表紙
市場調査レポート - 174951

化学成分およびエネルギー源としての水素

Hydrogen as a Chemical Constituent and as an Energy Source

発行 BCC Research
出版日 ページ情報 英文 207 Pages
価格
化学成分およびエネルギー源としての水素 Hydrogen as a Chemical Constituent and as an Energy Source
出版日: 2011年02月01日 ページ情報: 英文 207 Pages
概要

米国の化学成分、エネルギー源としての水素市場は2010年に220億米ドルとなりました。同市場は今後CAGR3%で拡大し、2015年には255億米ドルになると予測されています。世界の水素市場は2010年に1,200億米ドルとなり、2015年には1,630億米ドルに達する見込みです。

当レポートでは、世界の化学成分・エネルギー源としての水素市場について分析し、産業構造と合成ガスビジネス、水素生産工程の概要、最終用途、代替生産技術、および参入する企業プロファイルをまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 概要および調査対象

第4章 業界の現状

  • 現在の生産技術
  • 安全性プロファイル、基準、規格
  • 水素生産コスト比較
  • 技術の現状と性能
  • 世界のおける水素の生産
  • プラントの資本コスト

第5章 産業構造

第6章 水素販売市場

第7章 水素パイプラインデリバリー

  • パイプライン市場
  • パイプライン市場シェア
  • パイプライン輸送の経済性
  • 2010年に追加された主なパイプライン

第8章 主な外国市場

  • 世界の水素市場概要
  • 欧州の市場シェア
  • 欧州のパイプラインビジネス
  • その他の市場:中国

第9章 世界の合成ガスビジネスと水素

  • 概要
  • 合成ガス生産方法
  • 世界の合成ガス容量
  • 業界の変化
  • 地域流通
  • 原料の流通
  • 製品の流通

第10章 水素生産工程

  • 概要
  • 水素の生産
  • 天然ガスからの水素
  • 石炭からの水素
  • 原子力からの水素
  • 再生可能エネルギーからの水素
  • プラズマ改質
  • 水から:電解および熱分解
  • バイオ水素

第11章 現在の水素生産統計

第12章 水素の最終用途市場

  • 燃料
  • 発電セクター
  • 製造業
  • 化学プロセス産業および食品製造業
  • 研究開発用途
  • 定置電力の燃料
  • 水素源としての天然ガス関連の浄化コスト
  • 大型定置水素発電プラントのコスト
  • 燃料電池発電プラントの商業的状況の概要
  • 小型燃料電池

第13章 化学仲介物としての水素

  • アンモニア生産のための水素
  • 肥料
  • アンモニアの生産容量:米国

第14章 石油加工における水素

  • 概要
  • 精製の需要
  • 脱硫における水素
  • 市場需要
  • 水素と急成長するオイルサンドビジネス

第15章 米国の州別精製水素生産容量

第16章 輸送用エネルギーとしての水素

  • 概要
  • ハイタン(HYTHANE)
  • ガソリンの代替としての水素
  • 天然ガス市場への影響
  • 輸送機関向け水素の貯蔵

第17章 輸送における水素:その他の技術と研究

  • 概要
  • 技術課題
  • THE FREEDOM CAR INITIATIVE
  • 水素燃料の流通オプション
  • 競合する輸送用燃料
  • 水素エンジンの技術的課題
  • 燃料電池、燃料電池車および水素市場
  • 水素自動車における貯蔵技術の課題

第18章 水素の貯蔵

  • 概要
  • 貯蔵と輸送
  • デリバリー
  • 研究への取り組み
  • 水素デリバリーインフラにおける課題
  • その他の研究優先事項
  • ポリマーベースの水素貯蔵
  • 水素化アルミニウム

第19章 代替生産技術

第20章 水素とFUTUREGENプロジェクト

第21章 特許分析

第22章 企業プロファイル

第23章 用語・略語

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目次

Abstract

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

  • The U.S. market for hydrogen as a chemical constituent and as an energy source was valued at $22 billion in 2010. This market is expected to increase at a 3% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach a value of $25.5 billion in 2015.
  • The refining segment of the U.S. market was valued at $9 billion in 2010. This market is expected to increase at an 8.4% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach a value of $13.5 billion in 2015.
  • Total world production of hydrogen as a chemical constituent and as an energy source was valued at $120 billion in 2010. This market is expected to increase at a 6.3% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach a value of $163 billion in 2015.

OVERVIEW

The purpose of this report is to measure and forecast the demand for hydrogen as a chemical constituent and as an energy source. The report defines individual markets and technical applications for hydrogen. In regard to cutting-edge developments, areas such as nanotechnology and biological processing, where considerable research dollars have been expended, are covered.

Among the key trends in the hydrogen business are pipeline development and plant modernization. Hundreds of millions of dollars in projects to build new hydrogen production facilities, and new pipelines, have been announced in the last several years. Coincidentally, though, there have been significant cutbacks in government funding for hydrogen-related research.

THE FUEL OF THE FUTURE

Much has been said about hydrogen being the “fuel of the future” due to its abundance as an element and its nonpolluting combustion products. Less has been said about the fact that other forms of energy must be used to produce the hydrogen which will be used as fuel. Most hydrogen is bound up in compounds such as methane or water or more complex sources such as coal, and energy is required to break the hydrogen free from these compounds, then to separate, purify, compress, and/or liquefy the hydrogen for storage and transportation to usage points. Widespread production, distribution and use of hydrogen will require many innovations and investments to be made in efficient and environmentally acceptable production systems, transportation systems, storage systems and usage devices.

Hydrogen is primarily used in petroleum refining and as a chemical intermediate, particularly in the manufacture of agricultural fertilizers. Hydrogen has some utility as a fuel source in transportation, but numerous technical and economic barriers still exist to widespread deployment of either hydrogen-powered engines in vehicles or fuel cell-powered vehicles that use stored hydrogen.

Hydrogen is an energy carrier, much like electricity, and therefore requires a primary energy source to produce it. One of the primary economic barriers to more widespread use of hydrogen as a fuel is the fact that it requires significant energy inputs to produce hydrogen. In the U.S. virtually all hydrogen is made from natural gas, giving rise to significant quantities of unwanted and undesirable carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.

Despite the unfavorable economics for uses of hydrogen other than refining and as a chemical intermediate, interest in it has always remained strong because hydrogen in transportation would not directly generate greenhouse gases. And if the hydrogen can be obtained via “renewable” resources such as wind or solar power or even biological processing, it would truly be emission-free.

The cheapest way to produce hydrogen is natural gas reforming or coal gasification at a central plant. Hydrogen, particularly high purity hydrogen, can be obtained indirectly from electricity via water electrolysis, a usually costly process due to the high energy input. Because all current processes to produce hydrogen generate significant amounts of CO2 emissions, large-scale hydrogen production from natural gas and coal would be environmentally acceptable only if combined with carbon capture and storage technologies.

During, and in many cases beyond, the forecast period of this report, some essential technologies that could be deployed to produce hydrogen include fossil sources with carbon sequestration (coal and natural gas), renewable energy sources (solar, wind, and hydroelectric), biological methods (biomass and biological), and nuclear energy.

SCOPE OF STUDY

This BCC study focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data about the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, company profiles, patent trends and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities, and potential business opportunities are a key focus.

The report focuses on the following:

  • The structure of the hydrogen industry, its driving forces, competitive aspects, market segmentation, distribution channels, pricing, and technology.
  • Analysis of global market trends, with data for 2009, estimates for 2010, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2015.
  • Assessment of hydrogen demand, with 5-year forecasts.
  • Reviews of global environmental and energy regulations.
  • Company profiles.

METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. Research methodology was both quantitative and qualitative in nature, the latter relying on Delphi-style forecasting techniques. Initially, a comprehensive and exhaustive search of academic literature discussing hydrogen applications was conducted. These secondary sources include hydrogen and fuel cell journals and related books, trade literature, marketing literature, other product/promotional literature, annual reports, security analyst reports, and other publications. A patent search and analysis was conducted. Other sources include magazines, academics, technology suppliers, technical experts, trade association officials, government officials, and consulting companies.

INFORMATION SOURCES

As is the case with most industries and economic sectors, data resources analyzing the applications and markets for hydrogen have become vast. There are numerous peer reviewed, referred journals devoted solely to hydrogen technology, not to mention environmental journals that report on larger systems issues or strategic/economic issues in environmental management. Data sources that were employed include press releases on company websites covering application news, company news, marketing news, and product news as well as brochures, product literature, magazines, technical journals, technical books, marketing and other promotional literature, annual reports, security analyst reports, and other hydrogen-specific business digest publications. An extensive patent analysis was conducted to gauge technological innovation and to determine research activity as it applies to new product development.

ANALYST' S CREDENTIALS

The author of this report, Project Analyst Kevin Gainer, holds B.A. and M.A. degrees in quantitative economic analysis and technology forecasting and has 25 years of economic, industry intelligence, and market research experience. He is the author of six published books and dozens of technical papers, analyses, and studies published in conference proceedings, including many unpublished proprietary analyses within corporations. He has worked as a Research Editor and Project Analyst at BCC Research since 1985, and has authored numerous BCC technology market research reports and periodicals.

Table of Contents

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary

  • OVERVIEW
  • THE FUEL OF THE FUTURE
  • SCOPE OF STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST' S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC PUBLICATIONS
  • BCC ONLINE SERVICES
  • DISCLAIMER

Chapter- 2: SUMMARY

  • MAJOR FINDINGS
    • Table 0 : THE VALUE OF HYDROGEN AS A CHEMICAL CONSTITUENT AND ENERGY SOURCE, U.S. MARKET, 2010 THROUGH 2015
    • Figure 0 : HYDROGEN AS A CHEMICAL CONSTITUENT AND ENERGY SOURCE, 2010 AND 2015

Chapter- 3: OVERVIEW AND RESEARCH FOCUS

  • OVERVIEW
  • APPLICATIONS
  • HISTORICAL CONTEXT
  • HYDROGEN TODAY
  • NATURAL GAS AND HYDROGEN
  • HYDROGEN COST/BENEFIT EQUATION IN SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF HYDROGEN
  • GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
  • FUTURE PROSPECTS
  • INVESTMENT RISK
  • RESEARCH FOCUSES

Chapter- 4: CURRENT STATUS OF THE INDUSTRY

  • CURRENT PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
  • SAFETY PROFILE, CODES, AND STANDARDS
  • COMPARISON OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION COSTS
  • TECHNOLOGY STATUS AND PERFORMANCE
  • WORLD PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
  • PLANT CAPITAL COSTS
  • FEDERAL R&D RELATING TO HYDROGEN
    • Table 6 : HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL BUDGET, 2004-2011

Chapter- 5: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • OVERVIEW
    • Table 7 : TOP U.S. REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCERS BASED ON CAPACITY, 2009

Chapter- 6: MERCHANT HYDROGEN MARKET

  • MERCHANT MARKET DELIVERY MODES
  • LOCATION OF THE MERCHANT PLANTS
  • Table 10 : MERCHANT LIQUID AND COMPRESSED GAS HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN THE U.S. AND CANADA, BY COMPANY AND LOCATION, 2010

Chapter- 7: PIPELINE DELIVERY OF HYDROGEN

  • PIPELINE MARKET
  • PIPELINE MARKET SHARES
  • ECONOMICS OF PIPELINE TRANSPORT
  • MAJOR PIPELINE ADDITIONS IN 2010

Chapter- 8: PRINCIPAL FOREIGN MARKETS

  • WORLD HYDROGEN MARKET OVERVIEW
  • EUROPEAN MARKET SHARES
  • EUROPEAN PIPELINE BUSINESS
  • OTHER PRINCIPAL MARKETS-CHINA
  • SUMMARY: WORLDWIDE HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY AT REFINERIES
    • Table 19 : WORLD RANKING OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY AT REFINERIES, RANKED BY CAPACITY, THROUGH 2009
    • Table 20 : WORLD RANKINGS OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY AT REFINERIES, RANKED BY GROWTH RATE, THROUGH 2009

Chapter- 9: WORLD SYNGAS BUSINESS AND HYDROGEN

  • OVERVIEW
  • SYNGAS PRODUCTION METHODS
  • WORLD SYNGAS CAPACITY
  • INDUSTRY CHANGES
  • REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION
  • FEEDSTOCK DISTRIBUTION
  • PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION

Chapter- 10: HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESSES

  • OVERVIEW
  • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
  • HYDROGEN FROM NATURAL GAS
  • HYDROGEN FROM COAL
  • HYDROGEN FROM NUCLEAR POWER
  • HYDROGEN FROM RENEWABLE RESOURCES
  • PLASMA REFORMING
  • FROM WATER: ELECTROLYSIS AND THERMOLYSIS
  • SULFUR-IODINE CYCLE
  • BIOHYDROGEN ROUTES
  • FERMENTATIVE HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
  • ENZYMATIC HYDROGEN GENERATION
  • BIOCATALYZED ELECTROLYSIS
  • LIQUEFACTION VERSUS GASIFICATION
  • CATALYSTS

Chapter- 11: CURRENT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION STATISTICS

  • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY
    • Table 22 : PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF OPERABLE PETROLEUM REFINERIES, HYDROGEN AND OTHER PRODUCTS

Chapter- 12: HYDROGEN END-USE MARKETS

  • FUEL
  • POWER PRODUCTION SECTOR
  • MANUFACTURING
  • CHEMICAL PROCESS INDUSTRIES AND FOOD PRODUCTION
  • RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT USES
  • HYDROGEN AS FUEL FOR STATIONARY POWER
  • CLEAN UP COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH NATURAL GAS AS THE HYDROGEN SOURCE
  • COSTS OF LARGE- SCALE STATIONARY HYDROGEN POWER GENERATING PLANTS
  • OVERSEAS COMMERCIAL STATUS OF FUEL CELL POWER PLANTS
  • MINIATURE FUEL CELLS

Chapter- 13: HYDROGEN AS A CHEMICAL INTERMEDIATE

  • HYDROGEN FOR AMMONIA PRODUCTION
  • FERTILIZER
  • AMMONIA PRODUCTION CAPACITY - UNITED STATES
    • Table 24 : U.S. AMMONIA PRODUCTION, 2005-2009

Chapter- 14: HYDROGEN IN PETROLEUM PROCESSING

  • OVERVIEW
  • REFINERY DEMAND
  • ALTERNATIVES TO HYDROGEN IN DESULFURIZATION
  • MARKET DEMAND
  • HYDROGEN AND THE BURGEONING TAR SANDS BUSINESS

Chapter- 15: U.S. REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY STATE

Chapter- 16: HYDROGEN AS ENERGY FOR TRANSPORTATION

  • OVERVIEW
  • HYTHANE
  • HYDROGEN AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR GASOLINE
  • EFFECTS ON NATURAL GAS MARKETS
  • STORAGE OF HYDROGEN FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS

Chapter- 17: HYDROGEN IN TRANSPORTATION: OTHER TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH ISSUES

  • OVERVIEW
  • TECHNOLOGY ISSUES
  • THE FREEDOM CAR INITIATIVE
  • HYDROGEN FUEL DISTRIBUTION OPTIONS
  • DISTRIBUTED NATURAL GAS REFORMING
  • RENEWABLE ELECTROLYSIS FOR HYDROGEN FUELING
  • COMPETITIVE TRANSPORTATION FUELS
  • HYDROGEN ENGINE TECHNOLOGY ISSUES
  • FUEL CELLS, FC VEHICLES, AND THE HYDROGEN MARKET
  • FUEL CELL-POWERED BUSES
  • FUEL CELL FLEETS
  • HYDROGEN VEHICLE STORAGE TECHNOLOGY ISSUES
  • COST PROJECTIONS FOR HYDROGEN AS VEHICLE FUEL
  • INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PROJECTIONS

Chapter- 18: HYDROGEN STORAGE

  • OVERVIEW
  • STORAGE AND TRANSPORTATION
  • DELIVERY
  • RESEARCH EFFORTS
  • HYDROGEN DELIVERY INFRASTRUCTURE ISSUES
  • OTHER RESEARCH PRIORITIES
  • METAL ORGANIC FRAMEWORK OPTIMIZED FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE
  • COMPRESSIONLESS RETAIL HYDROGEN FUELING STATIONS
  • POLYMER-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE
  • ALUMINUM HYDRIDE, A HIGH-CAPACITY HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIAL

Chapter- 19: ALTERNATIVE PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES

  • CURRENT STATUS OF ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
  • BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
  • CO-PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN WITH POWER, FUELS, AND CHEMICALS
  • CONCENTRATING SOLAR ENERGY TO PRODUCE HYDROGEN
  • LOW-TEMPERATURE ELECTROLYSIS
  • SPECIALIZED SEMICONDUCTORS - DIRECT USE OF LOW-TEMPERATURE SOLAR ENERGY
  • HYDROGEN FROM COAL
  • HYDROGEN AND CLEAN FUELS - CENTRAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
  • COAL SYNGAS
  • CO-PRODUCTION OF ELECTRIC POWER AND FT LIQUIDS

Chapter- 20: HYDROGEN AND THE FUTUREGEN PROJECT

  • CURRENT STATUS
  • TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
    • Figure 1 : FUTUREGEN' S INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGIES

Chapter- 21: PATENT ANALYSIS

  • OVERVIEW
  • SAMPLE PATENTS

Chapter- 22: COMPANY PROFILES

  • ACCENTUS PLC
  • ACCIONA S.A.
  • ACTA SPA
  • ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP
  • AIRGAS, INC.
  • AIR LIQUIDE
  • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS
  • ALCHEMIX CORP
  • ALTERNATIVE FUEL SYSTEMS (2004) INC.
  • ALVATEC PRODUCTION AND SALES GESMBH
  • AMERICAN HYDROGEN CORPORATION
  • AMMINEX A/S
  • ASPEN PRODUCTS GROUP, INC.
  • AVALENCE LLC
  • BABCOCK-HITACHI
  • BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
  • BASF
  • BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
  • BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
  • BC HYDRO
  • BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BEIJING JINFENG AEROSPACE S&T DEVELOPMENTS COMPANY
  • BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION
  • BP P.L.C.
  • CERAMATEC
  • CHEVRON
  • CLEAN ENERGY RESEARCH & EDUCATION INSTITUTE
  • CONOCO PHILLIPS
  • DEER PARK REFINING LTD PTNRSHP
  • DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP
  • DYNETEK INDUSTRIES LTD 145
  • ECD OVONICS
  • EDEN ENERGY
  • E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
  • ENGINEERED GAS SYSTEMS (EGS)
  • EPRIDA, INC.
  • ERGENICS
  • EQUISTAR CHEMICALS, LP
  • EXXON MOBIL
  • FLINT HILLS
  • FOSTER WHEELER AG.
  • FUEL CELL ENERGY, INC.
  • GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE (GTI)
  • GENERAL ATOMICS
  • GENERAL HYDROGEN
  • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
  • H2SCAN
  • HTC PURENERGY
  • HY9 CORP.
  • HYDROGENICS CORP.
  • HYTHANE
  • IDATECH, LLC
  • INNOVATEK, INC.
  • INTELLIGENT ENERGY
  • LINDE AG
  • MAGNA INTERNATIONAL, INC.
  • MAKEL ENGINEERING, INC.
  • MARKWEST JAVELINA
  • MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS RESEARCH, INC.
  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
  • MO SCI CORP.
  • MOTIVA ENTERPRISES, LLC
  • NANOMIX, INC.
  • NATIONAL CENTER FOR HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY
  • PLUG POWER, LLC
  • PRATT & WHITNEY
  • PRAXAIR, INC.
  • PROJECT PERFORMANCE CORPORATION
  • PROTON ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
  • QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE, INC.
  • RELION, INC.
  • SECAT, INC.
  • SHELL OIL
  • SOLAR SYSTEMS PTY., LTD.
  • SOTACARBO S.P.A
  • TECHNIP SA
  • TESORO CORPORATION
  • UHDE GMBH
  • VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION
  • WELDSHIP CORPORATION
  • WRB
  • XEBEC ADSORPTION, INC.
  • ZTEK CORPORATION, INC.

Chapter- 23: HYDROGEN GLOSSARY AND ACRONYMS

List of Tables

  • Summary Table : THE VALUE OF HYDROGEN AS A CHEMICAL CONSTITUENT AND ENERGY SOURCE, U.S. MARKET, 2010 THROUGH 2015
  • Table 1 : FUEL FLEXIBILITY OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
  • Table 10 : MERCHANT LIQUID AND COMPRESSED GAS HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN THE U.S. AND CANADA, BY COMPANY AND LOCATION, 2010
  • Table 11 : U.S. HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY STATE, 2009
  • Table 12 : U.S. HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY OWNER, 2009
  • Table 13 : EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY OWNER, 2009
  • Table 14 : HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN EUROPE, 1997-2007
  • Table 15 : FORECAST HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN EUROPE, THROUGH 2015
  • Table 16 : MERCHANT LIQUID AND COMPRESSED GAS HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN EUROPE, BY COMPANY AND LOCATION, 2009
  • Table 17 : EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY COUNTRY, 2009
  • Table 18 : CONSUMPTION OF HYDROGEN IN CHINA BY END-USER INDUSTRY, 2002 AND 2007
  • Table 19 : WORLD RANKING OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY AT REFINERIES, RANKED BY CAPACITY, THROUGH 2009
  • Table 2 : HYDROGEN PRODUCTION DATA, 2005-2009
  • Table 20 : WORLD RANKINGS OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY AT REFINERIES, RANKED BY GROWTH RATE, THROUGH 2009
  • Table 21 : SUMMARY OF THE GASIFICATION INDUSTRY, 2010
  • Table 22 : PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF OPERABLE PETROLEUM REFINERIES, HYDROGEN AND OTHER PRODUCTS
  • Table 23 : POWER PLANT CAPITAL AND OPERATING COSTS: FUEL CELLS VERSUS CONVENTIONAL OPTIONS, 2010
  • Table 24 : U.S. AMMONIA PRODUCTION, 2005-2009
  • Table 25 : WORLD AMMONIA PRODUCTION, 2008 AND 2009
  • Table 26 : WORLD HYDROGEN DEMAND FOR REFINERY PROCESSING OPERATIONS, THROUGH 2015
  • Table 27 : U.S. REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY STATE, 2009
  • Table 28 : REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY INDIVIDUAL REFINERY, BY STATE 2000-2009
  • Table 29 : U.S. FUEL CELL BUS PROJECTS, 2010
  • Table 3 : FUNDING FOR THE HYDROGEN FUEL INITIATIVE, FISCAL YEARS 2004-2008
  • Table 30 : HYDROGEN PATENTS BASED ON MAJOR FIELD OF APPLICATION, NOVEMBER 2009-NOVEMBER 2010
  • Table 4 : GLOBAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION BY RAW MATERIAL, 2010
  • Table 5 : MANUFACTURING R&D CHALLENGES FOR DISTRIBUTED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
  • Table 6 : HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL BUDGET, 2004-2011
  • Table 7 : TOP U.S. REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCERS BASED ON CAPACITY, 2009
  • Table 8 : U.S. MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
  • Table 9 : MERCHANT MARKET DELIVERY MODES, 2009

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure : HYDROGEN AS A CHEMICAL CONSTITUENT AND ENERGY SOURCE, 2010 AND 2015
  • Figure 1 : FUTUREGEN' S INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGIES
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