AT MEIJO UNIVERSITY
    • TABLE 61. COMPONENTS OF CNT PRODUCTION DEVICE
  • LASER ABLATION
    • TABLE 62. CNT PRODUCTION PROCESS COMPARISON
  • OVEN LASER-VAPORIZATION
    • FIGURE 26. DIAGRAM OF AN APPARATUS USING LASER PULSES TO VAPORIZE GRAPHITE TARGET TO PRODUCE SINGLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBES
  • BALL MILLING
  • OTHER MANUFACTURING METHODS
  • AGGLOMERATE FLUIDIZED-BED AND NANO-REACTOR FOR CONTINUOUS MASS PRODUCTION
  • AIST CVD .APPARATUS FOR MASS PRODUCTION OF ALIGNED CNTS AT LOWER COST
    • FIGURE 27. APPARATUS FOR CNT GROWTH
    • AIST CVD APPARATUS FOR MASS PRODUCTION OF ALIGNED CNTS AT LOWER COST (CONTINUED)
  • AIST MICRO PLASMA
    • FIGURE 28. SWNT PRODUCED BY MICRO PLASMA PROCESS
  • BIOMASS CONVERSION
    • BIOMASS CONVERSION (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 29. MICROWAVE PROCESS FOR CARBON AND CARBON-METAL NANOSTRUCTURES
  • CARBON NANOTUBES GROWN ON NANOSTRUCTURED FLAKE SUBSTRATES
  • COMOCATR
    • FIGURE 30. COMOCATR PROCESS
  • DIRECT GROWTH OF ALIGNED CARBON NANOTUBES ON BULK METALS
  • GRAPHENE PRODUCTION BREAKTHROUGH
    • FIGURE 31. ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPE OF A GRAPHENE DEVICE
    • GRAPHENE PRODUCTION BREAKTHROUGH (CONTINUED)
    • GRAPHENE PRODUCTION BREAKTHROUGH (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 32. IMAGES OF HEADWATERS CARBON NANOSPHERES
  • HIGH PRESSURE CARBON MONOXIDE PROCESSING (HIPCO)
  • HONDA RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    • HONDA RESEARCH INSTITUTE (CONTINUED)
  • HODOGAYA CHEMICAL MANUFACTURING PROCESS FOR 3D NANO CARBON FIBROUS STRUCTURE
    • FIGURE 33. SEM NANOCARBON FIBROUS STRUCTURE
  • IONIC BOMBARDMENT FOR CNT SYNTHESIS
  • JFE ENGINEERING ROTATING ARC
    • FIGURE 34. JFE ROTATING ARC
  • MANUFACTURING ADDUCTS MADE WITH CARBON NANOTUBE
  • MICROPHASE DESKTOP CVD PRODUCTION OF CNT
    • FIGURE 35. DESKTOP SYSTEM BY MICROPHASE AND A SCHEMATIC OF ITS OPERATION
  • MICROWAVE PLASMA
  • MICROWAVE SYNTHESIS OF METAL-CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITES
    • FIGURE 36. MICROWAVE SYNTHESIS OF METAL-CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITES
    • FIGURE 37. NANOMETER MWNTS SYNTHESIZED BY MICROWAVE RADIATION
  • OFFSET OPPOSED JET-STIRRED REACTOR (OOJSR)
  • PAKISTANI PROCESS PRODUCES HYDROGEN FOR FUEL CELLS AND HIGH PURITY CARBON NANOTUBES
    • FIGURE 38. PROCESS TO PRODUCE HYDROGEN AND HIGH PURITY CARBON NANOTUBES
  • PICOCAL/ SCANNING PROBE GROWTH™ AND NANOCVD
  • PLASMA
  • PLASMA METHOD- NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
  • PLASMET INDUSTRIAL SCALE HIGH TEMPERATURE INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA
    • PLASMET INDL SCALE HIGH TEMPERATURE INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA (CONTINUED)
  • NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
  • PYROLYSIS TECHNOLOGY- EDEN ENERGY AND INDIAN OIL CORPORATION
    • FIGURE 39. CNT PRODUCED BY PYROLYSIS
    • PYROLYSIS TECHNOLOGY- EDEN ENERGY AND INDIAN OIL CORPORATION (CONTINUED)
  • FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS OF METAL FREE CARBON NANOTUBES
  • SAMSUNG LOW TEMPERATURE CNT MANUFACTURING
  • UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO
  • CARBON NANOTUBE SUPPORTS
  • CARBONATE-BASED CATALYST SUPPORTS
    • CARBONATE-BASED CATALYST SUPPORTS (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 40. CNT GROWN ON CARBONATE-BASED CATALYST SUPPORTS
  • IMPLANTATION
  • ION-EXCHANGE METHOD
  • PYROLYSIS OF CARBONYL COMPOUND
  • REVERSE MICELLE METHOD
  • SOLID SOLUTION METHOD
  • SOL-GEL METHOD
  • CARBON NANOTUBE CATALYSTS
    • TABLE 63. CARBON NANOTUBE CATALYST MATERIALS
  • CARBON NANOTUBE SOLVENTS AND DISPERSION AGENTS
    • TABLE 64. CARBON NANOTUBE SOLVENTS AND DISPERSION AGENTS
  • SURFACE MODIFYING AGENTS
  • POLAR SOLVENTS
  • POLAR ORGANIC SOLVENT
  • SONICATION
  • MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT
  • ELECTROCHEMICAL DEPOSITION AND NUCLEIC ACID DISPERSION
    • ELECTROCHEMICAL DEPOSITION AND NUCLEIC ACID DISPERSION (CONTINUED)
  • ZWITTERIONIC SURFACTANT/HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY
    • TABLE 65. SOLVENTS FOR FULLERENES (MILLIGRAMS/MILLILITER)
  • SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION
    • SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION (CONTINUED)
    • SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 66. CNT SEPARATION TECHNIQUES
  • ABSORPTION- FISHING SYSTEM
    • ABSORPTION- FISHING SYSTEM (CONTINUED)
  • BROMINE SEPARATION AT ROOM TEMPERATURE
  • BULK SEPARATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY BANDGAP
  • CENTRIFUGATION SEPARATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES INTO CHIRALLY ENRICHED FRACTIONS
  • DENSITY DIFFERENTIAL ENHANCEMENT METHODS FOR SEPARATING CARBON NANOTUBES
  • DNA SEPARATION AND SORTING OF SWNT
    • FIGURE 41. DNA SORTING
  • ELECTROMAGNETIC AND LASER SEPARATION OF SWNT
  • EXFOLIATION
  • FLOW DIELECTROPHORETIC SEPARATION OF SINGLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBES
  • FLAVIN MOIETIES
  • FLUORINE GAS/SOXHLET EXTRACTION
  • FREEZE-THAW SEPARATION
    • FIGURE 42. SEPARATION BY FREEZE AND THAW
  • FUNCTIONALIZED POLYMERIC SEPARATION
  • INDUSTRIAL SCALE CENTRIFUGAL METHOD
  • LIQUID LIQUID SEPARATION
  • LASER SEPARATION USING RESONANCE ABSORPTION
  • NANOAFFIX SCIENCE LLC
  • SEPARATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES IN DENSITY GRADIENTS
  • STANFORD SEPARATION BY CHIRALITY
  • VIOLOGEN SEPARATION
  • EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, TECHNIQUES AND SYSTEMS FOR CNT PRODUCTION AND CNT APPLICATIONS
  • COMPANIES SUPPLYING EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS AND SYTEMS
    • TABLE 67. MANUFACTURING EQUIPMENT, TECHNIQUES FOR CARBON NANOTUBES AND CARBON NANOTUBE APPLICATIONS
  • ADA TECHNOLOGIES
  • ADVANCED DIAMOND TECHNOLOGIES
  • ADVANCED EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
  • AIXTRON AG
  • ARKEMA FRANCE
  • ATOMATE
  • BEIJING FUNATE INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.AND HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • BIO NANO CONSULTING
  • BOSTON COLLEGE
  • BROTHER INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
  • CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
  • CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY
  • CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY
  • CENTRE DE RECHERCHE PAUL PASCAL (CRPP)
  • CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
  • CEVP LTD.
  • CHEVRONTEXACO MOLECULAR DIAMOND TECHNOLOGIES.
  • COST (EUROPEAN COOPERATION IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY)
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
  • DREXEL UNIVERSITY
  • ETAMOTA CORPORATION
  • FIRST NANO, A DIVISION OF CVD EQUIPMENT CORPORATION
  • FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • FRAUNHOFER IWS
  • FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • FUTABA CORPORATION
  • HEADWATERS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION, LLC
  • HIELSCHER ULTRASONICS
  • HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY AND TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY
  • HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
  • HONDA RESEARCH INSTITUTE USA INC.
  • IBM
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
  • INTEMATIX CORP.
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTER
  • ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
  • JAPAN NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY
  • LEUVEN NANOCENTER
  • LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY
  • NARA MACHINERY CO., LTD.
  • NACALAI USA
  • NACALAI USA
  • NANOCARBON RESEARCH INSTITUTE LTD.
  • NANOCOMP TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • NANOGRADE
  • NANOHAND
  • NANOINTECH
  • NANORIDGE
  • NANOSEMBLY, LLC
  • NANOTECHNOLOGY NETWORK PROJECT
  • NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • NANOWAL, UNIVERSITE CATHERIQUE DE LOUVAIN (UCL)
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AEROSPACE ASSOCIATES
  • NEW ENERGY AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION (NEDO)
  • NEW JERSEY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • NEXGEN SEMI HOLDING, INC.
  • OXFORD INSTRUMENTS
  • Q-FLO LIMITED
  • RAYTHEON COMPANY
  • RESEARCH FOUNDATION OF STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK
  • RICE UNIVERSITY
  • SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
  • SEMES CO., LTD.
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • SEOCAL INC.
  • SONY DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
  • STANFORD UNIVERSITY
  • STANFORD UNIVERSITY
  • STRATEK PLASTIC LTD.
  • SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
  • SUNGKYUNKWAN UNIVERSITY CARBON NANOTUBE RESEARCH LABORATORY
  • SURREY NANOSYSTEMS
  • SUSSEX NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY CENTRE, DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY, UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX
  • TAIWAN TEXTILE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
  • TATUNG COMPANY
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • TATEYAMA KAGAKU GROUP
  • TDA RESEARCH, INC.
  • TOPTEC CO., LTD.
  • TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE
  • TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY AND HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
  • TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY AND HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • U. CHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC
  • UNIDYM, INC.
  • UNIVERSITY OF AKRON
  • UNIVERSITY OF ANTWERP
  • UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
  • UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY
  • UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE
  • UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
  • UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA
  • UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO
  • UNIVERSITY OF UTAH
  • US DOE
  • US SYNTHETIC CORPORATION
  • ZOZ GMBH
    • TABLE 67. (CONTINUED)
  • METROLOGY FOR CARBON NANOTUBES
  • TRANSPORTATION
  • NANO CARBON APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS
  • MARKET DRIVERS
  • CARBON NAOTUBE APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 68. UPPER LIMITS OF CARBON NANOTUBE DEMAND
    • TABLE 69. CARBON NANOTUBE APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 69. (CONTINUED)
    • TABLE 70. SWNT APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 70. (CONTINUED)
    • TABLE 71. HIGH VOLUME CNT APPLICATIONS: PRESENT AND NEAR TERM
    • TABLE 72. FULLERENE APPLICATIONS
  • APPLICATIONS FOR AEROGELS BASED ON CARBON NANOTUBES
  • AEROSPACE
    • TABLE 73. COMPARISON OF AIRFRAME MATERIALS
  • ESD AND EMI
  • DE-ICING
  • SPACE
  • SPACE MATERIALS
    • SPACE MATERIALS (CONTINUED)
    • SPACE MATERIALS (CONTINUED)
  • AUTOMOTIVE
    • FIGURE 43. CNT SUBSTITUTIONS FOR AL AND MG
  • RECREATIONAL VEHICLES AND CARAVANS
  • COATINGS
    • TABLE 74. CARBON NANOTUBE COATINGS APPLICATIONS
    • COATINGS (CONTINUED)
  • COMPOSITES
    • COMPOSITES (CONTINUED)
  • ALUMINUM/CNT COMPOSITES
  • COPPER COMPOSITES
  • CEMENT COMPOSITES
    • CEMENT COMPOSITES (CONTINUED)
    • CEMENT COMPOSITES (CONTINUED)
  • CERAMIC COMPOSITES
  • EPOXIES
  • ELASTOMERS
    • FIGURE 44. NANORIDGE HNBR COMPOSITE
    • TABLE 75. ELASTOMERS INCORPORATING CARBON NANOTUBES
  • FIBERGLASS
  • POLYMERS
    • TABLE 76. POLYMERS AND CNT BENEFITS
      • TABLE 76. (CONTINUED)
    • TABLE 77. COMPARISON OF CONDUCTIVE FILLERS
    • TABLE 78. NORTH AMERICAN PLASTICS PRODUCTION - 1999 AND 2007 (MILLIONS OF POUNDS, DRY WEIGHT BASIS)
    • TABLE 79. RESINS SALES BY MAJOR MARKETS (MILLIONS OF POUNDS)
    • FIGURE 45. MARKETS FOR NANO POLYMERS NANOFILLER ADDITIONS 0.1%-20%
    • TABLE 80. COMPOUNDS BLENDED WITH CNT
    • POLYMERS (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 46. NANOCARBON COMPOSITE SUPPLY CHAIN
  • CARBON NANOTUBE MASTERBATCH MANUFACTURING
    • TABLE 81. CARBON NANOTUBE MASTERBATCH PRODUCTS BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 81. (CONTINUED)
  • ARKEMA
    • TABLE 82. ARKEMA GRAPHISTRENGTHR PRODUCTS
  • NANOCYL
  • BUCKYPAPER COMPOSITES
  • WORLD' S HARDEST PLASTIC NANOCOMPOSITE
  • MAGNESIUM
  • STEEL COMPOSITES
  • METALS
  • TITANIUM CNT METAL MATRIX
  • CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
    • CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY (CONTINUED)
  • ENERGY
  • BATTERIES
    • FIGURE 47. CNT-BASED CONDUCTIVE ADDITIVES FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY
  • WORLD' S SMALLEST BATTERY CREATED AT CINT NANOTECHNOLOGY CENTER
    • WORLD' S SMALLEST BATTERY CREATED AT CINT NANOTECHNOLOGY CENTER (CONTINUED)
  • ATOMIC SCALE BATTERY
  • FUEL CELLS
  • FUEL IGNITION
    • FUEL IGNITION (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 48. ROCKET ENGINE USING CARBON NANOTUBES AND NANO-METALLIC FUEL IGNITION
      • FIGURE 49. INTERNAL COMBUSTION USING LIGHT ACTIVATED NANOMATERIAL FUEL IGNITION
  • HYDROGEN STORAGE
  • LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED)
    • FIGURE 50. UNIVERSITY OF MONTREAL CNT OLED
  • GRAPHENE ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL (LEC)
  • INSULATION
    • FIGURE 51. SEM MICROGRAPHS OF NANOFOAM MORPHOLOGIES
  • ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT (EL) DISPLAY
  • LIGHT BULB
  • OIL FIELD
  • PYRODIELECTROPHORETIC HEAT ENGINE
  • SOLAR POWER
    • TABLE 83. CNT PROPERTIES BENEFITING SOLAR POWER
  • THREE DIMENSIONAL SOLAR CELL DESIGN
    • FIGURE 52. GEORGIA TECH CARBON NANOTUBE CADMIUM TELLURIDE SOLAR CELL MICRON-SCALE “TOWERS”
    • THREE DIMENSIONAL SOLAR CELL DESIGN (CONTINUED)
  • SUPERCAPACITORS
  • SPRINGS
  • THERMOCELLS
    • FIGURE 53. CARBON NANOTUBE THERMOCELL
  • WIND
    • WIND (CONTINUED)
  • WIRING/TRANSMISSION LINES
    • FIGURE 54. NANOCOMP TECHNOLOGIES NANOTUBE WIRE
  • ELECTRONIC DEVICES
  • ANTENNAS
  • CHEMICAL MECHANICAL PLANARIZATION (CMP)
  • CLEAN ROOM
  • CMOS IMAGE SENSORS
  • CONDUCTIVE COATING
  • DIODES
  • DISPLAYS
    • FIGURE 55. CARBON NANOTUBE HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY
  • ELECTRO STATIC DISCHARGE
  • EMI & ESD
  • NANOCOMP TECHNOLOGIES
  • INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTER ONION-LIKE-CARBON
  • CARBON NANOTUBE NANOMESH
    • FIGURE 56. FIELD EMISSION DEVICES/DISPLAYS
    • CARBON NANOTUBE NANOMESH (CONTINUED)
    • CARBON NANOTUBE NANOMESH (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 84. COMPARISON OF COMPETITIVE TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATING TECHNOLOGY
    • CARBON NANOTUBE NANOMESH (CONTINUED)
  • FOUP
  • HEAT SINKS
    • HEAT SINKS (CONTINUED)
  • INTEL
  • IBM
  • HON HAI PRECISION
  • CHIEN-MIN SUNG
  • NANOCONDUCTION INC.
  • LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION
  • FUJITSU LABORATORIES
  • SUNLEE HOLDINGS
    • FIGURE 57. SUNLEE HOLDINGS ALIGNED GRAPHITE (AG™)
  • OTHERS HEAT SINK DEVELOPERS
  • HEAT SINKS-LASER
  • INTERCONNECTS
  • INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
    • FIGURE 58. PHOTO AND ILLUSTRATION (INSET) OF CARBON NANOTUBE CIRCUITS
  • MAGNETIC RECORDING MEDIUM
    • MAGNETIC RECORDING MEDIUM (CONTINUED)
  • MEMORY CHIPS
    • TABLE 85. CNT APPLICATION TO MEMORY DEVICES
  • NANOWIRES
    • FIGURE 59. CARBON NANOTUBE WIRE
  • NANO-OPTICS
    • FIGURE 60. BOSTON COLLEGE CARBON NANOTUBE OPTICAL SWITCH
    • FIGURE 61. PROCESS STEPS TO FORM CARBON NANOTUBE OPTICAL SWITCH
  • RADIO FREQUENCY (RF)
  • HRL LABORATORIES, LLC
  • LBNL RADIO RECEIVER
  • IBM RADIO-FREQUENCY GRAPHENE TRANSISTOR
  • OSAKA GAS GIGAHERTZ RANGE CNT RESINS
    • OSAKA GAS GIGAHERTZ RANGE CNT RESINS (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 62. TEM PHOTOGRAPH SHOWING HOW IRON-CARBON COMPOSITES ARE PRESENT IN THE CARBONACEOUS RESIN MATERIAL
  • RFID CARBON NANOTUBE-BASED TAGS COULD REPLACE BAR CODES
    • FIGURE 63. CARBON NANOTUBE RFID TAG TO REPLACE BAR CODES
    • RFID CARBON NANOTUBE-BASED TAGS COULD REPLACE BAR CODES (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 64. RFID TAGS PRINTED THROUGH A NEW ROLL-TO-ROLL
  • TRANSISTORS
    • TRANSISTORS (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 86. CARBON NANOTUBE ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS BY COMPANY
  • VLSI-COMPATIBLE METALLIC NANOTUBE REMOVAL (VMR)
  • HOUSEHOLD/CONSUMER ITEMS
  • ARCHITECTURAL APPLICATIONS
  • HEATERS
  • NAIL POLISH
  • SPEAKERS
    • SPEAKERS (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 65. FRAUNHOFER CNT BASED SPEAKERS
  • TOYS
  • MARINE AND MARITIME
  • OUTERLIMITS OFFSHORE POWERBOATS
  • AROVEX CARBON NANOTUBE BOAT
    • FIGURE 66. ZYVEX AROVEX CARBON NANOTUBE BOAT
    • TABLE 87. CARBON NANOTUBE BOAT VERSUS TYPICAL FIBERGLASS BOAT
  • US NAVY AND COAST GUARD
    • FIGURE 67. MILITARY CRAFT USING CNT
  • MARINE COATINGS
  • SURFBOARDS AND KAYAKS
  • STEALTH CAPABLE NOISE CANCELING SPEAKERS
    • FIGURE 68. CARBON NANOTUBE ACOUSTIC SOUND PROJECTION AND DAMPENING
    • FIGURE 69. CARBON NANOTUBE SONAR
  • MEDICAL USE
    • MEDICAL USE (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 88. NANOCARBON TUBE MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 89. CARBON NANOTUBE MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY COMPANY
  • ARTIFICIAL KIDNEY
  • ARTIFICIAL MUSCLE
  • ARTIFICIAL LIGAMENTS
  • ATP DETECTION
  • MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI) CONTRAST AGENT
  • COLLAGEN AND SWCNT TO REPAIR SKIN
  • NERVE REPAIR
  • PROSTHESES
  • NEUROPROSTHETIC DEVICES
  • STENTS
  • MEMS AND NEMS
  • MICRO OPTICAL ELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEMS (MOEMS)
  • NANO-ROTARY DEVICES MADE WITH MULTIWALL CARBON NANOTUBES
    • NANO-ROTARY DEVICES MADE WITH MWNT(CONTINUED)
  • METROLOGY
  • NANODIAMONDS FOR IMAGING AT MACQUARIE UNIVERSITY
  • PHASE TRANSITIONS-UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON
  • ULTRA SHARP DIAMOND TIP
    • ULTRA SHARP DIAMOND TIP (CONTINUED)
  • MICROFLUIDICS
  • MILITARY
  • OPTICS AND PHOTONICS
    • TABLE 90. OPTICS, PHOTONICS AND CARBON NANOTUBE APPLICATIONS
  • SENSORS AND PROBES
    • SENSORS AND PROBES (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 91. CARBON NANOTUBE SENSORS IN DEVELOPMENT
  • SPORTS EQUIPMENT
  • TEXTILES
  • BALLISTIC MATERIALS
  • COMPOSITE CNT/SILICA FIBERS
  • E-TEXTILES & WEARABLE ELECTRONICS
  • KURARYLIVING CO., LTD.(KURARAY) AND MITSUI & CO., LTD.
  • FULL-FACE HEATING CNTEC FABRIC HEATER COATED WITH CARBON NANOTUBES
    • FIGURE 70. FULL-FACE HEATING CNTEC FABRIC HEATER
  • POLYMER/CNT FIBER COMPOSITES
  • OTHER APPLICATIONS
  • ADHESIVES
    • ADHESIVES (CONTINUED)
  • AGRICULTURE
    • FIGURE 71. CARBON NANOTUBES AND PLANT GROWTH
  • AIRPORT INSPECTIONS- FAST COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY X-RAY
    • FIGURE 72. SIEMENS AND XINTEK FAST COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY WITH CARBON NANOTUBES
  • ANTI-COUNTERFEITING
  • CARBON CAPTURE
  • ELECTRO-OPTIC WINDOWS
  • ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP
  • EARTHQUAKE PROTECTION
  • FILTRATION AND NANOPUMPING
  • FIRE PROTECTION
  • FLAME RETARDATION
  • FLEXIBLE ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE HEATERS
  • PRINTABLE ELECTRONIC NANOTUBE INKS AND CONCENTRATES (PENTIAC)
  • FLUORINE GAS STORAGE IN CARBON NANOHORNS IN GAS CLEANING DEVICES
  • HEAT CONDUCTORS (HEAT CONDUCTION PROPERTIES)
  • MEMBRANE EXTRACTION
  • MICRO-BRUSHES
    • MICRO-BRUSHES (CONTINUED)
      • FIGURE 73. CNT MICRO-BRUSHES
  • SECURITY/ANTI-COUNTERFEITING
  • SPONGES
  • SUPER-COMPRESSIBLE FOAM-LIKE CARBON NANOTUBE FILMS
  • SUPER CONDUCTORS
  • SUPER DARK ABSORBERS: THERMOPHOTOVOLTAIC, RADAR & INFRARED USES
    • FIGURE 74. SUPER DARK ABSORBERS
  • WASTEWATER TREATMENT
  • WATER DESALINATION
  • WATER TREATMENT TO REMOVE HEAVY METALS
  • MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION
    • TABLE 92. CARBON NANOTUBE APPLICATION BY INDUSTRY
    • FIGURE 75. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT WITH CNT BY 400 COMPANIES
    • MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION (CONTINUED)
  • CNT ENABLED PRODUCTS AND MANUFACTURERS (700+)
  • AEROSPACE AND AVIATION APPLICATION OF NANOCARBONS BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 93. AEROSPACE AND AVIATION APPLICATION OF NANOCARBONS BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 93. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 93. (CONTINUED)
  • AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 94. AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 94. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 94. (CONTINUED)
  • CHEMICAL APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 95. CHEMICAL APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 95. (CONTINUED)
  • COATING APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 96. COATING APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 96. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 96. (CONTINUED)
  • COMPOSITE APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES
    • TABLE 97. COMPOSITE APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 97. (CONTINUED)
  • CONSTRUCTION APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES
    • TABLE 98. CONSTRUCTION APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES
  • ENERGY APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 99. ENERGY APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY/INSTITUTION
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 99. (CONTINUED)
  • ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 100. ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY/INSTITUTION
      • TABLE 100. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 100. (CONTINUED)
  • INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 101. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY/INSTITUTION
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 101. (CONTINUED)
  • MEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 102. MEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY/INSTITUTION
      • TABLE 102. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 102. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 102. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 102. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 102. (CONTINUED)
  • MEMS AND NEMS APPLICATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 103. MEMS AND NEMS APPLICATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 103. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 103. (CONTINUED)
  • METROLOGY APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 104. METROLOGY APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 104. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 104. (CONTINUED)
  • MICROFLUIDICS APPLICATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 105. MICROFLUIDICS APPLICATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY/INSTITUTION
      • TABLE 105. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 105. (CONTINUED)
  • MILITARY AND DEFENSE APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 106. MILITARY AND DEFENSE APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 106. (CONTINUED)
  • POLYMER AND POLYMER COMPOSITE APPLICATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 107. POLYMER AND POLYMER COMPOSITE APPLICATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY COMPANY
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 107. (CONTINUED)
  • SENSOR APPLICATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES
    • TABLE 108. SENSOR APPLICATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES
      • TABLE 108. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 108. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 108. (CONTINUED)
  • SPORTS APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES
    • TABLE 109. SPORTS APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES
      • TABLE 109. (CONTINUED)
  • TEXTILE APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES
    • TABLE 110. TEXTILE APPLICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES
      • TABLE 110. (CONTINUED)
  • INNO.CNT NETWORK PRODUCT
    • TABLE 111. INNO-CNT RESEARCH PROJECTS
    • TABLE 112. INNO.CNT NETWORK PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
      • TABLE 112. (CONTINUED)
      • TABLE 112. (CONTINUED)
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • TABLE 113. PATENTS ISSUDE TO COMPANIES AND INSTITUTIONS
  • RESEARCH
  • NORTH AMERICA
  • NANOCABLE PROJECT
  • ULTRA-HIGH CONDUCTIVITY UMBILICAL
  • SANDIA LABORATORY
  • EUROPE
  • AMBIO
  • CARBONCHIP
  • CARBOBAU
  • CARBOAIR, CARBOCAR, CARBOSPACE AND CARBOROAD
  • CARBOPOWER
  • CARBOMEMBRAN
  • CARBOINK
  • CARBOFUEL AND CARBOPLATE
  • CARBOPROTEKT, CARBOTUBE, CARBOELAST AND CARBOMETAL
  • CATHERINE
  • CONTACT PROJECT
  • NANOFIRE
  • NANOHYBRID
  • HARCANA
  • INTELTEX
  • NANOGENE
  • NANOIMPACT
  • NANOMED
  • NANOPACK
  • NANOTOX
  • VIACARBON
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT: CNT
    • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT: CNT (CONTINUED)
  • CARBON NANOTUBE DISPOSAL
  • UNITED STATES
  • EPA NANOMATERIALS STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM
  • EPA: SIGNIFICANT NEW USE RULES
  • EPA DESIGN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT (DFE) PROGRAM
  • US FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
  • CARBON NANOTUBES LINKED TO MESOTHELIOMA
  • FIRST TWO NANOTECHNOLOGY DEATHS
  • UNITED NATIONS

APPENDIX 1

  • COMPANY/INSTITUTION, ADDRESSES AND CNT PRODUCTS
    • ADVANCE NANOPOWER INC.
    • ADVANCED DIAMOND TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    • AHWAHNEE INC.
    • AICHI SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION
    • AIST: NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, NANOTUBE RESEARCH CENTER
    • ALD NANOSOLUTIONS INC.
    • ALFA AESAR (UK)
    • ALPHANANO TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    • ALPHASIP
    • AMERICAN DYE SOURCE, INC.(CA)
    • AMERICAN ELEMENTS
    • AMERICAN NANOTECH
    • AMI DODUCO, INC.
    • AMO GMBH
    • ANGSTRON MATERIALS LLC
    • APEX NANOMATERIALS
    • APNANO MATERIALS, INC.(FORMERLY APPLIED NANOMATERIALS, INC.)
    • APPLIED CARBON NANO TECHNOLOGY CO.,
    • APPLIED NANOTECH HOLDINGS, INC.
    • ARKEMA
    • ARKNANO/ FEIBO (SHANGHAI) CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    • ARRY INTERNATIONAL GROUP LIMITED
    • ASBURY CARBONS, INC.
    • ATOMATE CORPORATION
    • AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
    • AVANZARE INNOVACION TECNOLOGICA S.L
    • BAYER MATERIAL SCIENCES
    • BLUE NANO
    • BOHONG CO., LTD.
    • BREWER SCIENCE
    • BUCKEYE COMPOSITES
    • BUCKYUSA
    • BYK-CHEMIE GMBH
    • CABOT CORPORATION
    • CANANO TECHNOLOGIES
    • CANATU OY
    • CARBEN SEMICON LTD.
    • CARBOLEX
    • CARBON NANO MATERIALS R&D CENTER
    • CHENGDU DESRAN TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    • CARBON NANOPROBES
    • CARBON NANOTECHNOLOGIES INC.
    • CARBON NANOTUBE CAPACITOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-AIST
    • CARBON NANOTUBE RESEARCH INSTITUTE (CNRI)
    • CARBON NT&F 21
    • CARBON SOLUTIONS INC.
    • CARBONNANO PTE LTD.
    • CARBO-TEC
    • CATALYTIC MATERIALS
    • CATALYX NANOTECH
    • CETEK TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    • CHEAP TUBES INC.
    • CHEMPURE PVT LTD.
    • CHENGDU DESRAN TECHNOLOGY CO.
    • CHAKYU DYEING CO., LTD.
    • CHENGDU ORGANIC CHEMICALS CO., LTD.,/TIMESNANO
    • CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES NO.16, SOUTH BLOCK 2,
    • CLUSTER INSTRUMENTS CO., LTD.
    • CNANO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED
    • CONTINENTAL CARBON COMPANY
    • C-POLYMERS
    • CSIRO CNR HENRY ST AND COLAC RD
    • DAIKEN CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    • DEGUSSA-HULS/EVONIK INDUSTRIES AG
    • E-CITY NANO TECHNOLOGIES
    • EDEN ENERGY LIMITED
    • EIKOS, INC.
    • ELECTROVAC
    • EMPA, MATERIAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
    • EM-POWER CO., LTD.
    • FIRSTNANO, INC.
    • FLOX CORPORATION
    • FRONTIER CARBON CORPORATION
    • FUJITSU
    • FULLERENE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
    • FUTURECARBON GMBH (DE)
    • GENERAL NANO LLC
    • GRAPHENE LABORATORIES INC.
    • GRAPHENE SOLUTIONS
    • GRUPO ANTOLIN-IRAUSA, S.A.
    • GSI CREOS
    • GSI CREOS CORPORATION
    • GSNANOTECH CO., LTD.(FORMERLY NURICELL)
    • HANWHA CHEMICAL CORP
    • HANWHA NANOTECH
    • HANWHA NANOTECH CORPORATION/ILJIN NANOTECH
    • HEJI INC.
    • HENAN UNION ABRASIVES CORP
    • HELIX MATERIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
    • HITACHI
    • HODOGAYA CHEMICAL
    • HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY
    • HONDA RESEARCH INSTITUTE USA, INC.
    • HRL LABORATORIES, LLC
    • HYPERION CATALYSIS
    • IDAHO SPACE MATERIALS, INC.
    • IDEAL STAR INC.
    • INDIAN OIL CORPORATION LIMITED
    • INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    • PLANNING & PROMOTION DEPARTMENT CHUTUNG, HSINCHU, , BLDG.67, 195, SEC. 4,
    • INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR MATERIALS NANOARCHITECTONICS
    • INNOVATIONS UNIFIED TECHNOLOGIES
    • INSTITUT NATIONAL POLYTECHNIQUE DE TOULOUSE
    • INSTITUTE FOR MATERIAL SCIENCES
    • VIETNAM ACADEMY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    • INTELLIGENT MATERIALS PVT.LTD./ NANOSHEL
    • INTEMATIX CORPORATION
    • INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CENTER
    • IOLITEC IONIC LIQUIDS TECHNOLOGIES GMBH
    • IRCHEMIE
    • JENLAUR LTD.
    • JFE HOLDINGS, INC.
    • JFE TECHNO-RESEARCH CORPORATION
    • JINAN HAOHUA INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    • JOKOH CO., LTD.
    • KLEAN INDUSTRIES
    • KOREA AEROSPACE UNIVERSITY (MICRO & NANO HEAT TRANSFER LAB)
    • KUMHO PETROCHEMICAL
    • LAIWU JINRONG CARBON BLACK CO.
    • LEUVEN NANOCENTER, UNIVERSITY OF LEUVEN
    • LIFTPORT GROUP
    • LINKOPING UNIVERSITY
    • LITMUS NANOTECHNOLOGY
    • LUNA INNOVATIONS
    • MATERIALS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER)
    • MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH (MTR) LTD.
    • MEFS, CO., LTD.
    • MEIJO NANO CARBON
    • MEMAPLAST
    • MICROPHASE
    • MICROTECHNANO
    • MITSUBISHI CORPORATION
    • MITSUBISHI CORPORATION
    • MITSUBISHI/ FRONTIER CARBON CORP
    • MITSUI & CO.
    • MITSUYA BOEKI
    • MKNANO
    • MOLECULAR NANOSYSTEMS
    • MONAD NANOTECH PVT.
    • MP BIOMEDICALS
    • NANO CARBON TECHNOLOGIES (NCT)
    • NANO CO., LTD.
    • NANOBEST CORP.
    • NANO-C
    • NANOCARBLAB (NCL)
    • NANOCOMP TECHNOLOGIES
    • NANOCRAFT
    • NANOCS
    • NANOCYL S.A.
    • NANODYNAMICS
    • NANOFACTOR MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES
    • NANOINTEGRIS
    • NANOKARBON
    • NANOLAB
    • NANOLEDGE
    • NANOLEDGE CHEMICALS
    • NANOMAS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    • NANOMIRAE CO., LTD.
    • NANOMIX
    • NANONB CORP (SEE BUCKYUSA)
    • NANO-PROPRIETARY, INC.
    • NANOSHEL
    • NANOSOLUTION CO., LTD.
    • NANOSTRUCTURED & AMORPHOUS MATERIALS, INC.
    • NANOSYS, INC.
    • NANOTAILOR
    • NANOTECH FORUM NAGANO (NAGANO TECHNO FOUNDATION)
    • NANOTECH HANWHA/ CHEMICAL HANWHA
    • NANOTECHLABS
    • NANOTECHNOLOGY NETWORK PROJECT, JAPAN
    • NANOWAL
    • NANTERO
    • NARA MACHINERY CO., LTD.
    • NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
    • NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (AIST), NANOTUBE RESEARCH CENTER
    • NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    • NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL-CNRC
    • NEC CORPORATION
    • NEOTECHPRODUCT RESEARCH & PRODUCTION CO., LTD.
    • NETHERLANDS NANONED
    • NEW ENERGY AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY
    • DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION (NEDO)
    • NEW METALS AND CHEMICALS CORPORATION, LTD.
    • NEXEN
    • NIKKISO
    • N-TEC
    • P.O.S.(POS)
    • PARAS ENGINEERING COMPANY
    • PLASMACHEM GMBH
    • POLYTECH & NET GMBH
    • PYROGRAF PRODUCTS
    • Q-FLO LTD.
    • QINHUANGDAO TAIJI RING NANO-PRODUCTS CO., LTD.
    • RAYMOR INDUSTRIES INC.
    • READE
    • RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE
    • RESEARCH ORGANIZATION FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
    • RESEARCH ORGANIZATION FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
    • ROSSETER HOLDINGS LTD.
    • RTP COMPANY
    • SCHUNK GRAPHITE TECHNOLOGY, LLC
    • SELAH TECHNOLOGIES
    • SES RESEARCH
    • SGL GROUP
    • SHANGHAI ELECTRIC INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC & TRADING CO., LTD.
    • SHENYANG GINA NEW MATERIALS
    • SHENZHEN DYNANONIC CO., LTD.
    • SHENZHEN NANOTECH PORT CO.(NTP)
    • SHIJIAZHUANG LINGYUE CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    • SHIJIAZHUANG PENGJIA TRADE COMPANY LTD.
    • SHINSHU UNIVERSITY
    • SHOWA DENKO CARBON INC.(SDK)
    • SIGMA-ALDRICH
    • SKKU GRAPHENE RESEARCH LABORATORY
    • SKYSPRING NANOMATERIALS INC.
    • SOLENNE
    • SOUTHWEST NANOTUBES (SWENT™)
    • STANFORD MATERIALS
    • STANFORD NANOELECTRONICS GROUP
    • SUMITOMO CORP.
    • SUN NANOTECH CO, LTD.
    • SUNLEE HOLDINGS PTE LTD.
    • SUNRAYNANO
    • SUPERIOR GRAPHITE CO.
    • SURREY NANOSYSTEMS (UK)
    • TAILORED MATERIALS CORPORATION
    • TATEYAMA MACHINE CO., LTD./ TATEYAMA KAGAKU INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    • TDA RESEARCH
    • TECHNANO MATERIALS PVT LTD.
    • TECO NANOTECH
    • THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION
    • THOMAS SWAN & CO.
    • TIMCAL GRAPHITE & CARBON
    • TIMESNANO//CHENGDU ORGANIC CHEMICALS CO., LTD.
    • CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCE
    • TOHO TENAX AMERICAR
    • TOKYO CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
    • TOKYO FUTURE STYLE, INC.
    • TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE
    • TOMOE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    • TORAY INDUSTRIES INC.
    • TOYO TANSO CO.
    • TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY
    • UMEA UNIVERSITY
    • UNIDYM/ARROWHEAD RESEARCH
    • UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO
    • VERSILANT NANOTECHNOLOGIES
    • VORBECK MATERIALS CORP.
    • WUHAN YRT WYRENTECO CO., LTD.(YRT)
    • XG SCIENCES
    • XINTEK, INC.
    • YAMAMOTO TRADING CO., LTD.
    • Y-CARBON
    • YUHANG
    • YUNNAN GREAT GROUP
    • ZEON CORPORATION
    • ZYVEX PERFORMANCE MATERIALS
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