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データセンターにおける電力消費と冷却

POWER AND COOLING: Alternative Technologies for Data Centres

発行 BroadGroup
出版日 ページ情報 英文 40 pages
価格
こちらの商品の販売は終了いたしました。
データセンターにおける電力消費と冷却 POWER AND COOLING: Alternative Technologies for Data Centres
出版日: 2008年02月01日 ページ情報: 英文 40 pages

当商品の販売は、2013年12月19日を持ちまして終了しました。

概要

当報告書では、データセンターにおける冷却と電力消費のバランスの改善に有益な電力消費削減技術、冷却技術の研究開発動向について調査分析し、各種技術のメリット・デメリット、世界のイニシアチブ、将来見通しなどもまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

イントロダクション

第1章 データセンターにおける代替電力

  • 太陽発電技術
    • CSP(集光型太陽熱発電)
    • PV(太陽光発電)
    • HSL(ハイブリッド太陽光照明)
  • 風力発電技術
  • 燃料電池技術
  • バイオ燃料
    • 平均燃料価格
  • 炭素効率の高い機器
    • ガスタービン
    • バイオディーゼル燃料発電機

第2章 代替的冷却技術

  • 空気冷却
  • 強制空冷
  • 噴霧冷却
  • 「Cold Corridor」コンセプト
  • 水冷却
  • データセンターの例
  • 水冷却による冷却装置付きITハードウェア
  • 液体冷却による冷却装置付きITハードウェア
  • 液体冷却による冷却装置なしITハードウェア
  • ナノ技術・マイクロ技術ベースの次世代パッケージレベル冷却ソリューション
  • ナノ冷却技術
  • ナノチューブフォレスト技術

第3章 世界のイニシアチブ

  • Green Grid
  • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)
  • Architecture 2030
  • eco (Association of German Internet Enterprises)

第4章 総論・将来見通し

  • 代替パワー
  • 代替冷却
  • 炭素効率の高い機器
目次

The survey is a valuable reader for data centre managers wishing to speedily review the array of technologies, available and under development, designed to reduce power consumption and cooling requirements. The short survey reveals that on balance there are more options likely to occur in cooling than in power.

Cooling technologies are more focused on applications that can be installed directly in the data centre. Air, liquid, gas and new nano-cooling developments suggest that thus far, a definitive or optimal solution has not yet fully emerged and there is no outstanding leader. For operational managers, identifying an interim solution appears to be the best that can be achieved.

Power supply is in contrast an issue that will be solved more probably by large energy companies although innovative solutions particularly using solar power have been attempted by data centres themselves. Photovoltaic or PV for short, for example, appears to show much promise. Wind power and fuel cell technologies also each have compelling arguments for their adoption in the data centre but the drawback remains the level of investment required.

It appears that at a time when oil prices have reached peaks previously unknown, we are at a point on the continuum where demand for power in the data centre is also coincidentally at unprecedented levels. Facility owners will not reach an equilibrium in costs until assured solutions have been fully commercialised and that may still be some years away.

In the meantime, this survey provides clear evidence of the research and development effort underway by both industry and academia to identify ways forward in resolving the two most critical challenges confronting an industry charged with reducing its consumption and costs.

Key Benefits of the Report

  • Survey of key developments underway in power and cooling
  • Advantages and disadvantages explained
  • 14 Tables and Charts
  • 40pp

Table of Contents

Research Methodology and Report Objectives

Introduction

1 - Alternative Power for Data Centres

  • 1.1 Solar Power Technologies
    • 1.1.1 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP)
    • 1.1.2 Photovoltaic (PV)
    • 1.1.3 Hybrid Solar Lighting (HSL)
  • 1.2 Wind Power Technology
  • 1.3 Fuel Cell Technology
  • 1.4 Bio-fuel
    • 1.4.1 Overall Average Fuel Prices on Energy
  • 1.5 Carbon efficient equipment
    • 1.5.1 Gas Turbine
    • 1.5.2 Bio-diesel fuelled generator

2 - Alternative Cooling Technologies

  • 2.1 Air Cooling
  • 2.2 Force Air Cooling
  • 2.3 Spray Cooling
  • 2.4 Cold Corridor concept
  • 2.5 Water Cooling
  • 2.6 Data Centre example
  • 2.7 Water Cooled IT hardware with chillers
  • 2.8 Liquid Cooled IT hardware with chillers
  • 2.9 Liquid Cooled IT hardware without chillers
  • 2.10 Nano and Micro Technology-Based Next-Generation Package-Level Cooling Solutions
  • 2.11 Nano Cooling Technology
  • 2.12 Nanotube Forest Technology

3 - Global Initiatives

  • 3.1 Green Grid
  • 3.2 Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)
  • 3.3 Architecture 2030
  • 3.4 eco (Association of German Internet Enterprises)

4 - Conclusions and Future Outlook

  • 4.1 Alternative Power
  • 4.2 Alternative Cooling
  • 4.3 Carbon Efficient Equipment

TABLES

  • Table 1. Solar Power Technologies
  • Table 2. Wind Power Technology
  • Table 3. Fuel Cell Technology
  • Table 4. Bio-fuel Technology
  • Table 5. Overall Average Fuel Prices on Energy
  • Table 6. Gas Turbine Technology
  • Table 7. Bio-diesel fuelled generator
  • Table 8. Alternative Cooling Technologies

CASE STUDIES

  • Study 1. Movable Solar Collector (Red Rocks Data Center, US)
  • Study 2. Solar Power Data Centre (The AISO.Net, US)
  • Study 3. Hybrid Wind System (Wind-Solar) Data Centre (Green House Data, US)
  • Study 4. Hydrogen fuel cells Data Centres (Fujitsu, US, and First National Bank Omaha, US)
  • Study 5. Renewable biomass energy Data Centres (Rackspace, UK)
  • Study 6. Gas turbine Data Centre (Public Interest Network Services, NY, US)

ADDITIONALS

  • Map 1. Average Solar irradiance
  • Photo 1. Hybrid Solar Lighting (HSL) Collector
  • Photo 2. Megawatt Wind Turbine
  • Photo 3. First National Bank of Omaha
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