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市場調査レポート - 199909

燃料電池技術の分析

Analyzing Fuel Cell Technology

発行 Aruvians Rsearch
出版日 ページ情報 英文 245 Pages
電子版即納可
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燃料電池技術の分析 Analyzing Fuel Cell Technology
出版日: 2011年06月01日 ページ情報: 英文 245 Pages
概要

自動車で使われる化石燃料の消費量と温室効果ガスの増加といった課題に対処するための長期的な解決策として近年注目を集めているのが燃料電池技術です。燃料電池は、商業的に大きな成功を収めているとは言えませんが、エネルギー面のさまざまな要求条件を満たすことができる環境負荷の小さい技術であり、世界的な燃料価格の上昇や化石燃料の大量消費に伴う環境面の懸念の高まりといった状況を背景に開発が加速しています。最近では、行政機関と大手企業による燃料電池の普及拡大プログラムが一定の成果を収めており、官民の研究開発投資が増加することで、効率面の問題などが解決され、製品の価格も低下すると期待されています。

当レポートは、未来のエネルギー源として期待される燃料電池の技術を詳細に分析したもので、燃料電池技術の開発と進化の道筋、基本原理やハードウェア、作動原理、現在市場に投入されている燃料電池のタイプや未来指向製品の開発状況などに加え、水素の供給状況についても分析し、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

エグゼクティブ・サマリー

イントロダクション

  • 燃料電池の歴史的な展望
  • 燃料電池の設計
  • 燃料電池の作動原理
  • 燃料電池の構成要素
  • 膜電極一体構造
  • 触媒
  • ハードウェア

燃料電池のタイプ

  • 金属水素化物燃料電池
  • 電気亜鉛メッキ燃料電池
  • ギ酸燃料電池
  • 亜鉛空気燃料電池
  • 微生物燃料電池
  • 可逆性燃料電池
  • 直接水素化ホウ素燃料電池
  • アルカリ型燃料電池
  • 直接メタノール燃料電池
  • 直接エタノール燃料電池
  • プロトン交換膜燃料電池
  • フロー電池
  • リン酸型燃料電池
  • 溶融炭酸塩型燃料電池
  • プロトン性セラミック燃料電池
  • 固体電解質型燃料電池
  • 固体高分子形燃料電池
  • 再生燃料電池
  • 金属空気燃料電池
  • 燃料電池のマイナス膜

燃料電池の効率

  • エネルギーセルの効率
  • 実際に使用した場合の効率

水素生産のための資源

  • イントロダクション
  • 生物学的システムと光生物学的システム
  • 石炭ガス化
  • 電気分解
  • 化石燃料
  • 産業廃棄物
  • 光電気化学システム
  • 熱処理
  • 熱化学的水分離

業界の課題と問題

  • 燃料電池設計の問題
  • コスト面の問題
  • 耐久性と信頼性の問題
  • 貯蔵面の問題
  • サイズと重量の問題
  • 燃料選択の柔軟性
  • 空気管理
  • 水素の供給
  • 性能面の要求条件
  • 統合燃料電池システム
  • 低い実用温度
  • 安全性の問題
  • 技術的な改善の必要性
  • 社会的な支持
  • 輸送目的で使用する場合の課題

燃料電池の用途

  • 運輸業界における燃料電池
  • 燃料電池と可搬型電源
  • 軍用燃料電池
  • 燃料電池と下水処理施設
  • 住宅用
  • 通信分野の用途

規制面の枠組みと問題

  • 米国エネルギー省の構想

研究開発の必要性

  • イントロダクション
  • 研究開発に対する支出

小型燃料電池

  • イントロダクション
  • 小型燃料電池の開発
  • 小型燃料電池と従来型燃料電池
  • 小型燃料電池を発展させるうえでの課題
    • コスト面の問題
    • 規制面の課題
    • 技術的な障壁
    • 業界内での競争激化
  • 小型燃料電池の市場
  • 市場の展望

燃料電池市場の可能性

燃料電池業界の将来像

燃料電池業界の主要企業と業界構想

  • Astris Energi Inc.
  • Ballard Cells
  • California Fuel Cell Partnership
  • キヤノン
  • カシオ
  • Cellex
  • Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
  • DaimlerChrysler
  • Dynetek Industries
  • Englehard Corporation
  • Entegris, Inc.
  • Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd.
  • FuelCell
  • FuelCell Energy, Inc.
  • 富士通研究所
  • GVB
  • H2 Partners
  • 日立
  • IdaTech
  • Jadoo Power
  • Mercedes Benz
  • Motorola
  • MTI Micro Fuel Cells
  • NTTドコモ
  • Palcan Fuel Cells
  • Plug Power
  • Proton Energy Systems
  • サンヨー電気
  • TeliaSonera AB
  • TOKAI
  • 東芝

米国各州の構想

付録

用語集

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目次

The race for developing a long term solution to increasing usage of fossil fuels in the automotive sector and the rising effect of greenhouse gases has a new participant - Fuel Cell Technology.

The advent of Fuel Cells though yet to achieve mass commercial successes has presented new clean opportunities for meeting energy requirements. The rising fuel prices globally and the increasing environmental concerns with the rampant applications of fossil fuels in the transportation industry is forcing the development of alternatives like the Fuel Cell.

The involvement of government agencies and the industry majors like Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd. Are achieving results through programs in order to expand and implement the usage of fuel cells as a way of life. Initiatives of governments around the world to popularize the usage of fuel cells in the domestic/small sector is being backed by many social incentivized programs in order to facilitate the mass proliferation of this technology.

The flow of private and government investment into R&D is being perceived to be critical to the success of this technology wherein early efficiency issues are identified and corrected in order to ensure that future reworking costs are minimized.

Aruvian' s R' search' s report - ‘Analyzing Fuel Cell Technology’ - analyzes the recognition, development and advancement of fuel cell technology in the scientific arena wherein it was clearly demarcated in 1900' s that fuel cells will be supplying energy and automotive power in the future. The report further provides a view on the basics of a fuel cell; its structure hardware and the working principles of a fuel cell.

The report enlarges the analyst perspective on the types of fuel cells available in today' s marketplace and the development on certain future oriented products as well. The report analyzes the basic hydrogen availability and the sources from wherein it can be obtained to be harnessed in fuel cells keeping an eye on the environmental objective as well.

The issue of efficiency derivation along with other challenges faced by the fuel cell industry, its performance parameters and safety concerns are explained in detail in this report in order to let an analyst determine the actual feasibility of fuel cell technology in mass production scales.

The multifold applications of fuel cells, some of which have been implemented and other areas where they are being tested, are provided in this report. The advent of any new technology which is slated for inculcation into direct civilian applications needs a robust regulatory framework and initiatives to iron out the issues o part of the industry, the government is presented in this report in a constructive manner.

The report also analyzes the new ground breaking inventions of Micro Fuel Cells and the cost constraints as well as the overall competitive market activity in this sector along with the market scenario for Micro Fuel Cells.

A comprehensive outlook on the potential for Fuel Cells and the industry' s future outlook is provided in this report wherein the interest and initiatives of major industry players by companies and by geography is presented, thereby achieving to encapsulate all the determinants of success for Fuel Cell Technology for a clean, efficient and green future.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction

  • B.1 Historical Perspective of Fuel Cells
  • B.2 The Design of a Fuel Cell
  • B.3 How Does a Fuel Cell Work?
  • B.4 Looking at the Different Parts of a Fuel Cell
    • B.4.1 Membrane Electrode Assembly
    • B.4.2 Catalyst
    • B.4.3 Hardware

C. Types of Fuel Cells

  • C.1 Metal Hydride Fuel Cell
  • C.2 Electro-galvanic Fuel Cell
  • C.3 Formic Acid Fuel Cell
  • C.4 Zinc-Air Fuel Cells
  • C.5 Microbial Fuel Cell
  • C.6 Reversible Fuel Cell
  • C.7 Direct Borohydride Fuel Cell
  • C.8 Alkaline Fuel Cell
  • C.9 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
  • C.10 Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell
  • C.11 Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell
  • C.12 Flow Battery
  • C.13 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell
  • C.14 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell
  • C.15 Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cell
  • C.17 Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
  • C.18 Regenerative Fuel Cells
  • C.19 Metal Air Fuel Cells
  • C.20 Fuel Cells Minus Membranes

D. Looking at Fuel Cell Efficiency

  • D.1 Energy Cell Efficiency
  • D.2 Efficiency in Practice

E. Looking at Hydrogen Production Sources

  • E.1 Introduction
  • E.2 Biological and Photobiological Systems
  • E.3 Coal Gasification
  • E.4 Electrolysis
  • E.5 Fossil Fuels
  • E.6 Industrial Wastes
  • E.7 Photoelectrochemical Systems
  • E.8 Thermal Processing
  • E.9 Thermochemical Water Splitting

F. Challenges & Issues in the Industry

  • F.1 Issues with Fuel Cell Design
  • F.2 Cost Issues
  • F.3 Durability & Reliance Issues
  • F.4 Storage Problems
  • F.5 Size & Weight Issues
  • F.6 Fuel Flexibility
  • F.7 Air Management
  • F.8 Availability of Hydrogen
  • F.9 Performance Requirements
  • F.10 Integrated Fuel Cell Systems
  • F.11 Low Operating Temperature of Fuel Cells
  • F.12 Safety Concerns
  • F.13 Need for Technological Improvements
  • F.14 Public Support
  • F.15 Challenges in Transportation Purposes

G. Applications of Fuel Cells

  • G.1 Fuel Cells in the Transportation Sector
  • G.2 Fuel Cells and Portable Power
  • G.3 Fuel Cells in the Military
  • G.4 Fuel Cells & Wastewater Treatment Plants
  • G.5 Residential Applications
  • G.6 Applications in Telecommunications

H. Regulatory Framework & Issues

  • H.1 Initiatives by the US Department of Energy

I. Necessity of Research & Development

  • I.1 Introduction
  • I.2 R&D Expenditure

J. Looking at Micro Fuel Cells

  • J.1 Introduction
  • J.2 Workings of a Micro Fuel Cell
  • J.3 Micro Fuel Cell vs. Conventional Fuel Cell
  • J.4 Challenges in the Growth of Micro Fuel Cells
    • J.4.1 Cost Issues
    • J.4.2 Regulatory Challenges
    • J.4.3 Technological Barriers
    • J.4.4 Growing Competition in the Industry
  • J.5 Market Profile of Micro Fuel Cells
  • J.6 Market Forecast

K. Exploring the Market Potential of Fuel Cells

L. Future Outlook for Fuel Cell Industry

M. Industry Players & Industry Initiatives

  • M.1 Astris Energi Inc.
  • M.2 Ballard Cells
  • M.3 California Fuel Cell Partnership
  • M.4 Canon
  • M.5 Casio
  • M.6 Cellex
  • M.7 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
  • M.8 DaimlerChrysler
  • M.9 Dynetek Industries
  • M.10 Englehard Corporation
  • M.11 Entegris, Inc.
  • M.12 Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd.
  • M.13 FuelCell
  • M.14 FuelCell Energy, Inc.
  • M.15 Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
  • M.16 GVB
  • M.17 H2 Partners
  • M.18 Hitachi
  • M.19 IdaTech
  • M.20 Jadoo Power
  • M.21 Mercedes Benz
  • M.22 Motorola
  • M.23 MTI Micro Fuel Cells
  • M.24 NTT DoCoMo Inc.
  • M.25 Palcan Fuel Cells
  • M.26 Plug Power
  • M.27 Proton Energy Systems
  • M.28 Sanyo Electric
  • M.29 TeliaSonera AB
  • M.30 Tokai
  • M.31 Toshiba

N. Looking at Initiatives by State

  • N.1 Alabama
  • N.2 Alaska
  • N.3 Arizona
  • N.4 Arkansas
  • N.5 California
  • N.6 Colorado
  • N.7 Connecticut
  • N.8 Delaware
  • N.9 District of Columbia
  • N.10 Florida
  • N.11 Georgia
  • N.12 Hawaii
  • N.13 Idaho
  • N.14 Illinois
  • N.15 Indiana
  • N.16 Iowa
  • N.17 Kansas
  • N.18 Kentucky
  • N.19 Louisiana
  • N.20 Maine
  • N.21 Maryland
  • N.22 Massachusetts
  • N.23 Michigan
  • N.24 Minnesota
  • N.25 Mississippi
  • N.26 Missouri
  • N.1 Montana
  • N.1 Nebraska
  • N.1 Nevada
  • N.1 New Jersey
  • N.1 New Mexico
  • N.1 New York
  • N.1 North Carolina
  • N.1 North Dakota
  • N.1 Ohio
  • N.1 Oklahoma
  • N.1 Oregon
  • N.1 Pennsylvania
  • N.1 Rhode Island
  • N.1 South Carolina
  • N.1 South Dakota
  • N.1 Tennessee
  • N.1 Texas
  • N.1 Utah
  • N.1 Virginia
  • N.1 Washington
  • N.1 West Virginia
  • N.1 Wisconsin
  • N.1 Wyoming

O. Appendix

P. Glossary of Terms

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