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SupplierBusiness:排ガスおよび後処理システム

Automotive Exhaust & Aftertreatment Systems Report

発行 SupplierBusiness
出版日 ページ情報 英文 150 pages
価格
SupplierBusiness:排ガスおよび後処理システム Automotive Exhaust & Aftertreatment Systems Report
出版日: 2013年10月17日 ページ情報: 英文 150 pages
概要

世界の排ガス・後処理システム市場は、全世界の自動車生産台数の増加や、各国の環境規制強化、新興国の技術的追い上げを背景に、今後大きく成長するものと思われます。排ガス検査・規制の国際基準の統一が段階的に進み、また新興国では(かつての先進国よりも)最新技術を導入しやすいことが、各企業の今後の事業展開(特に新興国での場合)にプラスに働くものと思われます。

当レポートは、世界の排ガスおよび後処理システム(EAS)市場における成長促進要因と将来のトレンドを分析し、世界各国のCO2・有毒ガス排出規制強化の動きや触媒材料市場の動向、主なアフターマーケット向け技術(ガソリン・ディーゼルエンジン向け排出管理技術など)の開発状況、世界各地域の市場動向などを調査して、その結果を概略以下の構成でお届けします。

イントロダクション

主な促進要因

  • 燃費とCO2排出
    • 米国
    • EU(欧州連合)
    • 日本
    • 中国
    • 他の国々
  • 排出基準
    • ディーゼル煤:微粒子の問題
    • 窒素酸化物(NOx)
    • 欧州
    • 米国
    • 日本
    • 他の国々
    • 中型・大型車
  • 検査手法
  • 白金族金属の動向

排ガスおよび後処理技術

  • 三元触媒コンバーター(TWC)
  • ディーゼル用酸化触媒
  • 排ガス再循環(EGR)
  • 窒素酸化物(NOx)の削減
  • 選択還元触媒(SCR)
  • リーンNOxトラップまたはNOx吸着触媒(NAC)
  • CRT(Continuously Regenerating Trap)プロセス
  • 微粒子の削減
  • 微粒子フィルター
  • 複合微粒子およびNOxの後処理システム
  • 「SCRか、EGRか」を巡る論議
  • 触媒被毒
  • Euro 6向けの「SCR+EGR」
  • 音響管理
  • 排熱回収システム
  • 熱電発電機

排ガスおよび後処理システム市場

  • OEM企業向け市場
  • アフターマーケット

図表一覧

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目次

The exhaust and after-treatment market is set for considerable growth, not only through the significant global vehicle production volume growth forecast but also through significant increases in the revenue generated for each system. The tightening regulatory environment has led to considerably increased revenues per vehicle and this is set to improve globally as emerging high growth markets catch up with Europe and Northern America in terms of the level of equipment needed to meet regulations.

Automotive emissions system technology is precompetitive not only in the US and Europe, but largely, across emerging markets as well. The awkward, and ultimately costly situation where different national and regional regulation and testing regimes that have required different emissions technologies and systems in order to satisfy disparate markets is being steadily eroded by the harmonisation of emissions regulations. A measure that will bring huge long term benefits to those players in the exhaust and aftertreatment sector.

Having initially endured the difficult situation of meeting environmental regulations developed across three different markets; the US, the European Union and Japan, OEMs and suppliers have found that emerging markets have largely been able to pick their regulation ‘off the shelf' which has meant that those suppliers that have successfully developed technology to meet those regulations enjoy a competitive advantage in the emerging markets.

About this report

This fourth edition examines the key drivers in this sector including fuel economy and CO2 emissions, noxious emissions and health concerns and platinum group metal trends. The report goes on to examine exhaust and aftertreatment technologies, in particular gasoline engine emissions control and diesel engine emissions control. It considers regional forecasts of vehicle production by fuel type and considers the global growth of the exhaust and aftertreatment component market.

The report contains a wealth of figures and tables and is accompanied by 18 detailed profiles of the major supplier companies active in the sector.

SAMPLE

Source: IHS Automotive

Table of Contents

Introduction

Key drivers

  • Fuel economy and CO2 emissions
  • The United States
  • The European Union
  • Japan
  • China
  • Other countries
  • Criterion emissions
  • Diesel Soot - Particulate Matters
  • Nitrogen oxides (NOx)
  • Europe
  • The United States
  • Japan
  • Other countries
  • Medium- and heavy-duty vehicles
  • Testing regimes
  • Platinum Group Metals trends

Exhaust and after-treatment technology

  • Three-Way Catalytic converter (TWC)
  • Diesel oxidation catalyst
  • Exhaust Gas Re-circulation (EGR)
  • NOx reduction
  • Selective catalytic reduction (SCR)
  • Lean NOx trap or NOx adsorber catalyst (NAC)
  • CRT Process
  • Particulate reduction
  • Particulate filters
  • Combined particulate and NOx after-treatment systems
  • Catalyst Poisoning
  • The SCR versus EGR debate
  • SCR plus EGR for Euro 6
  • Acoustic management
  • Exhaust heat recovery systems
  • Thermoelectric generators

The exhaust and after-treatment systems market

  • The OEM market
  • The Aftermarket

Table of figures

  • Figure 1: Emissions regulation promulgation from different source jurisdictions
  • Figure 2: The progress of emissions regulations across major markets
  • Figure 3 Tenneco's technology road map for exhaust systems
  • Figure 4: Global CO2 (g/km) progress normalised to NEDC test cycle
  • Figure 5: CO2 (g/km) performance and standards in the EU new cars 1994 - 2011
  • Figure 6: Fuel economy standards to 2015 for selected countries (US mpg)
  • Figure 7: Comparison of different fuel efficiency regulations and test regimes
  • Figure 8: Global testing procedures and standards
  • Figure 9: CO reductions in the EU, Japan and the US, 2000 - 2010
  • Figure 10: HC reductions in the EU, Japan and the US, 2000 - 2010
  • Figure 11: An overview of the role of nitrogen oxides in atmospheric chemistry
  • Figure 12: The structure of particulate matter (PM)
  • Figure 13: Diesel PM reductions in the EU, Japan and the US, 2000 - 2010
  • Figure 14: NOx reductions in the EU, Japan and the US, 2000 - 2010
  • Figure 15: Euro 5 and 6 emissions regulation implementation roadmap
  • Figure 16 US Light duty emissions standards
  • Figure 17 Criterion emissions reductions in the EU, the US and Japan, 1992 - 2015
  • Figure 18 Emissions standards timetable in selected countries, 2001 - 2010
  • Figure 19: Comparison of different test regimes for EU, US and Japan
  • Figure 20: PGM application suitability mix
  • Figure 21: Price trends for palladium, platinum and rhodium 1993 to 2011
  • Figure 22: Factors affecting overall PGM demand
  • Figure 23: Aggregate PGM demand 2003 - 2012
  • Figure 24: Eberspächer technology road map for exhaust systems
  • Figure 25 A 2012 exhaust system including emissions control, CO2 reduction and acoustic design
  • Figure 26: A comparison of exhaust systems 1975 and 2009
  • Figure 27: Audi A3 aluminium cylinder head with integrated exhaust manifold
  • Figure 28: Three-way catalytic converter
  • Figure 29: The effect of temperature on catalytic converter operation
  • Figure 30: A close-coupled catalytic converter, close to the engine for faster light-off, with underfloor catalyst and oxygen sensor
  • Figure 31: The effect of fuel-air mixture on catalytic converter operation
  • Figure 32: The construction of an electrically heated TWC
  • Figure 33: The construction of a diesel oxidation catalytic converter
  • Figure 34: Exhaust gas recirculation with cooler
  • Figure 35: A schematic of an advanced EGR system
  • Figure 36: Denso's compact EGR cooler for gasoline engines
  • Figure 37: Selective catalytic reduction schematic
  • Figure 38: Selective catalytic reduction
  • Figure 39: Delphi's on-board reformer
  • Figure 40: Faurecia ASDS unit
  • Figure 41: A schematic of Faurecia's ASDS system
  • Figure 42: Lean NOx trap operating modes
  • Figure 43: NOx trap system with ECU control
  • Figure 44: Strategies for the minimisation of PM in GDI engines
  • Figure 45: A schematic of a wall-flow DPF
  • Figure 46: Mercedes Benz E Class DPF
  • Figure 47: Acicular Mulite process effects in DPF substrate
  • Figure 48: Combined NOx reduction and particulate reduction systems
  • Figure 49: Assessment grid for combined NOx reduction and particulate reduction systems
  • Figure 50: Development trends for SCR and LNT technologies
  • Figure 51: A comparison between EGR and SCR technology
  • Figure 52: Eberspächer's ActiveSound technology integrated with an Audi A6 exhaust system
  • Figure 53: Energy distribution and losses
  • Figure 54: Honda Rankine cycle energy recovery system
  • Figure 55: Electrical power requirements for NEDC and actual customer requirements for various vehicle classes
  • Figure 56: BMW Turbostreamer technology on test and in-situ
  • Figure 57: BMW's combined EGR TEG unit
  • Figure 58: A systematic diagram of a TE module
  • Figure 59: Skutterudite structures
  • Figure 60: Thermoelectric materials development
  • Figure 61: Global gasoline and diesel production forecast to 2024
  • Figure 62: Global gasoline and diesel production forecast by region to 2024
  • Figure 63: Forecast PGM use in autocatalysts
  • Figure 64: Forecast DPF market for light vehicles to 2024
  • Figure 65: Exhaust and after-treatment market for light vehicles value to 2024
  • Figure 66: Exhaust and after-treatment market for light vehicles value by region to 2024

Table of tables

  • Table 1: Euro emissions limits for light positive ignition (gasoline) vehicles (g/km)
  • Table 2: Euro emissions limits for light compression ignition (diesel) vehicles (g/km)
  • Table 3: US emissions standards for light-duty vehicles, to five years/50,000 miles (g/mile)
  • Table 4: Monitoring requirements of California OBD systems
  • Table 5: Japan emissions limits for light gasoline & LPG vehicles (g/km)
  • Table 6: Japan emissions limits for light diesel vehicles (g/km)
  • Table 7: Chinese emissions standards for light duty vehicles
  • Table 8: Emissions control strategies
  • Table 9: Reactions in a three- way catalytic converter
  • Table 10: Cost comparison EGR vs SCR in Europe
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